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Transcript of holocaust art
Hirsh Kadushin (later George Kadish)
Lithuanian Jewish Photographer
could make homemade cameras
took pictures of his experience at Kovno Ghetto
hidden camera in buttonholes in coat
took photographs over window sills Jewish Art Nazis called Jewish art "horror propaganda"
Holocaust writer Lawrence Langer calls it "horror truth" Takes first picture on June 25, 1941 of the word "revenge" written in blood deportation A hidden place Mendel Grossman Lodz Ghetto
small 'dark' room in flat to develop pictures
at first took pictures of 'man in motion'
Saw impact and started taking pictures on the street sees impact of the things he sees in the ghetto starts taking pictures of everyday things in Lodz suffering, pain and death
he did not 'seek beauty, for there was no beauty in the ghetto' carried camera under his coat ---> kept hands in pocket (which were cut open on the inside), open coat a little, click camera shutter = picture taken
climbed roofs, steeples of churches and electric power posts to get the "perfect" shot
wasn't worried of the Gestapo
didn't think about future, only wanted people to know what took place in the ghetto
"Let it remain for the future, let others know how humiliated we were" (family with wagon)
went with gravediggers to take photographs marked the death with a number on chest so families could look at Mendel's photos of their loved ones who past away and then identify the grave they were burried at (with number on grave) the ghetto was almost empty
had to leave for Konigs Westerhausen labor camp
hid his "negatives" (his terrifying pictures) in tin cans in his flat
death march because of liquidation of camp
Mendel collapsed dead with his camera with him
http://holocaustresearchproject.org/ghettos/grossman.html Link to more pictures 'revenge' in yiddish Jews executed by hanging in Lodz as the crowd watches women moving excrement Paintings in the Holocaust painted on ceilings and walls Moshe Rynecki (Warsaw Ghetto) only three paintings survived
'In the Shelter'
died in Majdanek Concentration Camp Gela Seksztajin in her will-"Jews Do everything that such a tragedy will never be repeated."
died in Trablinka Death Camp Self Portrait Sometimes artists were forced to create personal items for officials
David Olere added pictures (flowers) on stationary for an SS officer Felix Nussbaum 'In the Camp'
Died in Auschwitz
Nazi Art Germans praised art because their leader (Hitler) studied art (architecture)
art was an important element for strenghthening the Third Reich
political messages, stereotypes and Jewish propoganda
art made Germany look peaceful or in a struggle to defend themselves
art made it look like Hitler could heal their problems Ernst Vollbehr
Hitler admired his work
Painted things from the point of view of the Nazis
NSDAP (Nazi) Convention in Nuremburg 1933 Hubert Lanzinger
The Flag Bearer ---> Hitler looks powerful, "great" man
German Folk Art Adolph Wissel: Farm Family from Kahlenberg
Julius Paul Junghanns: Plowing Folk art shows Aryan families with a simple life Arno Breker: The Guard
Karl Albiker: Relay Runners
Albert Janesh: Water Sports 'Superior' Race Art Political Cartoons From 'Der Stürmer' (The Striker)
"The Day of Revenge is Coming"