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Gupta Empire

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by

Hannah Abbott

on 22 October 2012

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Transcript of Gupta Empire

By Hannah Abbott,
Adella Roberts, Kyle Cangemi, and Eric Weeks The Gupta Empire Important Dates -320 A.D.- Chandra Gupta 1 was credited with founding the dynasty.

-520 A.D.- The Gupta Empire collapsed and became a small kingdom and were forced obey their conquerors, the Hunas. Political Facts -The Gupta Empire was split into several provinces in order to make it easier to rule. Each province had "governor" or viceroy who were appointed from amongst the members of the royal family. Economic Facts -Based mostly on agriculture, but industry and trade grew. Social Facts Major Rulers The Gupta Empire The Gupta Caste system had 4 different castes, the Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya, and the Shundra. The lowest in the caste system were the untouchables. They were treated very poorly and they were not associated with at all. They were born outside of the caste system. The Brahmin, or the priests were the highest in the caste system. Then the Kshatriya were the warriors and the nobles, Vaisya were farmers, traders, and artisans, and the Shundra were tenant farmers and servants. People were not allowed to move up in the caste system until reincarnation if they lived a good life. They could only move down in the caste system if a higher rank married a lower rank. The higher would move down to the lower persons caste. One major ruler of the Gupta Empire was Samudragupta. He ruled from 375-414 A.D. An achievement of Samudragupta was expanding the territory of the Gupta Empire to a vast extent. He did this in both northern and southern India. Samudragupta was a fierce warrior, and he was very victorious in the military. He defeated Achyuta, a Naga ruler, and Nagasena, who was from the Kotas. The Kotas ruled the Upper Gangetic valley. Throughout his reign, he fought against nine kings and defeated them all. After his victories, he annexed their territories. Samudragupta Chandragupta II - The provinces were also sub-divided into districts. - Each district was ruled by kurmaramatya and he was the direct link to the district's administrative centre. - The Gupta kings weren't as concerned with the little things, like the Mauryan kings were. They left those up to the kurmaramatya. -One of the Gupta's biggest industry was their textile industry because Indian textile was in high demand. -Major textiles were silk, muslin, calico, linen, wool, and cotton.
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