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Transcript of the Aztecs
The Aztecs lived in present day MExico
Mexico City was once the Aztecs' capital city. It was called Tenochtitlan.
Aztec territory was near the Pacific ocean, The Gulf of Mexico and Lake Texcoco. There were also mountains in the territory.
The Aztecs had monarchy government
The king was called
"the one who speaks".
Priests were also very important. They preformed many ceremonies and rituals. Priests also offered the sacrifices.
You cannot pretend to be someone else.
A man can marry as many times as he wants, but a women could not.
If you were chosen as a sacrifice you had to be sacrificed.*
* Many of the laws were similar between cities. This was because they had similar emperors.
There were emperors that led smaller areas of land. The had a lower title than the king.
Stealing others crops.
Being drunk in public. (If you were 70 or older you could be drunk. Festivals were also a exception.)
The Aztec laws were strict so punishment was extremely hard. A lighter punishment was getting your head shaved. Another light punishment was having your home demolished. A common and harder punishment was a death sentence.
Aztecs went on trading journeys. Before they left they would get pachteas, which was when they cut their hair shorter for the journey. While on the trip they carried the goods in bundles that were worn on their backs.
Aztecs traded their farm goods and their slaves. They also traded pottery that they made.
Thin copper axes, cotton cloaks and cocoa beans were used as currency.
The Aztecs were polytheistic. There were many gods they believed in.
Aztecs believed there were nine heavens and seven hells. Depending on how you died decided what heaven or hell you went to. If you died in war, childbirth or as a sacrifice you went to the best heaven.
Aztecs had many sacrifices. The priest would stretch the victim up over the sacrificial stone. The priest took an obsidian knife and cut open the chest. He would rip out the heart and put in a bowl. Sometimes, they would put it in a chacmool, which was a statue of a man lying down made of stone. They would put the bowl or chacmool in front of Tlaloc's shrine. It was food for the gods so they wouldn't end the world.
After the sacrifice had been made, the victims blood ran down the stairs in front of the sacrificial stone.
During festivals, hundreds and thousands of people lined up outside of the temple. They were all waiting to be sacrificed.
The Aztecs had two different calendars, The Solar Calendar and the Sacred Calendar.
The Solar Calendar was used to decide the best time to plant and harvest crops. It had 365 days and 18 months. The remaining five days were dangerous.
The Sacred Calendar had 260 days. It had 18 parts, each had 20 days. There were 13 days in a week. Each day had a name. The names were rabbit, water, dog, monkey, grass, reed, jaguar, eagle, vulture, motion, flint knife, rain, flower, crocodile, wind, house, lizard, serpent, death and deer. The cycle starts on crocodile.
There were also bundles of years. Each bundle was 52 years long. The calendars worked inside of those years.
The last 12 days of the 52 years were called "nothing days". On these days people threw away their old clothes and stayed inside all day. Men feared their wives would turn into beasts and devour them. The men left their families in fear of this. On the last nothing day the priests dressed as gods and did a ritual. They took a sacrifice on top of a hill. When the evening star reached the center of the night sky. The placed a wood board over the victims chest and tore out his heart. They offered the heart to the gods. Now the world was safe for another 52 years.
The Aztecs had an extensive irrigation system. IT was used for farming. The water formed hillside terraces. The plumbing was made of clay pipes that led to a sewage system. They also had designated drinking water.
AD 1300-AD 1532
Peasant houses were made of reeds and mud. Peasant houses were windowless and only had two rooms. Wealthy houses were made of adobe, which is a type of brick. There was also temples used for worshiping and sacrifices
Aztecs would use pictures for words.
They wrote about religion, history and daily life.
Aztecs also wrote poetry and books.
traded some their
items in marketplaces.
Arts and architecture
Aztecs used flutes, drums, rattles and whistles to make music.
Artists sculpted with jade, crystal, stone, rock and turquoise.
They also painted murals.
The Aztecs' peaceful contributions influenced a lot.
Aztecs also influenced today's education and pharmocology.
The end of the Aztecs.
Spaniards invaded Aztec territory. Montezuma was the king at the time. He offered gifts of silver and gold to try and reason with the Spaniards. Instead of settling with Montezuma the Spaniards wanted more gifts and destroyed the capital which ended the Aztecs.
The Aztecs lasted from AD 1300-1532
The Aztecs called themselves Mexica.
There was a game Aztecs played where you hit a ball in a goal/hoop. the looser was sacrificed.
As a punishment for children, Aztec parents would hold their children over a fire of burning peppers to burn their eyes.
Aztec project done by, Ali Schmidt, Emma Platt, Lauren McClure and Rachel Bright.
Prezi designed and made by Lauren McClure.
Thanks for watching!