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Psychology

Branches of Psychology
by

Clarissa Sunderland

on 6 December 2014

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Transcript of Psychology

Psychology
Psychology
By: Casey, Grace, Zoe, Ryan, Katherine, Amanda, Ella, Alyssa, Clarissa, Kaitlyn, and Julie
Twin Studies

Basic overview of phobias
5 categories of phobias
Other phobias
Injury or blood phobias
a
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p
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Natural environment phobias
Featuring Claustrophobia as an example
Treatment
Situational phobias
Therapy
GOAL
Cause:
Flooding
Symptoms
I
M
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E
What is important to you?
Waldo:
An extreme or irrational fear
Definition of Phobia:
"I have get home for them."
Treat
m
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n
t
Causes and Types
Causes and Types
Causes and Types
Causes and Types
Causes and Types
Causes and Types
U
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P
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S
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Flooding
F
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S
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Therapy Two:
Therapy, 21
Flip the following page to
begin your Guided
Fantasy.
Therapy, 20
Instructions:
A Guided Fantasy
Have another person do the following.

1) Place a person in the scenario.
2) Choose a setting
3) Pick a theme
4) Put comforting things into in the setting
5) Insert smells
6) Begin reading. Add in all of the above gradually
CAUTION:
PANICK ATTACKS OR OTHER SYMPTOMS MAY OCCUR.
G
U
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D
E
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Forensic Psychology

Schizophrenia
What is it?
DOPEMINE
&
GLUTEMiTE
Bipolar Disorder
What is it?
Dopemine
-Emotional
-Responsible for recognition
-Also known for ADHD & Autism
Mania
-Important-
GLUTAMITE
-Learning
-Plays a part in any nervous systems
TERROR
The excited, energetic, or frenzied state
Three levels
Can lead to delusions or hallucinations
Mental
Attacks
What is Forensic Psychology?
Panic
Forensic Psychology is the branch of
psychology that works with the
collection, examination and present-
ation of evidence for judicial purposes.
Depression
The sad or depressed state of Bipolar
Individuals may experience sadness, guilt, anxiety, or anger
Some individuals may even experience depersonalization
severe bipolar depression= psychotic
Mixed State
Physical

When symptoms of mania and depression occur at the same time
not normal as mania and depression are usually separated by a "normal" state
Switch very fast between symptoms= rapid cycle
Dizziness
What is forensic
psychology?
+collection, examination and presentation
of evidence for judicial purposes
+ application of psychology within a legal context
What do forensic psychologists do?
Forensic psychologists provide sentencing guidelines and/recommondations in cases in which the presented defense is insane. They use psychological information to facilitate a legal decision.
Individually
CHECK WITH A THERAPIST BEFORE ATTEMPTING!
Treatment

Medication
Some refuse because they feel as if they are not themselves when taking medication
Talk Therapy
Exposure Therapy
Exposure Therapy
Gradual
What are twin studies?
"Twin studies (studies involving twins) help disentangle the relative importance of environmental and genetic influences on individual traits and behaviors." (Wikipedia)
Identical twins share
100% of their genes.
While fraternal twins only share 50%.
T
h
a
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k
y
o
u
!
Examples of twin studies
Heritability- The measure of the extent of the differn
Why are twin studies important to psychology?
Personality and Behavior
Mental Illness
Forensic Psychology
+ the application of psychology within legal context
+the collection, examination and presentation of evidence
forensic= relating to the investigation of a crime
psychology=the study of human behavior
forensic psychology= the study of criminal behavior
Sociology
Sociology is the study of the structure, development, and functioning of human society
(A society is group of people living in a more or less ordered community).
Human behavior is very easily affected by:
-Social structure (groups, communities, organizations)

-Social categories (age, sex, class, race, etc.)

-Social institutions (politics, religion, education, etc.)
Sociology is important because it helps us interpret social patterns in a society
Shaking
Sweating
Obsessive thoughts
Fear fear fear
fear fear fear
fear fear fear
fear fear fear
FEAR FEAR FEAR
FEAR FEAR!!!
Desire to flee
Deviance
Fear
Deviance is behavior that violates socil norms of a specific community.
Most Americans consider:

-Excessive Gambling
-Alcoholism
-Refusing to bathe
-Public nudity

Deviance, however, is relative to the specific society and their social norms.
Jim Lewis and Jim Springer
Why are some of us sad and others happy?
Why do we act the way we do?
How much of this is predetermined by our
genes?
Are mental illnesses such as autism and schizophrenia genetic?
If one identical twin has autism, there is a 70% chance the other does too.
What this study showed psychologists-

_ The IQ scores of people living in the same environment differ because of genetics, not education.
+ provide sentencing guidelines or recomondations
+study the motives of the criminal
+find out there is anything wrong with the criminal's mental state
Development of Phobias
7-16
3-6
loud noises
Separation from parents
Strangers
Large objects
O-2
and other realistic fears...
stage fright
Illness
Death
What is important to you?
Individually
Anorexia
CURES?
Symptoms
What is anorexia?
-anorexia is an eating disorder. it causes people to slowly lose their appetite and stop eating in fear of weight gain and body image perception.
Imaginary Creatures
(CBT)
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
How does this involve psychology?
5
Ghosts
Monsters
So what?
Therapy
Most people think anorexia is something you can "catch", kind of like a fever. Research shows that anorexia is genetically linked to many psychiatric disorders like depression, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder etc. A study done by the Price Foundation showed that out of 600 families, two or more members had an eating disorder. Not only does anorexia effects the brain, it obviously also effects the body. Some traits for a high ED risk include Obsessive, Perfectionist, Anxious, Novelty Seeking, and Impulsive. Anorexics have a high level of cortisol , the hormone most related to stress, along with low levels of serotonin and norepinephrine, which is the feeling of well being.
Symptoms
-Dieting despite being under weight
-Obsession with nutrition, calories, etc
-Pretending/Lying about eating
-Food/Eating Rituals
-Wearing baggy clothes
-Very Critical of Body Image
It helps us understand different cultures and societies
We can solve social problems and crimes
We can learn how to treat each other better, or how to behave with other cultures
Ahhh
N
Causes
Eating disorders form from two main factors- genetics and social/family pressure
Types of ED
Bulimia-binging and vomiting after
Anorexia-Starvation
Binge Eating- Eating uncontrollably
Treatment:
Because anorexia is both body and mind, you have to almost assemble a team of doctors. This includes a medical doctor, psychologist, counselor, and dietician. Four steps to recover would be:
-regaining a healthy weight
-eating more food
-changing the way you view food and your body
-raising your self esteem
Thank You!
Thank You!
Thank You!
How does this relate to psychology?
By: Zoe Teofilo
psychology is being used to support
a legal decision
Full transcript