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The Dust Bowl
Transcript of The Dust Bowl
The dust bowl took place in the southern planes of America in 1931. The cause of this was due to poor agriculture. As the land was planted and plowed, the crops died from to drought, this led to dust being blown around and dust storm started to take place, getting worse as the years progressed.
Starvation and Drought
In the 1930's, drought covered virtually the entire plains for almost a decade. The droughts direct effect is most often remembered as agricultural. Many crops were damaged by deficient rainfall, high
temperatures, and high winds. As well as insect infestations and dust storms that accompanied these conditions.
Migration in the Dust Bowl
During the 30's, wheat was needed and good prices were being payed for it, so year after year that is what the farmers planted . What the farmers didn't know was that wheat drew out nutrients in the soil that the plants needed. Over the years, nearly every farmer had planted wheat. That brought down the surplus from 68 cents to only 25 cents a bushel.
Unable to stand the dust and struggles of the Dust Bowl, whole families packed up everything they could into a single vehicle and left. People had nothing left in the barren land. Most people had moved to California looking for work but were not very welcome. Los Angeles Police established the Bum Blockade at California's borders to keep out any migrants trying to get in
When the drought and dust storms showed no sign of letting up, many people abandoned their land. Others would have stayed but were forced out when they lost their land in bank foreclosures. The ones who stayed ended up putting blankets and sheets on the doors and windows for safety. In all, one quarter of the population left, packed everything they owned into their cars and trucks, and headed west to California.
The New Deal
In 1935 the Soil Conservation Services encouraged farmers to re-plant trees and grass to anchor all the soil down so it cant blow away anymore. They were also told to plow and terrace the in contour to hold rain water finally leave the land alone so that it could begin to regenerate.
On Sunday, April 14,1935, it got worse. The wall of blowing sand and dust first blasted into the eastern Oklahoma panhandle and far northwestern Oklahoma around 4 PM. It raced to the south and southeast across the main body of Oklahoma that evening, accompanied by heavy blowing dust, winds of 40 MPH or more, and rapidly falling temperatures.
The End of the Drought and Depression
Black Sunday was the worst day in history. Rain finally came and stopped the drought. With the coming of World War II farmers started to plant crops like wheat and the country got out of the depression.