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Why do men commit more crime than women?
Transcript of Why do men commit more crime than women?
Elliott Nater Why do men commit more crime than women? The question ‘why do men commit more crime than women?’ has a very wide field range. Many believe that crime is embedded into your personality and mind from your upbringing. It is often suggested that the media perceive that the younger generation, especially men are ‘troublemakers.’ Introduction Estrogen protects physical health and mental well being. It moves women toward developing harmonious relationships, staying connected, and toward a preference for avoiding conflict, and increases a woman's ability to literally feel gut sensations more than men.
Testosterone is a fast-acting, aggressive hormone and driver of sex. Men have 10 to 100 times more testosterone than women, enabling men to engage in interpersonal conflict and competition. Biological Differences The sex role theory argues that boys and girls are socialised differently, therefore resulting in boys becoming more delinquent.
Edwin Sutherland 'There are clear gender differences when it comes to socialisation. firstly, girls are more supervised and more strictly controlled. secondly boys are encouraged to take risks and to be tough and aggressive.'
Therefore boys have more of an opportunity and and inclination to commit crime Socialisation Gender identity is a vital part of the individual’s sense of self; it is something that people accomplish. People are continuously trying to express and present their masculinity or femininity. And in relation to crime, you can say men commit crime as a means of constructing this masculinity to express to others and themselves
research into gender identity identifies that men commit crime as a means of constructing their masculinity. Youths assert their masculinity through vandalism, petty theft and heavy drinking. Gangs are another example of how young people look to assert their masculine identity. Crime and masculinities The chivalry thesis means treating others, especially women with courtesy,sympathy and respect. the chivalry theory states that women are treated more leniently than men by the criminal justice system.
The double deviance theory states women are treated harshly by the criminal justice system as they deviate from social norms and gender norms when committing a crime.
The ministry of justice states that : the criminal justice system does treat woman more leniently. Female offences tent to be less serious and women are less likely to have a criminal record. Gender Bias and punishment Men commit more crime then women in all countries across the world. Biological differences insure men have a more risk taking / criminal behavior. Socialisation play its part encouraging males from a young age to take risks, to be tough and aggressive. Research into gender identity, shows that that men commit crime as a means of constructing their masculinity. Social peer pressure is another factor that can lead young people into criminal behavior. Research shows there to be a gender bias in the criminal justice system, women are more likely then men to be cautioned rather then charged. There are social factors that impact on crime, large number of prison inmates are from the lower level of the class system. Higher levels of crime take place within inner cities where there is deprivation. Unemployment within young me, also plays a part in them turning to crime. Conclusion Introduction In Britain official statistics on crime are produced annually. these provide criminologists, the police and the media with two types of data. The first is the total amount of crime committed, the second is the social characteristics of those that have been convicted of crimes. This is done by age, gender, class and ethnicity. However it is wise to remember that not all crimes that take place are recorded.
An example of these statistics are :
In 2009, there were 326,375 indictable offences in the UK with an 85% ( male ) 15 % ( female ) split. Official Crime Statistics
Children/young people who find themselves in a disadvantaged neighborhood, who also fall behind at school, often find refuge with those in a similar situation to themselves. These are the people who tend to commit crimes to try and impress one another. This a a major example of social peer pressure. Peer pressure Biological Differences Socialisation Crime and masculinities Peer pressure Gender Bias and punishment Official Crime Statistics Conclusion