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Women of the Nicaraguan Revolution

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Emily Jetter

on 18 December 2010

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Transcript of Women of the Nicaraguan Revolution

Women of the Nicaraguan Revolution The New Sandinista Women
New Sandinista women depicted FSLN posters throughout the revolution as an idealized image of a guerilla Sandinista:
- Smiling
-Nursing an infant
- Carrying a rifle over her shoulder Role of Women in Nicaraguan Revolution
Women in the Nicaraguan Revolution essentially fought a double revolution:
1.To secure national freedom
2.To secure their equality
They united due to their suffering not only under the Somoza regime, but as housewives under their husband as well
Their conditions and opportunities were notable transformed during the Revolution
Women were important to the success of the revolution
-Assisted in the fall of the Somoza regime Sandinista Woman Luisa Amanda Espinoza
1st Sandinista women to be killed in battle against the Somoza regime
-One of the revolutionary role models
Before joining the ranks of FSLN she was a poor, urban woman who left her abusive husband
She survived many dangerous missions and she was killed after being betrayed by an informant
Her name was later incorporated into the AMNLAE in commemoration of her role in the revolution
-Luisa Amanda Espinoza Association of Nicaraguan Women
- Spanish: Asociación de Mujeres Nicaragüenes Luisa Amanda Espinoza
AMNLAE fought to preserve the revolution and continue the right for woman’s emancipation by maintaining Feminist Ideology during the Sandinista Revolution
She presented a new feminine ideal that of a childless, autonomous, and a Sandinista women Luisa Amanda Espinoza Women and the Armed Straggles
Played a significant and uncharacteristic role in the revolution as guerillas in the armed forces
Subsequently challenging their traditional roles as mother caregiver
-Initial entry in armed forces was a precursor to women’s further involvement in more political revolutionary events and agendas
Women joined the FSLN to challenge the Somoza regime for many reasons
FSLN began integrating women into their guerilla forces in 1967
Women in FSLN were encouraged to participate in every aspect of combatant and civilian life as equals to their male counterparts
-Women were required to carry the same 40 lb backpacks as men had
-Men, in turn, were required to engage in traditionally female tasks
Ex. Food preparation
Women consisted of approx. 25-30% of FSLN members
-This significant amount is unprecedented in history of independent struggles
Women were also furthered involved as:
-Organizers
- Supporters of communications
- Providers of their homes for their female comrades’ protection
- persuaders for their husband to join the revolution
The Sandinista Government
Clearly did not provide the instant emancipation for woman
Women were empowered to challenge any attempts would reduce them back to a domestic role
Nicaraguan women are still concerned with escaping oppressive attitudes even from fellow devout communists Women of the Revolution
Nicaraguan revolution directly affected by all the positive and negative events of the Revolution
Victory of FSLN in 1979 brought major changes and gains for women:
- Mainly in legislation
- Broad educational opportunities
- Training programs for working women
- Childcare programs to positions in a whole range of political activities
This reduced the great burdens that the women of Nicaragua were faced with prior to the revolution Nicaraguan Feminist Ideology
The women in Nicaragua during the Sandinista Revolution saw their way to life drastically change
Early in the revolution made the emancipation of women one of its top goals
FSLN made significant progress towards this goal
- Sandinistas prohibited the use of women as sex objects
- Promoted breast feeding and made legalized breaks for working women to do so
- Eliminated the distinction between children born in and out of wedlock
- Banned former “family wage”
- Established penalties to suppress prostitution
- Required that men and women shared the household duties including childcare
Common Terms
Guerilla: a member of a band of irregular soldiers that uses guerrilla warfare, harassing the enemy by surprise raids, sabotaging communication and supply lines, etc.

Somoza Dynasty: An influential political dynasty who ruled Nicaragua for 43 years as an hereditary dictatorship.

Guardia: The Nicaraguan National Guard that is notorious for human rights abuses and corruption under the regime of the Somoza family. Somoza family FSLN
The Sandinista National Liberation Front (in Spanish: Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional, or FSLN) is a socialist political party in Nicaragua.
The FSLN is one of Nicaragua's two leading parties. Sandinistas took their name from Augusto César Sandino. In 1979 the FSLN overthrew the Somoza dynasty and ruled Nicaragua from 1979 to 1990. They left power in 1990 after free elections.
Leader- Daniel Ortega
-They wanted to create a society to cease inequality between the rich and the poor and between male and females
-Give land to the landless
- “Power to the people regardless of wealth”
Called themselves Sandinistas
-Were called muchachos, “the kids” By the end of 1991, AMNLAE reported that almost 16,000 working won had lost their jobs
-9,000 agricultural laborers
- 3,000 industrial workers
-3,800 civil servants
* Including 2,000 in health, 800 in education, & 1,000 in administration
The change in government forced women to maintain and supplement community social services on their own without economic aid or technical and human resource Nicaraguan Feminist Ideology Contd…
The main issue for Nicaraguan feminists was that a radical change was necessary for the common social ideologies away from the ideals o sexism and machismo that only served to maintaining gender inequality
Feminists were not able to find a voice through AMNLAE
The ultimate defeat came in 1990 when Violeta Chamarro representing the United Nicaraguan Opposition (UNO) was elected into office
-Ousting the FSLN from power
The FSLN subsequently fell to a much more traditional and conservative party led by a women president fulfilling the typical gender-roles that Nicaraguan feminists felt that women desperately needed to dismantle during the revolution Caption
Congratulations Mom
Thank your mother for defending our joy Association of Sandinista Children Caption:
Free country or die THE END
AL FINAL
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