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Diseases of the Holocaust

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by

Anna Redski

on 6 February 2014

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Transcript of Diseases of the Holocaust


Dysentery
Dysentery is the inflammation of the intestines. It is spread through contaminated food or drink. Dysentery can last for more than 5 days, depending on the individual. Bacteria that can cause Dysentery include
Campylobacter
, certain types of
E coli
,
Entamoeba histolytica
,
Salmonella
,
Shigella
. Symptoms of Dysentery include abdominable pain, bloody diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, decreased urine, dry skin, dry mouth, thirst,fever, chills, muscle cramps, and weight loss. With the following symptoms, there is risk for severe Dysentary: going unconscious frequently, delirium, high fever(higher than 101 degrees),
fast heart beat, and severe dizziness. People in concentration camps got this disease because their food was probably contaminated or their water wasn't clean.

Typhoid Fever
Typhoid Fever is caused by
Salmonella typhi.
21.5 million people get Typhoid Fever each year. The bacterium lives primarily in humans. Some people who have had Typhoid Fever still carry the bacteria in their feces. People who have Typhoid Fever have a high fever(103-104 degrees), weakness, stomach pains, loss of appetite. Even if the symptoms of Typhoid Fever go away, you can still pass the sickness to other people. This illness was common during the Holocaust because there was contaminated water being passed around and there wasn't good sanitization.

Typhus
Diseases of the Holocaust
Typhus is a disease that is transferred by lice or fleas. There are two types of Typhus:
Rickettsia typhi
or
Rickettsia prowazekii
.
Rickettsia typhi
causes endemic typhus and is usually spread from rats to fleas to humans.
Ricksettia prowazekii
causes epidemic typhus and is spread by lice. Epidemic typhus was probably more often during the Holocaust because people rarely got showers. The symptoms for endemic typhus include abdominal pain, back pain, a dull red rash, high fever(105-106 degrees), dry cough, headache, joint pain, nausea, and vomiting. The symptoms of the epidemic typhus include chills, cough, delirium, high fever, joint pain, low blood pressure, rash, and a severe headache. 10-60% of people with epidemic typhus die without treatment.


Beriberi
Beriberi is caused by the lack of thiamine(B1) in the body. There are two types of Beriberi: wet and dry. The wet beriberi affects the cardiovascular system while the dry beriberi affects the nervous system. The symptoms of wet beriberi include fatigue, rapid heart rate, leg pain, fluid in the lungs, and shortness of breath. The symptoms of dry beriberi are difficulty walking, loss of muscle coordination, loss of sensation, paralysis, discomfort or pain, slurred speech, unusual sensation such as tingling in the extremities, uncontrolled eye movement, and vomiting. People held in concentration camps got this probably because of the lack of vitamins and minerals in their diet.
Tuberculosis
Scurvy
Cholera
Scurvy is a disease that occurs when your diet lacks in Vitamin C (ascorbic acid). Scurvy comes from the Latin word Scorbutus. We have know of scurvy since the Ancient Greek and Egyptian times. Scurvy is now a very rare disease, but during the Holocaust it was common because of the people's diet. The symptoms of Scurvy include weight loss, appetite loss, diarrhea, rapid breathing, fever, irritatation, bleeding and a paralyzed feeling. As the disease progresses, bleeding gums, loosened teeth, pale skin, bloody and protruding eyes will occur.
Tuberculosis or Mycobacterium tuberculosis is an illness that primarily affects the lungs. When the bacterium enters the body it either is destroyed by the body's immune system, it is a latent tuberculosis and its symptoms don't appear, or it infects the person. Symptoms of Tuberculosis are weight loss, fatigue, shortness of breath, fever, night sweats, chills, loss of appetite, coughing for up to 3 weeks, coughing blood, chest pain, painful breathing and coughing. People in concentration camps probably got this because tuberculosis is transferred through tiny droplets of spit in the air and since everyone slept together, they probably caught it very quickly.
Cholera is an illness caused by consuming contaminated water or food. Symptoms of Cholera include a watery diarrhea, a fast heart rate, loss of skin elasticity, dry mouth, low blood pressure, and severe thirst. 5-10% of people develop severe diarrhea, which can kill within hours. This was a common sickness during the holocaust because the food or drink had contaminated or uncooked things. People lost a quart an hour of liquid. For severe cholera, symptoms are kidney failure, coma,electrolyte imbalances, and shock.
Sources
http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/155758.php
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001363.htm
http://www.cdc.gov/nczved/divisions/dfbmd/diseases/typhoid_fever/
http://www.localhealth.com/article/dysentery/symptoms
http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/8856.php
http://www.localhealth.com/article/beriberi/symptoms
http://www.medicinenet.com/cholera/page2.htm#what_is_cholera
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