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The Sixth Circle of Hell: The City of Dis

A look at the Hell's Sixth Circle, According to "Dante's Inferno" A presentation by Jessica Pasquarello and Mia Meccariello
by

Jessica Pasquarello

on 16 November 2012

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Transcript of The Sixth Circle of Hell: The City of Dis

What sin is being
punished here? This circle of Hell is
reserved for heretics. What Canto or Canti
Describe this Circle?


The Canti IX - XI discuss
the Sixth Circle of Hell,
but primarily Canto X. The City of Dis The Sixth Circle of Hell is often referred to as "The City of Dis."
This is the separation between Upper and Lower Hell.
It is across from the River Styx.
Its title comes from the word Dis, a synonym for Satan.
This is the capital of Hell. What is the punishment
for the sin here? How does the punishment for their 'crime' fit? The heretics here did not believe
in eternal life. Consequently, they
must suffer from eternal
death in a boundless
cemetery which is ablaze. Who are some historical
figures in this canto other than Dante and Virgil?
1. Epicurus - philosopher from Greece who stated that the soul, like the body, was mortal. He also stated that pleasure was the highest form of human good. Because he did not believe in eternal life, he and his followers were sentenced to this circle. By Jessica Pasquarello and Mia Meccariello The Sixth Circle of Hell: City of Dis "Queste sono le arch-eretici di tutti i culti, con tutti i loro seguaci ... Molto più di quanto si potrebbe pensare bugia infilati in queste volte. Come si trova con come in ogni eresia, ed i monumenti sono licenziati, chi più, chi meno, ogni depravazione proprio grado "
“These are the arch-heretics of all cults with all their followers…Far more than you would think lie stuffed into these vaults. Like lies with like in every heresy, and the monuments are fired, some more, some less; each depravity its own degree” How does Dante
describe this sin?

Dante believed that a
heretic was anyone who
denied the immortality
of the soul. Why did people end up in this circle?
People were damned here because they either did not believe in eternal life or they denied the existence of God. How many circles is this section divided into?

The sixth circle of Hell has only one main section. The sinners of this circle eternally lie in tombs created from iron.
Scorching fire surrounds them.
The lids of the tombs are on the ground, but on the final Day of Judgement, the lids will cover the tombs, thus enclosing them forever. Also, like all the circles, the sinners here suffer from hyperopia as part of their punishment. This means that they can all see future events. Yet, as events become closer to the present, and thus, the end of the world, their vision clouds because there is no future left to see. How does the punishment and the sin connect?

Sinners thought they would never possess eternal life, so, ironically, they had to endure eternal death.

Since they didn't believe in the afterlife, these sinners probably assumed that, following their death, their bodies would remain in gravestones at their cemetery. Dante made it be so, but with the added twist of torment. Historical Figures Continued

2. Farinata Uberti - leader of Ghibbellines who warred against the Guelphs (Dante's ancestors). He and his wife were excommunicated from the Catholic Church and after death, charged with heresy. Their bodies were incinerated. In Hell, Uberti rose from his tomb from the waist up to speak with Dante. Historical Figures Continued

3. Cavalcante dei Cavalcanti - the father-in-law of Uberti. He was condemnded to Hell due to guilt by association with Uberti. However, it is ironic that Cavalcanti was condemned to Hell because Dante often referred to Cavalcanti's son as his best friend. This man lifted only his head from his tomb while conversing with Dante in the afterlife. He and Uberti were in the same tomb. Other historical figures were present in the Sixth Circle as well, including Frederick II, the Holy Roman Emperor who was excommunicated twice because he also claimed to be pope. Some Muslims were also present in the Sixth Circle of Hell because they did not believe in Christ. In addition, Pope Anastasius II was also here. What creatures from mythology are present in this circle?
Medusa - a woman from Greek mythology. She was infamous because anyone who looked directly at her would be turned to stone. Such was the same in Hell. Sinners were frozen for eternity as stone if they gazed into her devilish eyes. Mythological creatures continued

The Furies (Erinyes) - three sisters from Greek mythology who punished wrongdoers by driving them insane by means of torture. According to Dante's version of Hell, they eternally taunted and cursed sinners. Therefore, they led their victims to become deranged both historically and in Hell. Furthermore, they threatened to bring Medusa. So who were these Furies?

The three sisters, all of which were present in Dante's "City of Dis," were:
Megaera
Alecto
Tisiphone You are now exiting the Sixth Circle of Hell. We hope you have enjoyed your tour. We recommend that you avoid heresy at all costs so that you are not condemned here as well. THE END.
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