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Introduction to Model UN

The UN System, format and flow of MUN Debate, Documentation, Winning and Preparation

Ehab Ansari

on 31 August 2013

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Transcript of Introduction to Model UN

6 Main Organs of the United Nations:
1. General Assembly
2. Security Council
3. Economic and Social Council
5. Trusteeship Council
4. International Court of Justice
6. Secretariat
General Assembly is the main deliberative body
of the United Nations.
The GA is composed of all member states,
each state has one vote
1st Committee: Disarmament & International Security (DISEC)
2nd Committee: Economic and Financial (ECOFIN)
3rd Committee: Social, Humanitarian, and Cultural (SOCHUM)
4th Committee: Special Political Decolonization (SPECPOL)
5th Committee: Administrative and Budgetary
6th Committee: Legal
Comprised of:
14 Specialized Agencies
10 Functional Commissions
5 Regional Commissions
11 UN Funds and Programmes
54 member governments elected by the GA and rotates every 3-years
terms allotted based on geographic location
15 Members:
5 Permanent
10 rotating Non-Permanent
P-5: China, France, Russian Federation, the United Kingdom, and the United States
Maintain International Peace and Security
Power to Authorize economic, diplomatic, and military sanctions
Model UN Rules of Procedure
Model UN follows Parliamentary Procedure
Parliamentary Procedure is believed to have originated in the House of Commons in the United Kingdom's Parliament (hence the name).
Chair states: "The first order of business is setting the agenda."
There is a motion required to start this process
There will be 2 speakers for and 2 speakers against the topic, followed by a majority vote.
If NO ONE speaks against the topic, it is automatically set.
Specialized Agencies:
International Labor Organization
Food and Agriculture Organization
United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization
World Health Organization
World Bank
International Monetary Fund
United Nations Children's Fund
United Nations Development Programme
Functional Commissions:
UN Commission on Social Development
Commission on Science and Technology for Development
Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice
Regional Commissions:
Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean
Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia
The United Nations System
The ICJ is the judiciary body of the United Nations.
It settles disputes submitted by nations
It gives advisory opinions to cases submitted by international organizations
Judges are elected by the General Assembly and the Security Council to serve 9 year terms.
Established to administer to the trust territories to ensure international stability of League of Nations mandates*
Currently, the Trusteeship Council has suspended all activity after Palau declared independence in 1994
*Past Trust Territories:
New Guinea
Togoland and Cameroon
Southwest Africa
Pacific Islands
Main administration hub for all
the organs of the UN
Runs the day-to-day activities and oversees all UN programs worldwide.
Summary: No comments are in order after yields have been made. No yields are in order after yields have been made
A Member who has been accorded the right to speak on a substantive
issue may yield time in one of the following manners:
1. Yield to the Chair
if the speaker does not desire to yield any remaining speech time to another member or to point(s) of information
2. To Questions
other members may ask points of information pertaining to the substance of the speech
The chair will count the speaker's answer(s) to the question(s) against the remaining speech time
3. To Another Member
if the speaker wishes to allocate any remaining time to another member state
The member that is yielded to may not make any additional yields
a) General:
After a topic has been chosen, one speakers list will be followed for all debate on the topic
Speakers may speak generally on the topic area being considered, or any proposal on the floor
A member-state may add its name to a list if it is not already on that list and if the list has not yet been closed
b) Recognition:
The Chair will call upon speakers in the order in which they are listed on the speakers list
No member may address a committee without having previously obtained permission from the chair
The Chair may call a speaker to order if the speaker's remarks are not relevant to the subject matter under discussion
c) Closure:
If the speakers list has been exhausted, debate will immediately be considered closed and whatever votes are required will be taken
The United Nations was established on October 24, 1945 by 51 countries
Flow of Debate
Setting the Agenda
Debate and Lobbying
Working Papers
More Debate and Lobbying
Draft Resolutions Introduced
Vote on Draft Resolution
If Another Topic Left
What does that mean?
2) You need to be recognized to Speak
3) There is formal procedure for all activity
Activity related to the debate.
All other activity
Point of Parliamentary Inquiry
Point of Personal Privilege
Point of order
Speaker's List
Time limited debate on a specific issue
How do you propose it?
Voting will decide Which gets selected

Speaking Order when in MC
Suspend Parliamentary Procedure for a specified period
What does that mean?
Do all rules get suspended?
d) Yields:
What is the United Nations?
What is Model UN?
Simulation of the UN bodies and committees, and related IGOs
1) Countries
2) Committees
3) Topics
4) Diplomacy
But what does that mean?
4) Voting will commence at times
Simple Majority
2/3 Majority
Working Paper
Draft Resolution
A Working Paper is a collection of thoughts or ideas that a delegate or a group wants the committee to discuss.
Does not have to be written in UN format
Is acceptable generally after the first session
Usually implies some form of consensus
The final document of the Committee
Should be a replica of UN Resolutions, format wise
Preambulatory Clauses
Operative Clauses
Cannot be introduced until substantial debate has taken place
Needs to have signatories and authors (depending on conference)
Amendments are in order
So how do I win this?
No set recipe
Being a Good Diplomat
Public Speaking Skills
Lobbying and Garnering Support
Understanding the Topic Area
Representing Your Country's Policy
Innovative Solutions
Resilience and Versatility
Documentation Skills
By Who?!
But what happens to the other topic area?
1) Decorum!
Position Paper
Shouldn't be unrealistic or redundant
(end of Documents Section)
Now how do I prepare?
UN System
Past Operations of your Committee
Your Country
Background and Foreign Policy
Specific Stance related to the issue
Country's involvement and past action
Evidence and Statistics to help your position
Your country's importance in the debate
What if my country doesn't have a concrete stance?
"Sides in the Conflict"
Allies and Adversaries
Arguments made by countries
Potential for resolution
RSS Feeder
Facebook Feeds
Google Apps
Total Speaking Time
Individual Speaking Time
Full transcript