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A.P.E.S. - Writing Effective Short Answer Responses

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James Hart

on 13 April 2016

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Transcript of A.P.E.S. - Writing Effective Short Answer Responses

A.P.E.S. - Writing Effective Short Answer Responses
What is A.P.E.S. ?
A.P.E.S. is an organizational system and writing strategy. It is a great way to organize your response to class readings. With this checklist, you can be sure that you are constructing well organized responses to questions and truly answering the questions.

A.P.E.S. can also be used on longer assignments and in any class that requires reading (so ALL of them!)
How are we going to practice?
1. We are going to review the steps of A.P.E.S. (look at your handout)
2. We are going to review the question we need to answer.
3. We are going to read a short article together, identifying and annotating relevant information that will help us answer the question.
4. Using the organizational handout, you will each construct a response to the question, using A.P.E.S. and the annotated information.
A is for.... Answer
Answer the question by restating it as a complete sentence. This is the most important sentence.

Example:
Why was Mr. Hart angry with Tim?

Mr. Hart was angry with Tim because he didn't do his homework.


*The answer should never start with "I think", "Yes, because" or "In my opinion"
P is for... Proof
You cannot answer a question about a reading without providing proof. You want to use
textual evidence
, or a quote from the text. You want to be sure to find quotes that support your answer. In our class, you will cite sources using
MLA format.


Example:
Mr. Hart was mad at Tim because he didn't do his homework. In the article, Mr. Hart claimed that, "he had given Tim an extra chance to get his homework done, and he was upset that he still didn't get it done." (Hart 231).
MLA in-text Citation
Mr. Hart was mad at Tim because he didn't do his homework. In the article,
Mr. Hart claimed that, "he had given Tim an extra chance to get his homework done, and he was upset that he still didn't get it done." (Hart 231).

(Hart 231).
The period always goes at the END of the citation.
Last name of
the author or authors.
The page number where the quote was found.
E is for... Explain
Explain in a sentence or two how your quote relates to your answer. Use transitional words or phrases like, "as a result", "consequently" or "ultimately" to connect your quote to your explanation.
Mr. Hart was mad at Tim because he didn't do his homework. In the article, Mr. Hart claimed that, "he had given Tim an extra chance to get his homework done, and he was upset that he still didn't get it done." (Hart 231).
Ultimately, Mr. Hart felt betrayed that he had gone out of his way to help Tim, who only let him down again
.
S is for... Special Closing Statement
This is your opportunity to wrap up your thoughts and claims. A few notes:
Never use "In conclusion".
Avoid restateing what was already said.
Do not present new ideas or information.
Remained focused on the idea and avoid wandering.
Example
Mr. Hart was mad at Tim because he didn't do his homework. In the article, Mr. Hart claimed that, "he had given Tim an extra chance to get his homework done, and he was upset that he still didn't get it done." (Hart 231). Ultimately, Mr. Hart felt betrayed that he had gone out of his way to help Tim, who only let him down again.
Having given Tim an extra chance, Mr. Hart was angry that he did not take advantage of it and complete his assignment.
Let's Review
A
nswer the question.
P
rovide proof (textual evidence).
E
xplain how the proof relates to your answer.
S
um it all up.
Full transcript