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Honors Biology - Plant Cells Lab

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Sarah Manthe

on 24 October 2014

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Transcript of Honors Biology - Plant Cells Lab

Honors Biology - Plant Cells Lab
Honors Biology
Plant Cells Analogy
By : Sarah Manthe
sm6447
October 20, 2014

Plant Cell
Eukaryotic Cells
DNA housed in the Nucleus
"Bermuda Begins Cleaning up after Hurricane Gonzalo." Fox News. FOX News Network, 19 Oct. 2014. Web. 19 Oct. 2014. http://biology-pictures.blogspot.com/2011/12/plant-cell-diagram.html
Cell Membrane
Flashcards - Bio Vocab Flash Card 1 - Cell Wall Plasma Membrane | StudyBlue. Digital image. StudyBlue. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2014.https://www.studyblue.com/notes/note/n/bio-vocab-flash-card-1/deck/5818237
Definition - Thin semi-permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm of a cell
Function - Protector of the cell's interior integrity by selectively allowing or disallowing substances to enter and exit
~ Analogy ~
A country's immigration officials are like a cell membrane because it controls the immigration of people/things entering and exiting the city just as the cell membrane controls movement of items in and out of the cell through various pores
Nucleus
Sandhyarani, Ningthoujam. Cell Nucleus: Structure and Functions. Digital image. Buzzle. Buzzle.com, n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2014. http://www.buzzle.com/articles/cell-nucleus-structure-and-functions.html
Definition - Information and administrative center of the cell.
Function - Produces & stores proteins, RNA & chromatin; Exchanges DNA & RNA throughout cell & transports energy molecules through nuclear pores
~ Analogy ~
A country's goverment system
is like the cell's nucleus because it is usually
located in the center of the city, &
it allows all activity to occur in the county
just as the nucleus is the control center
of the cell, regulating all cell activity.
Works Cited
1. Sandhyarani, Ningthoujam. "Cell Nucleus: Structure and Functions." Buzzle. Buzzle.com, n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2014. http://www.buzzle.com/articles/cell-nucleus-structure-and-functions.html
2. "Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About Cell Membranes." About. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2014. http://biology.about.com/od/cellanatomy/ss/cell-membrane.htm
Ribosomes
Definition - organelles floating in the cytoplasm or attached to the endoplasmic reticulum; made of RNA & protein
Function - houses process of protein synthesis: amino acids combine to form protein
Molecular Expressions Cell Biology: Ribosomes. Digital image. Molecular Expressions Cell Biology: Ribosomes. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Oct. 2014. http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/cells/ribosomes/ribosomes.html

~ Analogy ~
Just as Ribosomes are attached to
the ER, and act as protein factories
that create the cells' building
materials, the industrial factories
create the products that build everything
that makes up our nation -- to the
materials responsible for the White
House to the paper that children
use in school everyday.
3. Molecular Expressions Cell Biology: Ribosomes. Digital image. Molecular Expressions Cell Biology: Ribosomes. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Oct. 2014. http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/cells/ribosomes/ribosomes.html
Smooth
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Rough and Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum. Digital image. Organelles. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2014. http://introducingorganelles.weebly.com/rough-and-smooth-endoplasmic-reticulum.html
4. Rough and Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum. Digital image. Organelles. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2014. http://introducingorganelles.weebly.com/rough-and-smooth-endoplasmic-reticulum.html
~ Analogy ~
Smooth ER is like a factory &
storehouse because it creates fats
and certain steroids as well as
processes & stores carbohydrates,
just as a factory creates, processes
& stores different products.
Rough
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Rough & Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum. Digital image. Organelles of a Eukaryotic Cell. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2014. http://thecellorganelles.weebly.com/rough--smooth-endoplasmic-reticulum.html
5. Rough & Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum. Digital image. Organelles of a Eukaryotic Cell. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2014. http://thecellorganelles.weebly.com/rough--smooth-endoplasmic-reticulum.html
Definition - folded sacks that are located in the cell's cytoplasm.
Function - "Factory" for Proteins - transports materials through the cell producing proteins in sacks
~ Analogy ~
Rough ER is like a factory
because it creates protein
sacks just as a factory
creates many different
products.
Definition - folded sacks that are located in the cell's cytoplasm.
Function - "Factory & Store House" for lipids and steroids
Gogli Apparatus
6. "Rough & Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum." Organelles of a Eukaryotic Cell. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2014. http://thecellorganelles.weebly.com/rough--smooth-endoplasmic-reticulum.html
Definition - A flattened, layered sac-like organelle in the Cytoplasm
Function - Modifier and Packager of proteins and carbohydrates.
Ribosomes, Lysosomes, Mitochondria, & Golgi Apparatus. Digital image. Organelles of a Eukaryotic Cell. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2014. http://thecellorganelles.weebly.com/ribosomes-lysosomes-mitochondria--golgi-apparatus.html
7. Ribosomes, Lysosomes, Mitochondria, & Golgi Apparatus. Digital image. Organelles of a Eukaryotic Cell. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2014. http://thecellorganelles.weebly.com/ribosomes-lysosomes-mitochondria--golgi-apparatus.html
~ Analogy ~
Gogli Apparatus is like a post office because it modifies & packages proteins and carbohydrates, just like a post office which packs and
sorts packages
Lysosomes
Definition - A sac-like stucture that is surrounded by a single membrane that contains very powerful digestive enzymes in the cytoplasm
Function - Breaks down dying cells, organelles, toxins and food particles.
The Cell Overview. Digital image. The Cell. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2014. http://www.biologycorner.com/bio1/notes_cell.html
8. The Cell Overview. Digital image. The Cell. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2014. http://www.biologycorner.com/bio1/notes_cell.html
~ Analogy ~
Lysosomes can be compared to the stomach, because it breaks down dying cells, organelles, & toxins and food particles just like the stomach breaks down food particles
Mitochondria
Mitochondria Stock Photos, Illustrations, and Vector Art. Digital image. Mitochondria Stock Photos, Mitochondria Stock Photography, Mitochondria Stock Images : Shutterstock.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2014. http://www.shutterstock.com/s/mitochondria/search.html
Definition - An organelle in the digestive system breaks them down nutrients, and creates molecules, rich in ATP for the cell.
Function - Causes chemical reactions to occur that transfer energy from organic compounds to ATP
~ Analogy ~
Mitochondria can be compared to an electric generator, because the cell provides broken down nutrients and gets ATP in return, while a person provides gas to an electric generator and gets electricity in return.
9. Mitochondria Stock Photos, Illustrations, and Vector Art. Digital image. Mitochondria Stock Photos, Mitochondria Stock Photography, Mitochondria Stock Images : Shutterstock.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2014. http://www.shutterstock.com/s/mitochondria/search.html
Nuclear Membrane
Definition - The double-layered membrane surrounding the nucleus of a eukaryotic cell, which separates the nucleoplasm from the cytoplasm.
Function - Monitors the substances entering and leaving the nucleus
Nuclear Envelope and AgingNuclear Structure. Digital image. Nuclear Envelope and Aging RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2014. http://flipper.diff.org/app/pathways/info/4981
~ Analogy ~
The nuclear membrane can compare to the
security at important events -- they control
who enters and leaves the event, just as the nuclear membrane monitors what
substances enter and leave the nucleus.
10. Nuclear Envelope and AgingNuclear Structure. Digital image. Nuclear Envelope and Aging RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2014. http://flipper.diff.org/app/pathways/info/4981
Cytoskeleton
faculty found SouthWest. Digital image. . N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2014. http://faculty.southwest.tn.edu/rburkett/Cell%20structure%20and%20function.htm
Definition - A series of inter-cellular proteins
containing structural components of: microfilaments, intermediate filaments, and microtubules .
(Essensially a skeleton for the cell)
Function - Mediates movement: helps the cell move within its environment and regulates the movement of the it's components.
11. faculty found SouthWest. Digital image. . N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2014. http://faculty.southwest.tn.edu/rburkett/Cell%20structure%20and%20function.htm
~ Analogy ~
A cell's cytoskeleton could be compared to tent poles which give the shape of a tent, just as the cytoskeleton gives a cell
it's structure.
Chromosomes
What Are Chromosomes? Digital image. - Pass My Exams: Easy Exam Revision Notes for GSCE Biology. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2014. http://www.passmyexams.co.uk/GCSE/biology/what-are-chromosomes.html
12. What Are Chromosomes? Digital image. - Pass My Exams: Easy Exam Revision Notes for GSCE Biology. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2014. http://www.passmyexams.co.uk/GCSE/biology/what-are-chromosomes.html
Definition - Structures of protein, DNA & RNA found in the nucleus that become strongly stained when colorful dyes are applied to them.
Function - Copies and distributes DNA
~ Analogy ~
Chromosomes can compare to a binder because it is a structure that holds
proteins in place with the structure called histones, just as a binder keeps documents in place.
Nucleolus
Highschool, Middletown. Nucleus, Nucleolus, Peroxisome. Digital image. Middletownhighschool.wikipages. N.p., 2010. Web. 20 Oct. 2014. https://middletownhighschool.wikispaces.com/2010-11+Nucleus,+Nucleolus,+Peroxisome
13. Highschool, Middletown. Nucleus, Nucleolus, Peroxisome. Digital image. Middletownhighschool.wikipages. N.p., 2010. Web. 20 Oct. 2014. https://middletownhighschool.wikispaces.com/2010-11+Nucleus,+Nucleolus,+Peroxisome
Definition - A round, small structure within the nucleus that's composed of protein & RNA.
Function - Site of RNA transcription and processing as well as ribosome assembly.
~ Analogy ~
The Nucleolus can compare to a factory because it produces and assembles ribosome components, just as a factory produces parts.
13. Highschool, Middletown. Nucleus, Nucleolus, Peroxisome. Digital image. Middletownhighschool.wikipages. N.p., 2010. Web. 20 Oct. 2014. https://middletownhighschool.wikispaces.com/2010-11+Nucleus,+Nucleolus,+Peroxisome
Cytoplasm
Definition - The lattice of delicate protein-rich strands. in a cell which lays between the nucleus and the outer membrane
Function - Supporter and interconnecter of the other "solid" structures/ organelles in the cytoplasm.
Cytoplasm. Digital image. In Breast Cancer Diagnosis. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2014. http://breast-cancer.ca/breast-cancer-terms/cytoplasm.htm
14. Cytoplasm. Digital image. In Breast Cancer Diagnosis. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2014. http://breast-cancer.ca/breast-cancer-terms/cytoplasm.htm
~ Analogy ~
The cyptoplasm keeps all the organelles in the nucleus in place, just as gravity keeps people in place -- on the ground.
Vacuoles
Vacuole. Digital image. Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 18 Oct. 2014. Web. 20 Oct. 2014. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vacuole
Definition - Large storage membrane of waste products and nutrients
Function - Supporter and interconnecter of the other "solid" structures/ organelles in the cytoplasm and holds the plants water and nutrients.
~ Analogy ~
Vacuoles can compare to a storage house because they store water and waste for the cell, just as a storage house stores various items


Chloroplast

Photosynthesis. Digital image. - Perfection in Nature. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2014.http://www.nature-education.org/photosynthesis.html
Definition - Organelles found in plant cells
and Eukaryotic algae
Function - Conduct photosynthesis & produce
food for the plant
~ Analogy ~
Chloroplasts can be compared to solar panels, because they convert sunlight into nutrients for plants, just as solar panels convert sunlight into usable energy.
15. Photosynthesis. Digital image. - Perfection in Nature. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2014.http://www.nature-education.org/photosynthesis.html
Cell Wall
Definition - Large storage membrane of waste products and nutrients that is usually a flexible - but sometimes fairly rigid - layer that surrounds some types of cells.
Function - Protects and provides the cell with a more sturdy and consistent shape as well as filters and compresses the water in the cell
Untitled Document. Digital image. Untitled Document. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2014. http://ed101.bu.edu/StudentDoc/Archives/fall03/dricard/structurespage.html
~ Analogy ~
A cell wall can be compared to how a beehive keeps the honey having a shape inside, just as a cell wall keeps the water inside, having a shape.
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