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grade 11-battles of WWII (battle of Tunisia)

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on 14 November 2012

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Transcript of grade 11-battles of WWII (battle of Tunisia)

Battle Of Tunisia The Tunisia Campaign (also known as the Battle of Tunisia) was a series of battles that took place in Tunisia during the North African Campaign of the Second World War, between Axis and Allied forces. The Allies consisted of British Imperial Forces, including Polish and Greek contingents, with American and French corps. The battle opened with initial success by the German and Italian forces, but the massive supply and numerical superiority of the Allies led to the Axis's complete defeat. Over 230,000 German and Italian troops were taken as prisoners of war, including most of the Afrika Korps. The battle of Tunisia was fought between the allied and the axis

The allied forces consisted of British Imperial Forces and American and French corps

The axis consisted of Italian and German troops

Allied forces had over 15,000 men, 176 tanks, 131 artillery pieces, 1,152 vehicles, and 13,000 tons of supplies.

The Axis military numbers are
unknown for this battle the battle of tunisia was mostly fought in tanks Charles R. Anderson, Tunisia, 3 October 2003, <http://www.history.army.mil/brochures/tunisia/tunisia.htm> 10 11 2012

Randall Bytwerk, The End of the Battle in Tunisia,2008, <http://www.calvin.edu/academic/cas/gpa/rsi61.htm> 10 11 2012
Although British and American forces have won many battles in the Mediterranean and gained many footholds in the process, Tunisia offered a way to access Italy and southern Europe

British forces in southern Europe desperately needed help at this time and taking Tunisia was the best way to get troops through to assist them Why? Who? What? The Tunisia Campaign (also known as
the Battle of Tunisia) was a series of
battles that took place in Tunisia during
the North African Campaign of the Second World War.
It is known as one of the greatest tank Battles in WWII. When? The Battle of Tunisia took place from November 17,1942 to May 13,1943. Where? Operation Torch In July 1942, the Allies agreed upon a proposed relatively small-scale amphibious operation to take over Tunisia, Morocco and Algeria and flank the axis forces

On November 8th, Operation Torch landed allied forces to the west of Tunisia in Algeria (at Oran and Algiers) and Morocco (at Casablanca) but failed to take Tunisia Run For Tunis Lieutenant-General Anderson had ordered the 36th infantry to travel eastward by sea to occupy the ports of Bougie, Philippeville and Bône and the airfield at Djedelli before advancing into Tunisia

Troops had to move quickly before the axis could set up a critical defence

Allies had available only two brigade groups and some additional armor and artillery

Tunisian officials were undecided on who's side to take but they did not close the airfields

Attack fails and 150 British men die End Game Lieutenant - General Anderson had received orders on April 12th from Alexander to prepare the large-scale attack, scheduled for April 22nd, to gain Tunis.

German transport aircraft were shot down between Sicily and Tunis.

British destroyers operating from Malta prevented axis marine supply and reinforcement or evacuation of Tunisia by sea. This was known as Operation Retribution

German-Italian forces had been pushed into a defensive line on the north-east coast of Tunis, attempting to protect their supply lines, but with little hope of continuing the battle for long. On the morning of 22 April 46th Division attacked on the IX Corps front creating a sufficient gap for 6th Armoured Division to pass through by nightfall

The final assault was launched at 0330 on 6 May by British IX Corps

Tunis was captured along with 230 000 prisoners of war. Bibliography
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