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European Exploration and Colonization

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Christopher Smith

on 9 September 2014

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Transcript of European Exploration and Colonization

European Exploration and Colonization
Final Destination
Location 2
Sir Walter Raleigh
Lord Baltimore
Jacques De Cartier
Guess my country
Traits:


Integrated economy (free trade)
Cultural diffusion
Increased awareness of the world as a whole (internet)


- the process of becoming worldwide in scope and application

What does it mean?

Globalization

“Step Into the Picture: How does this image represent globalization?”

Globalization Begins
Christopher Columbus
(1451-1506)
-Found support from the Spain Crown to find a quicker route to Asia
- Increase trade
- Spread Catholic Religion
-First to find route


Spanish Influences
The West Indies (Americas)
The Bahamas
-October 12, 1492
-Southeast Asia.... The Bahamas
-First settlement in "New World"
Columbus Experiences (Americas)
-Made Four Journeys Total

-Never found a new route to Asia

King and Queen stop funding him when they
learned he was enslaving and killing Native people (Tainos)
Journeys Outcomes
PLIGHT OF THE
TAINO PEOPLE
-POPULATION: 8 MILLION (1492)

CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS
-ENSLAVED, TORTURED, MURDERED
-POPULATION: 3 MILLION (1496)

"They brought us parrots and balls
of cotton and spears and many other things... They would make fine..
servents... with fifty men we could
subjugate them all and make them do whatever we want."

- Christopher Columbus



What did you learn about Christopher Columbus and Spanish Exploration that you didn't know?

Spanish Colonization
-Spanish Conquerors where given land grants with came with ownership of all that inhabitants on the land including Native American
French Exploration
Jacques De Cartier
Samuel De Champlain
Sieur De La Salle
King Frances I sought a short Northern
route to China
French Claims in America
-Canada, Great Lakes, Mississippi River,
Louisiana and most important New Orleans
Treatment of Natives: Integration, lived among the Native Americans, viewed Native Americans as economic partners in the fur-trade(most valuable export
In the history of the United States, the Era of Exploration and Colonization was the time when –
Early Americans explored South and Central America
Spain searched for gold and established settlements in the New World
Native Americans established settlements in Europe
English colonists protested taxation without representation

Checking For Understanding

Reason for French failure in America
-Indifferent political support
-Limited financial support
-Cold inhospitable land
-Crown enforced fur-trade monopolies
prevented economic growth
Checking for Understanding
Early European explorers who came to the "New World" were looking for a Northwest Passage in order to--
A. prove the world was round
B. improve trade with Native American Indians
C. explore the Great Lakes
D. find a shorter water-route to Asia
Why did the King and queen of Spain Stop Funding
Christopher Columbus Exploration?
A. The King and Queen didn't have the financial support of the citizens of Spain
B. The King and Queen stop funding him when they learned he was enslaving and killing the Tainos
C. Christopher Columbus found financial support from the King of France
D. All of the above
Analyze this, What do you notice ?
Marco Polo's Writings
-Wrote about his experience in China, which his writing encourage trade.
-Marco experience the Chinese culture

In the history of the United States, the Era of Exploration and Colonization was the time when-
A. Early Americans explored South and Central America

B. Spain searched for gold and established settlements in the New World

C. Native Americans established settlements in Europe

D. English colonists protested taxation without representation
English Exploration and Colonization

Identify two similarities and two differences in Spanish and French exploration and colonization.

Demonstration of Learning
Cultural Diffusion
"Slave Trade"
The forced removal of Africans
European traders began bringing Africans to America for slave labor in the early 1500s

African Diaspora

A Spanish fleet of ships created to defeat England
Disastrous failure

Spanish Armada

Triangular Trade
The deliberate and systematic destruction of an ethnic, race, religious or national group.

The Holocaust
The name of the voyage slave ships took from Africa to the Americas
The “middle” leg of the Triangular Trade

Middle Passage

The “shrinking of the world”
Increased cross-border trade and investments
Cultural exchange
Increased consciousness of the world as a whole

What is Globalization ?
Taino Documentary(Lost History:Rediscovering the Taino People
The Reasons for European Exploration
-Growth of trade
-Advance
technology
-Profit, wealth,
& power
-Religious and cultural influence
Prince Henry the Navigator
-Sponsored the explorations
-Developed a new ship
-Create a navigation school
Full transcript