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K + 12

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Rizza Samson

on 11 April 2013

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Transcript of K + 12

Prepared by Rizza C. Samson 1. To explain the strong need for teachers to have a clear understanding of human growth, development and learning

2. To describe how the different research methods are supplied in the study of human growth, development and learning Instruction is a crucial factor in the teaching-learning process”


- Mastery of the subject matter

- Efficient use of instructional materials – Effective

- Understanding of the aspects of human growth and development
The teacher’s competence is manifested in his ability

1. Identify the needs of the child
2. Recognize his potentials
3. Harness them
4. and Adjust instruction according to the child’s abilities
Human development is the scientific study of the quantitative and qualitative ways by which people change over time.

Quantitative Change = GROWTH
- Change in height, weight and proportion
- These changes is known as physical growth
- Changes in the number of something such as height, weight or size of vocabulary

Qualitative = DEVELOPMENT
Increase in skills and complexity of function- Gradual and orderly unfolding of the characteristics- Changes occur as a result of maturation and experience- Changes in kind, structure or organization (person’s intelligence)

Two processes in the development that simultaneously takes place throughout life
1. GROWTH OR EVOLUTION
2. ATROPHY OR INVOLUTION
The distinction between quantitative and qualitative change can be seen in the area of memory development.
Maturation = natural process
Learning = Modification of behavior that results from practice and experience
1. Non experimental Methods
(Case studies, Naturalistic observations , Clinical Studies, Interviews and Cor relational Studies Teaching and Learning Process Case Studies

- as studies of a single case or individual life

- Earliest info about an infants development comes from baby biographies, journals kept by parents to record changes in the development of their children.

- Baby Bio graphics Naturalistic Observations + Clinical Studies +

combines observation with flexible, individulized questioning.

Piaget developed this method to find out how children think

He explored individual children's responses to his questions by asking them follow up questions to gain insight into the ways their minds worked

+ Cor relational Studies +

Show the direction and magnitude of a relationship between variables, that is, they can tell us whether two variables are related positively or negatively

Researchers observe and record people's behavior in their real life settings (such as preschools or nursing rooms)

- do not attempt to explain behavior or to determine its causes and effects. 2. Experimental Methods

An experiment is a rigorously controlled procedure in which the investigator, called the experimenter, manipulates variables to determine how one affects another

To conduct an experiment
2 types of groups of subjects are needed:

one or more experimental groups
one or more control groups. TYPE OF EXPERIMENT

lABORATORY EXPERIMENTS - BROUGHT INTO A LABORATORY SETTING AND IS SUBJECTED TO CONDITIONS THAT ARE UNDER THE EXPERIMENTER'S CONTROL


FIELD EXPERIMENTS - THE EXPERIMENTERS INTRODUCE A CHANGE IN A SETTING FAMILAIR TO THE SUBJECT, LIKE THE SCHOOL OR THE HOME.


NATURAL EXPERIMENTS- COMPARES PEOPLE WHO HAVE BEEN ACCIDENTALLY DIVIDED INTO separate GROUPS BY CIRCUMSTANCES OF LIFE - ONE GROUP WHICH WAS EXPOSED TO SOME NATURALLY occurring EVENT AND ANOTHER GROUP WHICH WAS NOT METHODS OF DATA COLLECTION Objectives Introduction A. Importance of Human Growth, Development and Learning

“Life is a changing process” What is your task as a teacher? Aspects of development

1. Physical development

2. Intellectual Development

3. Personality and Social Development

4. Moral Development

5. Spiritual Development Research Methods

Researchers in different branches of the Physical and social sciences use different methods.
But the term scientific method refers to certain, underlying principles that characterize inquiry in any field , careful observation and recording for data, testing all alternative hypotheses, or diff. explanations for the data: and widespread public dissemination of findings and conclusions so that other observers can learn from, analyze, repeat and build on the results








1. CROSS - SECTIONAL STUDIES

2. LONGITUDINAL STUDIES

3. Sequential STUDIES
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