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Robespierre and The Reign of Terror
Transcript of Robespierre and The Reign of Terror
By: Sara Snyder
How did it Happen?
September 1793 until July 1794
The Reign of Terror
Over 16,000 people were guillotined and numerous more were killed throughout the country.
How Did it Begin?
After the queen and king were thrown in prison, France was declared a republic.
July 27: Maximilien Robespierre, “The Incorruptible,” came to power under the Committee of Public Safety.
Under the guise of purging the country of internal enemies, Robespierre headed the executions of thousands of men. Several historians note that as many as 40,000 accused prisoners may have also been summarily executed
September 5: The Convention, pressured by Parisians, began
, a systematic execution of internal enemies.
September 17: The
Law of Suspects
was passed. This allowed counterrevo
lutionaries to be charged with obscurely defined crimes against liberty.
Those accused of treason were tried by the Committee’s Revolutionary Tribunal – often did not receive a fair trial or no trial at all.
Members of the Girondist political party tried to end the Reign of Terror initiated by the Jacobin political party and consequently were executed for treason.
Even Georges Danton, the leader of the Committee, wanted to end the executions, and he too was tried and executed. Thus, Robespierre became the leader.
He continued the executions, and the Convention came to blame Robespierre for the Reign of Terror.
Robespierre advocated in having a state religion ,and soon, a worship of “the deistic Supreme Being” had begun. This did not make the people happy
Also, by 1794, the war campaign had been successful, and the prolific executions were no longer considered necessary.
But Robespierre continued to have ultra-radicals and moderate Jacobins executed which ended his popularity and led to the
Robespierre and other members of the CPS were guillotined on July 28, 1794.
The new government was mostly made up of surviving Girondists. They took revenge by persecuting Jacobins, even if they had helped to overthrow Robespierre.
So basically if you are a counterrevolutionist...
*Maximilien de Robespierre
*Began career as fiery lawyer for the poor
*Greatly influenced by Rousseau -Supported equality of rights, universal suffrage and the establishment of a republic… believed in a socially responsible state
*Strong supporter of revolution – believed it was right for citizens to rebel against a corrupt government
*Believed that purges could be used to make citizens more “virtuous” – not only could citizens follow laws but they could be actively involved in the republic (this included punishing enemies)
The extravagant King Louis XVI
Committee Of Public Safety. N.d. Photograph. Fine Art AmericaWeb. 2 Feb 2014. <http://fineartamerica.com/featured/committee-of-public-safety-granger.html>.
Dodson, Antoine. We Gon' Find You. N.d. Photograph. PinterestWeb. 2 Feb 2014. <http://www.pinterest.com/kenishapetit/humor-we-gon-fin-you/>.
"It is dreadful but necessary". 1794. Photograph. Mt. HolyokeWeb. 2 Feb 2014. <https://www.mtholyoke.edu/courses/rschwart/hist255/kat_anna/terror.html>.
King Louis XVI . N.d. Painting. PUblic Broadcasting ServiceWeb. 2 Feb 2014. <http://pbsthisdayinhistory.tumblr.com/post/30033714585/august-23-1754-birth-of-king-louis-xvi-on-this>.
"Maximilien de Robespierre." Biography.com. A E Networks. Web. 2 Feb 2014. <http://www.biography.com/people/maximilien-de-robespierre-37422?page=2>.
Robespierre's Execution. N.d. Photograph. Marquette UniversityWeb. 2 Feb 2014. <http://academic.mu.edu/meissnerd/robespierre.htm>.