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The Beauty of Morocco
Transcript of The Beauty of Morocco
and cool in the winter. It is located in the
Mediterranean and Desert climate zones. However,
there is little rain and Morocco is considered a
"water-stressed" area. Morocco has the
deposit of phosphate.
Phosphate is used in
and detergents. Morrocco is located in North Western Africa, and it borders the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. There are four mountain ranges
in Morocco: the High Atlas,
the Middle Atlas, the Anti-Atlas,
and the Rif-Massif ranges. The
climate gets increasingly hot and
dry as it moves south, because of the
Sahara desert Most Moroccans are Muslim.
A few are Christian and Jewish.
Muslims pray five times a day, and
their holy day is Friday and they
make a pilgrimage to Makkah,
The oldest Muslim University in the world is "El Quaraouiyine", located in Fez, a city in North Morocco (founded in 859). The French tried to take over Morocco,
but the Moroccans resisted. Finally, the
French took over Morocco, but they
agreed to not rule everything and
not be too powerful. The French decided
to use indirect rule, keeping the
Moroccan sultan in place to carry out the
French's orders and laws. What was it like then? The lay of the land... What's it like now? Politics (the Western Sahara Conflict) Economy Agriculture makes up most of the economy in Morocco. Other industries are leather works, textiles, and food processing.
Some problems that the economy faces are high unemployment and illiteracy. Social Life Casablanca Moroccan social life centers on the extended family, and it is a source of honor for the members. Most Moroccans live in apartments, but some wealthier Moroccans choose to live in spacious villas. Popular foods are beef, chicken, and couscous. The national sport is soccer.
Morocco is the world's third largest
consumer of tea, each person driking about
1.4 kilograms a year. Casablanca is Morocco's largest city and the largest port in North Africa. It was a strategic port during WWII, when Winston Churchill and Franklin Roosevelt met there to disscuss the progress of the war. A movie was made in 1942, and it talked about the colonial period of Casablanca. Independence The traditional Moroccan sultan
pleaded for independence from
France many times, but in 1956,
he succeeded. Morocco was one
of the nations that were able to
gain independence peacefully. His Majesty, The King Alaouite Dynasty is the name of the current Moroccan royal family.
Mohammed VI, succeeded to the throne in 1999. "Mohammed VI, has vigorously pursued policies that project a moderate image, that liberalize the economy, and that reject radical Islam." (The Economist Magazine.) Government Morocco is a constitutional democratic and social monarchy. Freedom of speech and human rights are largely guaranteed but no one is in position to question his majesty, the king Mohammed VI. In 1884, Spain claimed a protectorate over the Western Sahara.
In 1975, Morocco has recovered the sahara through the green march (350 000 people).
Algeria created refugee camps (Moroccan prisoners of war) at tindouf and a polisario (Sahrawi rebel national liberation movement). Lalla Salma, first wife of a Moroccan ruler to have been publicly acknowledged and given a royal title. Culture & Traditions Traditional costume Kaftan, is the original Moroccan dress. It can be casual to extremely formal (similar to a western dress) depending on the materials used. They can be worn at dinner parties, baby showers, engagement parties and weddings.
Djellaba, robe for men or women.
Belgha (babouche), traditional shoes.
Tarbouch, red hat for men. Moroccan Cuisine Couscous
Tajine Traditional Wedding The wedding process can take up to seven days and there are many pre-wedding ceremonies that take place before the actual wedding. Languages Berber dialects
French (second unofficial language) often the language of business, government, and diplomacy
Spanish Exotic Architecture Moroccan handcraft The oldest architecture in Morocco includes ancient fortified citadels (kasbahs) and villages (ksars), mostly located in and around the Atlas Mountains. Mosaic: Traditional stonework
Pottery By Loubna Chraibi