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How laws are created and passed in Canda
Transcript of How laws are created and passed in Canda
2) Private Members Bill
- Bills introduced by members of legislative assemblies who are not cabinet ministers, party leaders, or opposition. 2 Types of Bills Bill is introduced by an MP, Senator, or Private Member. The bill may be introduced in the House of Commons or the Senate. Introduction An MP or Senator proposes the bill by reading it aloud for the first time. Every member has a personal printed out copy of the bill. At this time, no debates are to be completed, the sole purpose of the first reading is for the bill to be introduced into Parliament. First Reading In this reading, the bill is open for debate. Post debate, the bill is voted on, and if it passes, it is sent to the Parliamentary Committee. The Committee Stage is a part of the Second Reading. Second Reading Committee Stage A Parliamentary Committee listens to witnesses, examines all clauses of the bill, and submits a report suggesting the bill be taken unchanged, with amendments, or that it be discarded. Citizens have a chance to be witnesses, and input their opinions about the bill. Report Stage Any further amendments on the bill are made. The bill is debated, and voted on once more. If it passes, the bill proceeds to the Third Reading. Third Reading One final debate is conducted and the bill is voted on for the last time in this House. Message If the bill is passed through the first House, it then proceeds to the second House where the process starts all over again. Senate The process of passing a bill begins all over again, starting from the first reading. The bill is read aloud, debated on, and then passed and becomes law or is discarded. Citizens may communicate with senators in this stage stating any concerns they may have regarding the bill. Royal Assent In order for a bill to become law it must be given Royal Assent. This is done by the Governor General (GG). The GG represents the Queen at a federal level, when she is absent, and fulfills duties on her behalf. The GG signs acts of Parliament to make them into law. Public Awareness Through media (news and newspapers) the public is kept up to date about any potential bills/laws , bills in process, and any new laws that have been made. The media is an essential tool that the government uses to communicate with the citizens of Canada. Executive Branch The Executive Branch consists of the judiciary (judges, courts, etc.). This branch is responsible for enforcing laws made by the Legislative Branch. Lobby Group An example of a Lobby Group is MADD (Mothers Against Drunk Driving). Their mission is "to stop impaired driving and to support victims of this violent crime". They push for more laws and strict punishment for drinking and driving. Bill 115 Bill 115 (Putting Students First Act) passed the third reading of Ontario's legislature on Tuesday, with 82 MPs voting 'yes' and 15 MPs voting 'no'. This act ensures that students will not be deprived of any learning opportunities. First Reading Ruby Dhalla, MP, introducing a bill into House of Commons in Ontario. The End! And that is how a bill becomes law!