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The Psychopathology of War

The psychological and psychosocial effects of combat on a soldier.
by

Lili Hodgins

on 2 December 2012

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Transcript of The Psychopathology of War

Common Disorders
Resulting from
Exposure to Combat The Psychopathologies of War
In a sample of approximately 3700 soldiers, who had returned from either Iraq or Afghanistan within the last few months, 28% met screening criteria for PTSD, major depression or generalized anxiety (as well as a significant association with the "misuse of alcohol").
(Hoge et. al 2004)

On any given night, 200,000 veterans are homeless and approximately 40% of homeless men are veterans and 45% suffer from mental illness. Half have substance abuse problems. (National Coalition for the Homeless, 2009) Some Statistics Major Depression

Combat Stress

PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder)

mTBI (mild traumatic brain injury)

Perpetrator Trauma

Substance Abuse Wounds of War Symptoms and Story Youtube "Concern about stigma [is] disproportionately greatest among those most in need of help" (Hoge et al. 2004) Why Aren't They Getting Help? The Veterans Association Hospitals provide care, and clinics are available throughout the nation, offering psychotherapy and other health services.
There are programs such as Pets for Vets and Horses for Heroes.

Studies show that there is a negative correlation between social and unit support and symptoms of PTSD and depression.

Pietrzark et al. (2010) found that "resilience fully mediated the association between unit support and PTSD and depressive symptoms and that post-deployment partially mediated the associations between PTSD, depressive symptoms and psycho social functioning". And Yet There Is Hope Britt & Castro (2007) found two particular reasons: References Societal Stigma Individuals indicated that they would "socially distance themselves" from those with a mental disorder, and saw those dealing with a mental disorder as "responsible" and felt "decreased pity and increased anger". Individual Stigma Individuals with a mental illness may "incorporate stigma into one's sense of self" and consequently, avoid admitting the need for treatment due to fear. http://www.americans-working-together.com/ Britt, T.M. & Castro, C.A. (2007). The Stigma of Mental Health Problems in the Military.
Military medicine 172(2) 157-161.

Hoge, C.W, Castro, C.A., Messer, S.C., McGurk, D., Cotting, D.I., & Koffman,
R.L.(2004). Combat Duty in Iraq and Afghnaistan, Mental Helath Problems, and
Barriers to Care. The new england journal of medicine 351(1).13-22.

MacNair, R.(2012)The Psychology of Nonkilling. Nonkilling Psychology. Honolulu.Center
for Global Nonkiling. pp. 85-103

National Coalition for Homeless Veterans, Providing reasonable estimates of
Homeless Veterans in America On Any Given Night in May, 1994, 1994. Available,
free, from the National Coalition for Homeless Veterans
www.nationalhomeless.org/factsheets/veterans.html

Rose, J. (2012) Combat Stress and PTSD. OEF/OIF Outreach Team.
dhhs.ne.gov/behavioral_health/Documents/Rose-PTSD.pdf

United States Department of Veteran Affairs. (2012).About Face
Documentary.http://www.ptsd.va.gov/
Full transcript