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Transcript of Photography

The Beginnings of Photography
Joseph Nicéphore Niépce
Mr. Niépce is credited for being one of the inventor of photography and for developing a process called heliography in 1825 which produced the longest surviving photograph of his time.
Louis Daguerre
He is credited to being one of the fathers of photography and for developing a new way to process photographs. He also invented the Daguerreotype, which was the first portable camera of it's time.
Daguerreotype Camera
The first portable camera of it's time, it was created by Louis Daguerre after he began working with Joseph Nicéphore Niépce in 1829.
Work Cited
Daguerreotype Process
The images produced from the Daguerreotype camera were usually only of still objects because the exposure time had to be a minimum of 10 minutes; anything moving would not be seen in the photograph at all.
The person may choose to get their degree online or in a school building. It is a very vigorous and time consuming field and it should be known that outside work must be done for the courses being taken.
The Modern World of Photography
Types of Degrees
A person may choose to pursue one of three types of degrees: a Bachelor of Arts (BA), a Bachelor of Fine Arts (BFA), or a Bachelor of Fine Arts with an Art History Emphasis (BFA-AH). More times than none people pursue a BA or BFA.
A BA is less intensive than a BFA and only requires 39-45 credit hours to graduate while a BFA requires 60 credit hours.
BFA's are considered as pre-professional degrees of study because the students pursue further study in an arts field after graduating
General/Mandatory Courses
For both a BA and a BFA: studio art foundation courses, an unpaid internship, upper level studio art courses, art history courses, and 4-6 studio art electives
Major Specific Courses
While obtaining a BFA the person must take 6 more upper level studio arts courses, 2 more studio arts electives, and 2 more art history electives than a person obtaining a BA.
Without the lens the light entering the camera would not be focused on the image being taken and the image may turn out blotchy. Within the lens there is an aperture which is a circular object that widens and closes allowing more or less light into the camera. The aperture also controls how focused the whole image will be and what the depth of focus for the camera will be.
Fashion Photography
The photographer must take into account that he or she is not only photographing the clothing but they are also photographing the human being. With this knowledge, the photographer must keep an eye on how the lighting and angles work to accentuate and not distort the models figure and the items being photographed with the person.The photographer may also be trying to capture the name of the brand more than the clothing its self.
Types of Jobs
Landscape Photography
As a landscape photographer, the person must able to capture the big picture while still showing the details that make the landscape unique. Understanding and using shadows and lighting at different times of the day can help accentuate the photograph and take it from being a mediocre image to an astonishing image.
Wildlife Photography
Wildlife photography is all about timing and patience. In order to obtain National Geographic worthy images, the photographer must exhibit his or her knowledge of their surroundings.
Action/Sports Photography
The hardest part about being a photographer that photographs action/sports is knowing when to take the shot and when to wait. This field is one of the best ways for a photographer to showcase their extensive skills of light and motion control.
Analog Camera
Animal Photography
Photographers who photograph animals always have to keep in mind that animals will rarely stay still even when the animal is trained. They must also make the most grotesque looking animals appear more ordinary unless instructed otherwise.
Just like the digital camera, the analog camera is the main part of equipment needed in order for the photographer to perform their job. The shutter is located in the body as well but the only difference is that it determines how long the film is exposed to the light outside light.
Architectural Photography
As a photojournalist, the photographer goes out into the world in order to report the news with only his or her camera. The photograph must contain enough detail for the viewer to understand and be engaged with with story but not contain too much chaos for the true meaning of the story to be skewed. The photographs produced are meant to get the viewer thinking and questioning the situation.
Medical Photography
This job is exactly what it sounds like, whether in the ER, the OR, or following the doctors and their staff through their days, the photographers capture the daily hustle and bustle of the hospital while making the profession seem powerful yet graceful.
Much like vehicle and photojournalistic photography, architectural photography requires a certain type of photographer who has the unique ability and skill set to as much detail as possible without making the photograph too congested. When photographing a home or another structure, the photographer must also make sure the image produced elicits the right emotion whether it be happiness, amazement, grief, etc.
Micro and Macro Photography
Micro and Macro photography both involve photographing subject that are very small. Micro photography is of subjects not seen by the human eye such as bacteria. Macro photography is of subjects that are small by nature like matchbox cars. When photographed,the subjects of macro photography are shown with great detail.
Vehicle Photography
This is a form of product photography in which the photographer shows off the most of the vehicle possible in one shot. The photograph must be sophisticated enough for the audience yet not too congested for a person to realize appreciate the photograph.Most of the time this type of photography showcases the exterior parts of the vehicle and then the features within the vehicle.
Wedding Photography
Wedding photographers are there to capture the special event for the couple to keep and see forever. This type of photography requires a good eye and a high skill set in order to produce unique and masterful photographs.
Travel photographers are paid to travel around the state, country, and world in order to capture scenes most average people wouldn't ever be able to personally see.
Travel Photography
Bailey, George. "30 Types of Photographers Exposed – Which One Are You?" 30 Types of Photographers Exposed. Photodoto, 23 Nov. 2012. Web. 06 Nov. 2013. <http://photodoto.com/types-of-photographers/>.
Hemphill, Jeffrey J. "Daguerre." Daguerre. Jeffrey J Hemphill, 2012. Web. 04 Nov. 2013. <http://www.geog.ucsb.edu/~jeff/115a/history/daguerre.html>.
Hemphill, Jeffrey J. "Joseph Nicephore Niepce." Joseph Nicephore Niepce. Jeffrey J Hemphill, 2012. Web. 04 Nov. 2013. <http://www.geog.ucsb.edu/~jeff/115a/history/niepce.html>.
Ingersoll, Geoffrey. "19 Images Show War Photographers Getting Wrecked During Clashes." Business Insider. Business Insider, Inc, 13 June 2013. Web. 07 Nov. 2013. <http://www.businessinsider.com/19-pictures-of-war-photographers-working-2013-6?op=1>.
McHugh, Sean. "Understanding Camera Lenses." Cambridge in Color. Cambridge in Color, 2013. Web. 07 Nov. 2013.
Nelson, Kenneth E. "A Thumbnail History of the Daguerreotype." The Daguerreian Society: A History of the Daguerreotype. The Daguerreian Society, 1996. Web. 05 Nov. 2013. <http://daguerre.org/resource/history/history.html>.
Ortega, Lisbeth, and Andrew Harlow. "Photojojo ♥s Tumblr!" Photojojo = Photography + Awesome. Lisbeth Ortega & Andrew Harlow., 2013. Web. 5 Nov. 2013. <http://tumblr.photojojo.com/>.
Outdoor Photographer Magazine. OutdoorPhotographer. Werner Publishing Corporation, 2013. Web. 05 Nov. 2013. <http://www.outdoorphotographer.com/>.
Saville, Matthew. "Which Equipment Is More Important: The Lighting, The Lens, or The Camera? |." SLR Lounge. SLR Lounge, Feb. 2013. Web. 07 Nov. 2013.
The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC. "Department of Art." The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill: 2013-2014 Undergraduate Bulletin. The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, 26 July 2013. Web. 06 Nov. 2013. <http://www.unc.edu/ugradbulletin/depts/art.html>.
The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. "Undergraduate Degree Options." The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill: Art Department. The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2012. Web. 07 Nov. 2013. <http://art.unc.edu/studio-art/undergraduate-programs/undergraduate-degree-ooptions/>.
War Photography
Just like the title says, this type of photography is all about photographers who insert themselves into war-zones in order to capture the event in real-time.
Underwater Photography
This type of photography requires a lot of patience and good timing in order to get a clear and presentable photograph. The photographs can be of scenes or of underwater life.
Digital Camera
Without this piece of equipment it would be impossible to produce the images or even do this job. The camera body is where the shutter is located. The shutter is like a curtain in the camera's body the determines how long the image is exposed to light.
The tripods are necessary for stabilizing the camera. The tripod would also help with panning (following an object as it moves across the scene). When the tripod is used it helps minimize errors caused by a persons motions. This means that the image won't be blurry because the person unintentionally moved the camera.
Memory Cards
For digital cameras, a memory card is the place where all of the images taken a stored. When a memory card is full it is important for a photographer to have a back up in so that they can complete their assignments. Memory cards can come in several different sizes which means they can hold a larger or smaller amount of photographs.
Battery Packs
One of the worst things that could happen to a photographer while they are photographing is that their batteries may die. Even though this can slow down the photographing process, this problem is easily fixed by replacing the battery pack with another one. Most if not all battery packs are rechargeable and this can be done over night.
If the photographer is working with an analog (film) camera they need to make sure they have enough film to get through their assignment. Just like the memory card, the film is where all of the photographs are stored for future processing. Rolls of film can come in different sizes. When the roll is purchased the box it comes in will indicate approximately how many pictures can be captured before a new one is needed.
There are two main fields a person may go into: Commercial and Personal Photography
Commercial: This type of photography is done for a company or person and there event or daily activities.
Personal: This type is exactly how it sounds, the photographer takes pictures for themselves and may keep them to display on their own or they may give them to a gallery.
Fields of Practice
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