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To Kill a Mockingbird Chapters Presentation
Transcript of To Kill a Mockingbird Chapters Presentation
Chapters 25, 26 & 27 By Emily Hasenfus and Laura Hickey Jem and Scout are lying in bed, as the summer is dwindling into fall, and she reviews the past few weeks. Jem taught Dill to swim the last two days he was in Maycomb. Dill had told her that one night as they were walking back from the creek they were swimming at, they saw Atticus and Calpurnia driving to Helen Robinson's house to tell her the news about Tom. After a bit of begging they were able to get a ride as long as they stayed in the car, but they were able to see what happened when they got there. Atticus sent Helen's son, Sam, to get his mother, then before Atticus gave her the news, she fainted on the concrete, and Atticus and Calpurnia carried her in. Cal stayed with her as Atticus took the boys home. Scout also thinks of the town. After about two days the town kind of forgets about the case. They gossip about the stereotypicalness of Tom attempting escape, but then drop the subject. The last word on it really was B. B. Underwood's obituary, where he directly relates Tom's death to the death of a songbird, which causes Scout to wonder why he would think that, when after all, Tom was given "due process of the law" and had been convicted by twelve honest men. Then she realizes, however, that the 'court' in men's hearts has always been an unjust one, that her father was fighting a case that had lost the moment it began. This leads her to remembering what Jem told her Bob Ewell said about Tom's death, that he'd gotten "one down and two more to go," but Jem says Mr. Ewell is just talking big, and not to tell Atticus. Chapter 25 Summary Scout contributes Jem's behavior to his phases of growing up
Atticus's behavior at Helen's house shows his comfortableness and sympathy to her family, and that he feels responsible
The trial dies out in Maycomb, and no one really seems that upset. It's more like a piece of gossip or a story
The town's inability to see Tom's side of the story and his reasons for his actions furthers their portrayed ignorance
The town acts like all blacks have a secret hidden dark side, as if most of the townsfolk do not, showing their hypocrisy
Mr. B. B. Underwood's obituary directly alludes Tom's death to the death of a songbird (Cough Cough, TO KILL A MOCKINGBIRD, cough cough.)
Scout realizes the case was doomed to lose, but her father tried his best
Chapter 25 Importance SIMILE: "Like a giant with a big foot just came along and stepped on her."
PERSONIFICATION: "Maycomb thought he was trying to.."
ALLUSION: "Through that English Channel of gossip."
METAPHOR: "Mr. Ewell was more hot gas than anything."
Discussion Questions: Why would Helen Robinson faint before she heard the news of her husband? Have you ever been in a situation where you knew something bad was going to happen, even before it happened?
Why does Mr. B.B. Underwood refer to Tom Robinson's death as the "death of a songbird?" How does this relate to the theme of the book? Chapter 25 Literary Devices School starts up again, and now Jem is in seventh grade in high school and Scout is in third grade of elementary school, and they don't see each other often. Scout must walk past the Radley place again, but is doesn't scare her anymore- she even regrets bothering him as a younger child, though she also has fond memories of the knot-hole gifts and still looks for him. Atticus lets on that he knew they were shot at years ago when Jem lost his pants. The summer's events become a kind of elephant in the room. Atticus is re-elected as state legislator. Scout's class does current events one day, and Cecil Jacobs does his on a newspaper article about Hitler. After the class discusses the article a bit, one kid asks why Hitler didn't like the Jews, but the teacher didn't know, as they "contributed to every society, [...] but have been persecuted throughout history." Scout goes home to ask Atticus if it was OK to hate Hitler, but she is unable to express to her feelings completely, so she seeks Jem's advice. When she compares it to the Robinson case, Jem becomes livid and tells her not to mention it. When Scout is confused about why Jem become angry, Atticus tells her Jem is just trying to forget. Chapter 26 Summary Scout is no longer afraid of the Radleys and looks back on her days of tormenting Boo as "childish," signifying her growing up. Jem also is growing up as he begins to participate in sports.
Atticus reveals he knew the whole time about Jem and Scout's trip to the Radley place years ago, queuing us in to his parenting methods
The teacher hates when the children read current events from The Grit Paper, thinking of it as the lower class newspaper, showing that the predujices of Maycomb are still prominent
Cecil Jacobs reads an article about the beginning of WW2, which informs us as to what time period setting the book is now in
Scout compares Hitler disliking the Jews to the prejudices of Maycomb, and she becomes confused because her teacher hates Hitler but also told Miss Crawford that Tom Robinson deserved his sentence the night of the trial
Jem's extreme rejection for talking about the courthouse shows his distaste for the outcome and his willingness to forget the trial
Discussion Question: How does WW2 relate to the prejudices of Maycomb? Why do you think the author mentioned this?
Chapter 26 Importance Chapter 26 Literary Devices SIMILE: "The events of the summer hung over us like smoke in a closed room."
ALLUSION: "Old Hitler.."-Adolf Hitler
ALLUSION: The article Cecil Jacobs reads is from the beginning of World War II
PERSONIFICATION: "Time was playing tricks on me"
Discussion Questions: What do you think of Scout's teacher? Does she reflect most people in Maycomb?
Why do you think Jem wants to forget the courthouse so badly? Chapter 27 Summary After October, things in Maycomb are settling down and returning back to it's usual, normal ways. There were only three significant events that happened in the town. The first being Bob Ewell got, then lost, his job, and blamed it on Atticus. The second thing to happen was that Judge Taylor's house was broken into Sunday morning, while he was reading, but the perpetrator ran off before he could find out who. The final occurrence involved Helen Robinson, who was given a job by Tom's former employer, Link Deas. At first is was hard for her, as she had to walk a long way to avoid the Ewell's house, but after a few confrontations with Mr. Deas, Bob left her be. Aunt Alexandra thinks that Bob Ewell has a grudge against eveyone in the trial, and caused these events out of spite. By the end of October things return to normal entirely. Only two changes really came about, the first being the removal of all NRA stickers, and the second being a prank on Ms. Tutti and Ms. Frutti on Halloween, where all the children put their furniture into their cellar. Also for Halloween, the Maycomb ladies organize an event including a play in which Scout is a pork, and a costume contest. The chapter ends as Scout and Jem leave to attend the play. The story is beginning to be directed away from the Robinson case, to focus on other matters, while keeping in mind the aftermath of the case (Bob Ewell's grudges)
The town returns to normal as Halloween approaches
Bob Ewell is shown to be malevolent by pestering and stalking Helen, as well as the possibility of breaking into Judge Taylor's home
Introduction of Ms. Tutti and Ms. Frutti (Sarah and Frances Barber)
Jem is the only one able to take Scout to her play, where she stars as a pork (I just love that. So much.)
The chapter ends with mystery Importance of Chapter 27 ALLUSION: Ladies Law
ALLUSION: "..if Atticus was a Radical"
ALLUSION/SIMILE: "as radical as Cotton Tom Heflin"
ALLUSION: NRA-National Recovery Act
METAPHOR: "ear trumpet so enormous that Jem declared it was a loudspeaker from one of those dog Victrolas"
SIMILE: "Stomped around like horses"
FORESHADOWING: "S'matter Aunty?" "Oh nothing, nothing. Somebody just walked over my grave"
FORESHADOWING:"Thus began our longest journey together"
Discussion Questions: What do you think will happen next chapter? Do you think Bob Ewell is the one who broke into Judge Taylor's house? Should Scout maybe have been a peanut? Why do you think this is Jem and Scout's 'longest journey together?' Do you think Bob Ewell will leave Helen alone for good?
Chapter 27 Literary Devices Defined Words Extra Words and Discussion Questions Discussion Questions Collards: a variety of kale; plant life
Spell: a period of a specific kind of weather
Florid: Reddish or Flowery
Clumped: To walk heavily; to clomp
Chunked: To chuck; To throw [pebbles]
Yarns: A Tale or Fable
Ad Astra per Aspera: Latin for "Through hardships to the stars", "A rough road leads to the stars" Weird Words Based off of what you have read so far, who do you consider to be 'Mockingbirds' in the book?
Why do you think the author called the play "Ad Astra per Aspera"? How does it's definition relate to the book?
How have Scout and Jem grown up? What lessons have they learned?
What do you think will happen to Boo Radley at the end of the book?
What do you think Aunt Alexandra's premonition was about? Discussion Questions Thanks for your time!