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Canadian Ecozones - MixedwoodPlains
Transcript of Canadian Ecozones - MixedwoodPlains
including the densely-populated region of southern Ontario. OTTAWA TORONTO MONTREAL The climate of the Mixedwood Plains is normally
warm to hot in the summers and cool winters.
The Great Lakes and Saint Lawrence River have
a significant impact on this ecozone in a major
North American storm belt. What happens is the
warm air fronts from the Gulf of Mexico and US
south and mid-west often collide with cold polar air masses, providing plenty precipitation.
Annually, the region obtains 720 to 1000 mm.
The temperature of the summer is about 22 degrees celsious in July in the southwestern zone. Winters are also much milder in the southwestern part. (southwestern zone is Ottawa, Toronto)
The climate in the mixedwood plains is prone to high changeable weather. CLIMATE VEGETATION In this ecozone there is the largest variety of hardwood species in Canada. The most common species that are found are sugar maple, American beech, basswood, yellow birch, butternut and white oak. There are also some
coniferous species that are found, for example, easter hemlock, eastern white-cedar, red pine and eastern white pine.
In the southern region of the ecozone, the combination of fertile soil and the favourable weather conditions which are mild has led to the expansion of several species of the Carlinian forest from the United States, among them are
the tulip-tree, cucumber-tree and Kentunky coffeetree.
Away from the mass variety of trees, there are several types of fauna and wildflowers in the Mixedwood plains. In whats left of the wetlands in the Mixedwood plains are home to several exotic plants. Clovers, golden rod's and wild raspberries are some common wild-flowers found in the Mixedwood plains LANDFORMS The Mixedwood Plains consists mostly of level plains and gently rolling hills, and contains about 9% of Canada’s land. A carbonate-rich Paleozoic bedrock underlies most of this ecozone, which consists of deep moraine, lacustrine, and marine/estuarine deposits. Glacial action and the Champlain Sea (which is now extinct) created thick moraine clay deposits. Mesozoic and Paleozoic sedimentary rock are contained under agricultural fields and urban centers.
The flat-lying St. Lawrence Lowlands specifically consist of limestone, shale, and sandstone. More than 6 000 drumlins are scattered throughout the ecozone’s southern stretches between lakes Huron, Ontario, and Erie. In fact, the four great lakes in the Mixedwood plains – Lakes Superior, Huron, Erie, and Ontario – contain about 20% of the world’s freshwater on their own. WILDLIFE The Mixedwood Plains consists of a large variety of animals of all sorts of species. A large amount of animals are found in the Mixedwood plains. Wildlife in this region varies from chipmunks, squirrels and raccoons from your neighbourhood to black bears, and deer you could find in the wild. In total, there are several hundreds of species of birds, fish, reptiles, and mammals in the Mixedwood plains.
Fish were one of the main reasons that lured our ancestors into this region. There are tons of wildlife swimming in the great lakes and nearby rivers.
There are also a variety of species of birds in this ecozone, most of them are seen in your own backyard but some can be extremely rare, birds of prey to be exact.
There are also a few species of reptiles and amphibians found in the zone but these are mostly found in moist areas so hardly any species roam into urban areas and disturb the inhabitants. BIRDS MAMMALS Amphibians and Reptiles A major city in the Mixedwood Plains' gross domestic product (GDP) is more than $40 billion. Its economy centres around two major sectors: government and high tech.
% of total GDP
Health and education
Finance, insurance, real estate
Primary (mainly rural output)
As a global technology centre, more than 1800 companies are involved in key sectors such as telecommunications, software, photonics, semiconductors, defense and security, life sciences, tourism, wireless technologies, film and video, multimedia, professional services and contact centres. The region also benefits from the entry of new sectors such as biophotonics, environmental technologies, electronic pay systems, and micro electromechanical systems (MEMS).
Mixedwood Plains also is populated with 38% of Canada's population yet it is the smallest of all ecozones. ECONOMY http://www.canadiangeographic.ca/atlas/themes.aspx?id=mixedwood&sub=mixedwood_features_people&lang=En
http://www.ottawa.ca/public_consult/rideau_river/notice_en.shtml BIBLIOGRAPHY ARTICLE The Rideau River Collector (RRC) is one of the oldest and largest sewers in the City of Ottawa. It serves a population of over 90,000 people and carries wastewater and stormwater flows from a drainage area of approximately 2,700 ha. The drainage area is located the former cities of Ottawa, Vanier and Rockcliffe Park.
The collector does not have sufficient capacity when large rainfall and snowmelt occur, which can result in basement flooding. In addition, the lack of capacity constrains development within the drainage area. hello