Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Conditional sentences

No description
by

ana zivkovic

on 28 August 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Conditional sentences

Conditional sentences
(if-clauses)

U engleskom jeziku postoje 4 tipa uslovnih (kondicionalnih) rečenica

nulti tip ( zero type)
prvi tip ( first type)
drugi tip (second type)
treći tip (third type)
zero type
If + present simple, present simple
Ovaj tip uslovnih rečenica se koristi kada je uslov uvek istinit odnosno kada se rezultat uvek ostvaruje (fizički zakoni, univerzalne istine)
"IF" možemo da zamenimo sa "WHEN"

If you
heat
ice, it
melts
. (Ako zagrevaš led, on se topi.)

If babies
are
hungry, they
cry
.(Ako su bebe gladne, one plaču.)

Snakes
bite
if they
are
scared.(Zmije ujedaju ako su uplašene.)
PRIMERI:
Kao što primećujete, u zadnjem primeru je obrnut redosled uslova i rezultata, tj. rečenica bi mogla da glasi i ovako:
If they are scared, snakes bite.

Snakes bite if they are scared.
Klikni ovde da provežbaš nulti tip uslovnih rečenica
http://www.perfect-english-grammar.com/support-files/conditionals_zero_form.pdf
FIRST TYPE
If + present simple , will + infinitive
Ovaj tip rečenica koristimo da objasnimo da
AKO
se ispuni uslov u sadašnjosti
ONDA ĆE
se desiti rezultat u budućnosti. Postoje realne šanse da se uslov ispuni.
PRIMERI:
If she invites me, I will go to her party. (Ako me pozove, ja ću otići na njenu žurku.)

If he doesn't study, he won't pass the test. (Ako ne uči, on neće položiti test.)

Redosled se može okrenuti a značenje će ostati isto!
I will go to her party if she invites me.
He won't pass the test if he doesn't study.
Ovde možete provežbati uslovne rečenice prvog tipa
second type
If + past simple , would + infinitive
Ovaj tip rečenica koristimo kada pričamo o nečemu u budućnosti što se verovatno neće ostvariti, ili o nečemu u sadašnjosti što je nemoguće. (Kada bi...onda bi...)
http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/if_clauses/type_1_statements.htm
PRIMERI:
If I
won
a million dollars, I
would travel
around the world.
(Kada bih osvojio milion dolara, ja bih išao na put oko sveta.)
What
would
you
do
if you
saw
Brad Pitt?
(Šta bi uradio kada bi video Bred Pita?)
Umesto modalnog glagola WOULD, moguće je staviti i modalne glagole COULD ili MIGHT.
If she had his phone number, she
could
call him.
If I won the lottery, I
might
give all the money to charity.
PAŽNJA!
U slučaju da je subjekat rečenice prvo lice "I" umesto WAS koristi se
WERE
.
If I
were
rich, I would give some money to charity.
If I was you, I would tell the truth.
Ovde provežbajte rečenice drugog tipa
http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/410/grammar/2cond1.htm
http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=3227
third type
If + past perfect , would have + past participle
Za govor o situacijama koje se nisu dogodile u prošlosti.
Često se koristi da bi se izrazila kritika ili žaljenje.
PRIMERI:

If you
had saved
your money, you
could have bought
a computer. (Da si bio uštedeo novac, mogao si tada da kupiš kompjuter.)

If we
had taken
a taxi, we
wouldn't have missed
the plane. ( Da smo uzeli taksi, ne bismo bili propustili avion.)

Ovde provežbajte rečenice iz trećeg tipa uslovnih rečenica
http://www.perfect-english-grammar.com/support-files/third_conditional_form.pdf
Full transcript