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The Regions of the United States
Transcript of The Regions of the United States
West Virginia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Texas, and Oklahoma are major coal, oil, and natural gas producers.
The aerospace industry, which develops aircraft, spacecraft, missiles, and satellites, is important to the area. It is centered in Cape Canaveral, Florida, with other facilities in Alabama and Texas.
The South is a major producer of textiles, or cloth, along with electrical equipment, computers, airplanes, and parts.
Service industries are also growing. Like the Northeast, the South has a rich history. Early U.S. leaders such as George Washington were Southerners.
In 1836 the Alamo in Texas was the site of a battle that rallied support for Texas’s independence from Mexico.
The secession of Southern states, followed by the Civil War, had a long-term effect on the South’s relations with the rest of the nation. The Northeast is known for its historic sites. Philadelphia is the home of Independence Hall and the Liberty Bell, symbols of the nation’s birth.
Boston is also steeped in early U.S. history.
New York City boasts the Statue of Liberty in its harbor and the Empire State Building at its center—both U.S. landmarks. The South has large rural areas.
A rural area is one that is not heavily populated. The South has a warm climate, rich soil, and lots of rain.
These resources have made farming a key part of the region’s economy.
Major crops include citrus, cotton, rice, tobacco, nuts, and soybeans.
Cattle ranching also thrives, especially in Texas. Population in the South has increased and become more diverse.
In the mid-1900s, retirees began moving to the region in record numbers.
States such as Florida also have many Latino and Haitian immigrants.
As a result of population growth, the South has gained a stronger voice in the nation’s government. Guiding Question: How has the geography of the Northeast influenced its economy? Why does it matter? People’s jobs and lifestyles are closely connected to the region of the country in which they live. After today's discussion you should be able to: 1. Name the 5 regions of the United States 2. List the factors defining the characteristics of each region 3. Identify similarities and differences between regions 4. Explain how the characteristics of each region affect the lives of people within that region Region - an area made up of places with similar characteristics that differ from other places around it 3 Types of Regions Formal - places grouped together based on shared characteristics Functional - a place surrounded by other places dependent on that place. (City - Suburbs) Perceptual - a place characterized by people's feelings and attitudes. Formal The Mississippi River basin Oklahoma Political Districts Functional Perceptual Smallest land area yet most densely populated
11 states are mostly urban or thickly settled
Two of its cities, New York and Philadelphia are 1st and 6Th in the nation in population
Early settlers had to find ways to adapt to the hilly terrain and rocky soil of the Northeast
The mountainous landscape, and cold winters were not ideal for farming.
Miles of coastline and rivers, however, provided resources for industries such as fishing, shipping, and trade.
Settlements grew into towns, and towns grew into cities. Today, the economy of the Northeast remains based on industry and trade.
Trade is the buying and selling of goods and services.
Services are jobs performed by one person for another.
Industries such as computers, communications, research, publishing, and chemical production are part of the urban economy of the Northeast.
The region also boasts cranberry bogs in Massachusetts, coal mines and timber in the Appalachian Mountains, farms in Pennsylvania and New York, maple syrup producers in Vermont, jewelry makers in Rhode Island, and naval shipyards in New Hampshire. The South also includes rapidly growing urban areas. Dallas, Houston, Atlanta, New Orleans, and Miami are busy port cities and business centers. The U.S. capital, Washington, D.C., lies between Maryland and Virginia. The Capitol and the White House are among the famous sites there. The Midwest The geography of the Midwest has been the most significant factor in the region's development. Its major physical features are: The great plains The Great Plains formed as a result of glaciation.
Glaciation is a process in which great sheets of ice move across the land.
As these ice sheets and glaciers moved through the Midwest they churned up the soil leaving a rich fertile field.
These fertile lands enabled settlers to grow several different crops such including wheat, corn, oats, soybeans, fruits, and vegetables.
The region is often referred to as the "breadbasket" of the US. The Great Lakes H O M E S S H uron ntario ichigan rie uperior The Gateway Arch The Midwest formed a crossroads for settlers heading west in the 1800s.
They bought supplies in St. Louis, Missouri, on the Mississippi River.
The famous Gateway Arch monument marks this historic westward movement.
Over time, manufacturing centers grew, aided by access to nearby coal and iron as well as shipping channels on the rivers and Great Lakes.
In the 1900s, cities such as Cleveland and Detroit produced steel and cars. Midwestern factories, especially those making steel and cars, fell on hard times during the latter part of the twentieth century.
The slump was partly due to factories moving to the South or to Mexico.
Because of the sharp decline in the economy and the loss of jobs, the region came to be called the Rust Belt. The Rust Belt The Interior West Diversity The people of the Interior West have diverse roots.
Native American groups like the Navajo and Apache lived here long before the United States was formed.
Spanish settlers arrived during the colonial period.
Latin Americans crossed the border from Mexico.
Settlers from the East headed west in the 1800s. Although the region is dry, irrigation allows farmers to grow cotton, alfalfa, and other crops.
Ranchers raise livestock. Lumbering and the mining of copper, iron, coal, and other minerals occur here.
The region’s natural resources also include oil and natural gas. While this region has fewer people than any other, it is home to some major cities.
Denver and Salt Lake City have become centers for technology.
Albuquerque and Phoenix have a thriving tourism industry.
The warm, dry climate of Arizona attracts retired Americans as well as visitors. The landscape of the Interior West is a study in contrast. The Rocky Mountains stretch high into the western sky While the Grand Canyon slices deep into the floor of the Earth Idaho features the lush twin lakes region While Arizona's Landscape is dominated by arid deserts. The Pacific States in this region share a common border The Pacific Ocean The climates and resources of the Pacific states vary.
The Northern states of Washington and Oregon have the most rain.
While California's climate is mostly mild.
The area is rich in natural resources such as gold, lead, and copper.
Industries vary from agriculture to technology, California produces more than half of the fruits and vegetables consumed in the United States, yet its Silicon Valley is ground zero for most of the technological advances that fueled the computer age.