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Copy of Chapter 6: The Sophist's World
Transcript of Copy of Chapter 6: The Sophist's World
Was Rizal a Doctor?
From Barcelona Rizal went to Madrid and enrolled in medicine at the Universidad Central de Madrid on November 3, 1882.
THE DIARIONG TAGALOG
On August 1, 1882 the Diariong Tagalog was founded, the first Philippine bilingual newspaper. This paper published nationalist and reformist articles.
The Circulo Hispano-Filipino
JOURNEY TO MADRID
On May 3, 1882 Jose Rizal secretly left the country aboard S.S. Salvadora. Only his brother Paciano, two sisters, and few close friends knew his secret departure.
1. When did Jose Rizal secretly left the country aboard S.S. Salvadora?
MAY 3, 1883
2. The first Philippine bilingual newspaper.
3. What is the meaning of "El Amor Patrio"?
LOVE OF COUNTRY or PATRIOTISM
4. What organization Rizal became a part of it during his first year in Madrid?
5. A newspaper aimed at expressing
thoughts about the abusive Spanish
REVISTA del CIRCULO
When he reached Barcelona, Spain he came into contact with Filipinos who were plotting revolution. Barcelona was a rendezvous for radicals and revolutionaries. Not one of the desperate plans he heard appealed to him as having any hope of success. He had a definite mind, set in favor of education and against revolution at this period and during all his life. Barcelona left him surer than ever that, as he had written six years before education must give his country light before he could hope for more freedom.
Still he found time for more lessons in drawing and painting and studied languages under special teachers. Rizal studied painting and sculpture at the Academy of San Carlos and drawing at the Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando, Madrid.
Because of lack of funds, the paper ceased publication on October 31, 1882. In a short period after his arrival in Spain, Rizal wrote an essay “El Amor Patrio,” which means “love of country” or patriotism.
During his first year in Madrid, Rizal became part of a Filipino student organization known as Circulo Hispano-Filipino. The organization met regularly to discuss political issues. It was established in 1882 by a group of Filipino students in Madrid led by Juan Atayde, a Spaniard born in Manila and a military officer
Notable members of this organization includes:
Marcelo H. del Pilar
Graciano Lopez Jaena
The organization was able to publish the Revista del Circulo Hispano-Filipino, a newspaper aimed at expressing thoughts about the abusive Spanish government. However the publication was short-lived due to lack of funds and conflicting political issues, which led to the dissolution of the organization.
The Banquet Speech
In 1884 in Madrid, Juan Luna and Felix Resurrection Hidalgo won gold and silver prizes, respectively, during the national exhibition of fine arts.
At a victory banquet held on June 25, 1884 Jose Rizal gave a toast that made history.
“I drink to the health of Filipino youth, the sacred hope of my motherland. That they may imitate the precious examples of Luna and Hidalgo, who express their spirit of our social and moral; spiritual life; mankind to hard tests, unredeemed mankind; reason and aspiration for struggles against injustices… That Spain will implement soon the reforms. The furrow is ready and the ground is not sterile.”
After his speech Rizal found out that his family was worried about the impact of his "toast speech". And Paciano warned his brother
“You are the cause of her sickness and I’ll tell you why. About that time the talk here was the speech you delivered at the banquet in honor of the Filipino painters and commenting on it, there was one who asserted that you would be able to come back; some said that it would be desirable for you to remain there; others said that you have made enemies; there were those who asserted that you have lost friends; in short, all we unanimous in saying that it was not convenient for you to return here. These gratuitous suppositions were the ones that afflicted very much our mother and made her sick.”
As a result of this controversy, Jose decided to continue his education. he had planned for some time to study in Germany. But the family's economic condition and his own uncertainly about expenses prompted some indecision. in a brief span of time, he would earn the name "The First Filipino" for his pronouncements on Philippine nationalism.