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PL 8101 Presentation - Modern Multicultural Cities
Transcript of PL 8101 Presentation - Modern Multicultural Cities
Diversity in religion, language, ethnicity, generation
Melting Pot Cities and Suburbs: Racial and Ethnic Change in Metro American in the 2000s by W. Frey
American cities are increasingly more 'majority minority' and visible minorities are increasingly settling in previously white-dominated suburbs
Becoming an Immigrant City: A History of Immigration into Toronto since the Second World War by Harold Troper
"If Toronto does not have an official role in determining immigration policy, immigration policy determines much about Toronto"
How Exceptional is New York? Migration and Multiculturalism in the Empire City by Nancy Foner
"City as context"
"A world where being from 'somewhere else' is the norm... Ethnic diversity is the expectation in New York". Readings What makes multiculturalism look the way it does in a city?
Is it intentional?
Is it replicable?
Consider the role of the planner... SimplyMap. Data: StatsCan 2006 Census. SimplyMap. Data: StatsCan 2006 Census. SimplyMap. Data: StatsCan 2006 Census. SimplyMap. Data: StatsCan 2006 Census. SimplyMap. Data: StatsCan 2006 Census. SimplyMap. Data: StatsCan 2006 Census. SimplyMap. Data: StatsCan 2006 Census. SimplyMap. Data: StatsCan 2006 Census. SimplyMap. Data: StatsCan 2006 Census. Photos: Station 20 West & Quint Development Corp.
http://station20west.org/ Photo: City of Saskatoon City Planning Dept.
http://philllap.blogspot.ca/ Prairie Cities Edmonton Saskatoon Do you think this is viable or replicable?
Is the answer a Diversity Action Plan?
Does Markham represent a demographic microcosm of Canadian society and multiculturalism in Canada? Is it a good representation? -- As Frey suggests is the case in the metropolitan suburbs of the United States Building a Better Suburb: Markham’s Diversity Action Plan Visible minority characteristics in Markham from total visible minority population (n=170,535) (Statistics Canada, 2008d). Census Tracts with more than 50% of residents identifying as visible minority (Data source: Statistics Canada, 2008d) Why Markham? Percentage of population identifying as a visible minority in Municipalities in the Toronto Census Metropolitan Area [Data source: Statistics Canada, 2008c] The Suburbs: The Gateway to Canada
City of Markham Case Study What are the Issues? Markham By 2017, it is expected that more than one Canadian in five will be foreign-born
Proportion of foreign-born among the Canadian population, 1901-2017
(Statistics Canada, 2008)
Multiculturalism in Canada: Demographics Multiculturalism in Canada: Demographics By 2017, it is expected that approximately 20% of the Canadian population will belong to a visible minority group
Number and proportion of visible minority population in Canada, 1981-2007
(Statistics Canada, 2007) Recent immigrants live in large metropolitan centres
Immigrants by period of immigration and Canadian-born - place of residence (% distribution)
(Statistics Canada, 2001) Immigrants made up one-fifth of the population in Toronto and Vancouver, and one-fiftieth of Canada's population in 2001
Immigrants by period of immigration and Canadian-born - share of population, by place of residence
(Statistics Canada, 2001) Arriving immigrants are now more concentrated in suburbs. Vancouver Foundation Survey on Neighbourhood Ties & Connections – The Experience of New Immigrants The Issue Foreign-born residents account for 40% of Metro Vancouver`s population.
The 151,690 immigrants that moved to Metro Vancouver between 2001 and 2006 are responsible for more than half of the population increase during that time period. The Numbers – Immigration in Metro Vancouver “If you buy into this proposition [of restricting foreign ownership of real estate], you shut down serious debate about the need to increase supply through densification and changes to zoning regulations, to say nothing of what kind of city we all want to live in. Together.”
-Allen Garr, “Blaming Chinese for high house prices in Vancouver is racist”. [Vancouver Courier, April 5, 2012] The “real issue” of affordability: housing stock
Mayor’s Task Force on Housing Affordability
Rezoning in transit corridors 52% “Double TransLink’s current residential property tax rates. But at the same time, create a homeowner grant that rebates 50 per cent of the TransLink tax. Like the homeowner grant on municipal property tax, the TransLink version would exclude second vacation homes and disqualify owners who aren’t Canadian citizens or landed immigrants. Most working folks would notice no difference.” “tax foreign real estate investors at business rates (18 per cent) not residential rates (4.2 per cent). It may not dramatically limit foreign investing but at least they’d pay more into municipal coffers.”
- Mark Hasiuk, “Vancouver Realtors cater to wealthy offshore Chinese as middle class gets squeezed.” Vancouver Courier. April 3, 2012 “most observers attribute the recent big surge to overseas investors, especially uber-rich mainland Chinese.”
- Peter Ladner (Former City Councillor) The Myth:
“Chinese investor class citizens” Vancouver Port City Suburban Enclave •Is it sufficient for Vancouver to be a port city and destination for immigration? What does the Vancouver example teach us about the requirements of a multicultural city?
•Fernando Mata claims that “population configurations in combination with profiles of the economies of these regions themselves provide a broad background for a variety of integration related issues.” What can we say about the impact of economic factors on social cohesion in Vancouver?
•Are planners and the City doing enough to promote social cohesion around housing affordability?