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China

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on 1 September 2015

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Transcript of China

China
Government
- ordered the burning of books about past dynasties
- his tight control allowed him to conscript massive labor forces
- allowed him to construct ambitious projects like the Great Wall of China
Social Hierarchy
Culture
A big part of the chinese culture is religion such as Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism.
Confucianism dominated political and social structure
Inventions including water mills, paper, compasses, pottery, silk making, and a calender with 365.5
Buddhism appeared
Religions
by: Jamie Pleus, Sam Webb, Mickey Mcneamar, Sage Kruger, Ari Fitzhugh
600 BCE- 600 CE
Cities
Labor Systems
Military
Empire Stability, Instability,& Longevity
Daoism/Taoism
Resources

"The Government of Ancient China." Ancient China Government. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Aug. 2015.
Chiu, Lisa. "Daoism in China." About News. Web. 24 Aug. 2015.
Daoism was founded in 6th C. BC by Laozi ("Daoism in China")
Later was expanded upon by Zhuangzi ("Daoism in China")
The main religious text is The Way of Power and Virtue Scripture ("Chinese Taoism")

"Chinese Taoism." ChinaHighlights. Web. 24 Aug. 2015
Main philosophy is to accept the life you were given and live with accordance with The Way aka Dao/Tao ("AP World History Review")
Family based society
There was a large merchant class, merchants were the lower class
Some slavery, not as much as Rome
Patriarchal society reinforced by Confucian values that emphasized obedience of wife to husband
Inequality/Slaves
"The Military of Ancient China." Ancient Chinese Military. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Aug. 2015.
Zhou Dynasty: 1046 BCE to 256 BCE
A person learns how to live by the heart ("AP World History Review")
Daoism influenced Buddhism ("Chinese Taoism")
Try to prolong life any way possible ("Chinese Taoism")
In 184 BC Daoism grew in popularity ("Daoism Legalism")
Yin & Yang is an important symbol in Daoism ("Yin & Yang")
The Shang dynasty in china developed a written language of pictographs characters, which developed into ideographs
Art was Calligraphy, Poetry, Painting, Opera, and Puppetry

"AP World History Review #3: 600 BCE to 600 CE." Scholastic Whimsy,. Web. 25 Aug. 2015.


"Yin and Yang." Ancient History Encyclopedia. Web. 25 Aug. 2015
Religions
Confucianism
The first recorded Chinese military was between 2200 BCE - 1600 BCE
Qin Dyansty
First Chinese Empire (221-226 BCE)
Qin Shi Huang wielded absolute power over China; first man to control all of China
Confucianism was created in 551-479 BC ("Confucianism:...")
China was eventually united under one of the regional kings, Qin Shi Huang, who established the Qin Dynasty, a famous government of Ancient China
Main philosophy is kindness (Confucianism:..")
More a philosophy than a religion (Confucianism:...")
Confucius focused more on daily life than the after life (Confucianism:...)
"Confucianism: Definition, Beliefs & History - Video & Lesson Transcript | Study.com." Study.com. Web. 27 Aug. 2015.
Dominant religion during Han Dynasty ("UNIT 1...")
Government
Han Dynasty
China had a great need for power but China was surrounded by potential enemies.
"Culture of Early Civilizations: C. 5000 BCE - 600 BCE." <i>Culture of Early Civilizations: C. 5000 BCE - 600 BCE</i>. SoftSchools.com, n.d. Web. 27 Aug. 2015.
Politics also were dominated by Confucian ways ("UNIT 1...")
China started with just dogs pulling carts with supplies then quickly moved to horses
"UNIT I: FOUNDATIONS (8000 BCE TO 600 CE)." UNIT I: FOUNDATIONS (8000 BCE TO 600 CE). Web. 27 Aug. 2015.
The earliest chinese armies consisted of manly peasants armed with simple bows, spears, and stone maces.
Qin developed a system of bureaucracy
- divided his empire into 36 provinces, each had 2 government officials in charge of it
- provinces broke into smaller districts; people at all levels were paid well

"Ancient Chinese Art - Ancient China for Kids." Ancient Chinese Art - Ancient China for Kids. History For Kids, n.d. Web. 27 Aug. 2015.
Global I. Daoism Legalism Founder Government Teachings Religious Practices Nature of People (n.d.): n. pag. How Did Daoist and Legalist Views Differ? Global. Web.
Confucianism was compatible with other religions ("AP World History")
"Major Belief Systems." Web. 27 Aug. 2015.
"Qin Dynasty Ancient China for Kids." The Qin Dynasty. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Aug. 2015.
"The Chinese Han Dynasty Government System & Laws." Totally History Han Dynasty Government Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Aug. 2015.
Provided stability, order, and embraced by the Chinese government ("Major Belief Systems")
The Wu Hu people would rule most of Northern China from 428-589 ce. as the northern dynasties
Peasant revolutions became a hallmark of the end of a dynasty
221-267. The Great Wall unified. Government relocation of peasants provided
Trade
"AP World History." Javascript. Web. 27 Aug. 2015.
The Analects
is where Confucius wrote all of his
sayings/ideas ("600 B.C.E...")
"Classical 600 BCE-600 CE." Noor Khan's History Class. Web. 27 Aug. 2015.
Comprised of two periods, (Western and Eastern Han) the Han Dynasty was a product of rebellion that began after the death of the First Emperor
The Han Dynasty government was a combination of feudal structures and central bureaucracy
Lui Bang, was the head of the government
- responsible for creating laws
- served as the chief executive official
- heading the armed forces as its commander-in-chief
Han Dynasty's imperial government system was was patterned after the Qin Dynasty
Three councilors of state
- Chancellor over the masses, Imperial Counselor, and the Grand Commandment
- responsible for drafting the government budget, conduct discipline procedures for government officials, and command the military,
The local government was made of the province, comandery, county, and the district.
"Trade in Ancient China." Prezi.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Aug. 2015
Religions
Buddhism
"Zhou Dynasty." The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. Web. 14 Nov. 2014.
During 770-476 BCE the Dong (eastern) Zhou split into the Spring and Autumn (chuinqiu) period where china was divided into many small state
Buddhism began in India, but was introduced to China in the third century ("Buddhism in..")
"Buddhism in China." ChinaHighlights. Web. 27 Aug. 2015.
Lui Bang, Emperor (202-195 BCE)
China grew a plant that silk worms love to eat so they would manly trade different silks.
"Timeline of Chinese History and Dynasties | Asia for Educators | Columbia University." Timeline of Chinese History and Dynasties | Asia for Educators | Columbia University. Columbia University, 2009. Web. 27 Aug. 2015.
China was able to trade with India, West Asia, The Mediteranean, and Europe with the help of the Silk road.
Siddhartha Gautama started the religion in the fourth century ("Buddhsim in..")
Qin Dynasty ordered for the religion to be destroyed ("Buddhism in...")
Other trade items from China would be a variety of Jade, Porcelain, Ivory, and different gems and spices
Based on the Four Noble Truths ("Buddhism in...")
In 475-221 BCE these states began to consolidate into small kingdoms. One of the these kingdoms being the Qin (gave China it's name) conquered the other states and established the Qin Dynasty(221-207 BCE)
"Codification of Traditions: C. 600 BCE - 600 CE." Codification of Traditions: C. 600 BCE - 600 CE. Web. 27 Aug. 2015.
If the life that you live is remarkable than you will be accepted into Nirvana ("Codifications...")
The Tripitaka is the main religious text ("Buddhist texts")
"Buddhist Texts." Buddhist Texts. Web. 27 Aug. 2015.
There are three different sects to Buddhism ("Buddhist Sects")
"600 B.C.E." 600 B.C.E. Web. 27 Aug. 2015.
Worship no gods ("Do Buddhists...")
Ideas brought hierarchical society to an end ("Buddhism in")

"Buddhist Sects." Buddhist Sects. Web. 28 Aug. 2015.


"Do Buddhist Believe in God?" Do Buddhist Believe in God? Web. 28 Aug. 2015.


Han Dynasty
Song & Yuan Dynasty
Ming & Qing Dynasties
Zhou Dynasty
*End of Chinas bronze age*
Qin Dynasty
Full transcript