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Post-Modern Architecture

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Ian Yang

on 27 April 2015

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Transcript of Post-Modern Architecture

Historical Period
Post-Modern
Architecture

Robert Venturi
The New York Five
Peter
Michael
Charles
John
Richard
Got together for a CASE meeting in 1969
Strictly loyal to the "black and white" worldview, along with the abstraction, formalism, and purity of modernist principles
The book
Five Architects
(1972) set forth their allegiance to serious modernist theories
Complexity and Contradiction In Architecture
(1966)
Early manifesto against the strict "black and white" modernist ideology
The Whites
vs. The Greys
Gray's buildings have facades which tell stories. These facades are not the diaphanous veil of orthodox Modern architecture.
- Robert A.M. Stern
Written by five other architects was written in response to
Five Architects
.
Five on Five
authors were known as "Grays",
Five Architects
authors (New York Five) known as "Whites"
Tom Wolfe
From Bauhaus to Our House
(1981)
Tom Wolfe denounced the lack of ornamentation (decoration) in modern architecture
Praised Venturi's "Less is a bore" ideology
"The work of the Whites you could tell at a glance. Their buildings were white... and baffling"

Michael Graves

Portland Building (1982)
Represented his bold statement and conversion to post-modernism
A part of the New York Five, whom were strictly modernist architects just over a decade earlier
Hanselmann House (1967)
Phillip Johnson
AT&T (now Sony) building in New York (1985)
Celebrated champion of modernism and mentor of Graves
Joined the post-modern side with his own bold and ironic statement

The AT&T building included an antique "Chippendale highboy" ornamental element on top of a corporate high-rise tower
Historical Relevance

Modernism is viewed as excessively minimalist, anonymous, monotonous, and boring.
Many felt that modernism did not account for the desire for beauty.

In response, architects sought to reintroduced ornament, colour, decoration and human scale to buildings
Architects would pull certain aspects of previous periods and meld them together
Postmodernism had slowly started to pick up in the perceived failure of Modern architecture
Form was no longer to be defined solely by its functional requirements or minimal appearance
Manifesto
"I prefer 'both-and' to 'either-or,' black and white, and sometimes gray, to black or white. (Architecture) must embody the difficult unity of inclusion rather than the easy unity of exclusion. More is not less."
- Robert Venturi
Concepts,
Characteristics & Style
Motivation
Related Artists
"Anything goes" attitude
Solving the problem of Modernism
Goal is to create a unifying theme throughout the structure
Adding unexpected touches to buildings that go against convention but are still aesthetically pleasing, highly functional, cohesive and sustainable
Allows for creativity, however must follow a basic order. Quality is essential
Juxtaposition of styles: Blend of traditional, contemporary, and newly-invented forms
Buildings are designed not only to deliver conventional function but also combined with characteristics of meaning such as pluralism, irony, paradox, and contextualism.

Exaggerated or abstract traditional detailing
Materials or decorations drawn from far away sources
Postmodern buildings often don't have anything in common with one another, other than their lack of commonality
Designs may be bizarre, humorous, or shocking, but they are always unique
Architects were inspired by previous architectural periods and took aspects of the past to incorporate them into designs of the present.

PPG Place
Weisman Museum
Getty Museum
Public Services Building
Museum of Civilization
Architects should consider "black and
white
and sometimes
gray
"
"Blatant simplification means bland architecture"
"AD Classics: The Portland Building / Michael Graves." ArchDaily. 27 July 2013. Web. 27 Apr. 2015.
"AT&T (Sony) Building by Philip Johnson." AT&T (Sony) Building by Philip Johnson. Web. 27 Apr. 2015.
"Characteristics of Postmodern Architecture |." Web. 27 Apr. 2015.
"Defining Postmodern Architecture and Its Characteristics." Cockrams Surveying. Web. 27 Apr. 2015.
"General Introduction to Postmodernism." General Introduction to Postmodernism. Web. 27 Apr. 2015.
"Modernism vs Postmodernism." Modernism vs Postmodernism. Web. 27 Apr. 2015.
"OnPostmodernism." OnPostmodernism. Web. 27 Apr. 2015.
"Postmodern - Boundless Open Textbook." Boundless. Web. 27 Apr. 2015.
"Postmodernist Portland Building Will Be Saved, Says Graves." Dezeen Postmodern Portland Building Will Be Saved Says Architect Michael Graves Comments. 29 Dec. 2014. Web. 27 Apr. 2015.
Rebecca Koffman | For The Oregonian/OregonLive. "The Portland Building: Architect Michael Graves Fiercely Defends His Controversial Creation against Demolition." Web. 27 Apr. 2015.
"Untitled Document." Untitled Document. Web. 27 Apr. 2015.
Venturi, Robert, and N.Y. York. Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture. 2d ed. New York: Museum of Modern Art ;, 2011. Print.
Wolfe, Tom. From Bauhaus to Our House. New York: Farrar Straus Giroux, 1981. Print.
York, N.Y. Five Architects: Eisenman, Graves, Gwathmey, Hejduk, Meier. New York: Oxford UP, 1975. Print.
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Works Cited
Full transcript