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Transcript of Post-Modern Architecture
The New York Five
Got together for a CASE meeting in 1969
Strictly loyal to the "black and white" worldview, along with the abstraction, formalism, and purity of modernist principles
(1972) set forth their allegiance to serious modernist theories
Complexity and Contradiction In Architecture
Early manifesto against the strict "black and white" modernist ideology
vs. The Greys
Gray's buildings have facades which tell stories. These facades are not the diaphanous veil of orthodox Modern architecture.
- Robert A.M. Stern
Written by five other architects was written in response to
Five on Five
authors were known as "Grays",
authors (New York Five) known as "Whites"
From Bauhaus to Our House
Tom Wolfe denounced the lack of ornamentation (decoration) in modern architecture
Praised Venturi's "Less is a bore" ideology
"The work of the Whites you could tell at a glance. Their buildings were white... and baffling"
Portland Building (1982)
Represented his bold statement and conversion to post-modernism
A part of the New York Five, whom were strictly modernist architects just over a decade earlier
Hanselmann House (1967)
AT&T (now Sony) building in New York (1985)
Celebrated champion of modernism and mentor of Graves
Joined the post-modern side with his own bold and ironic statement
The AT&T building included an antique "Chippendale highboy" ornamental element on top of a corporate high-rise tower
Modernism is viewed as excessively minimalist, anonymous, monotonous, and boring.
Many felt that modernism did not account for the desire for beauty.
In response, architects sought to reintroduced ornament, colour, decoration and human scale to buildings
Architects would pull certain aspects of previous periods and meld them together
Postmodernism had slowly started to pick up in the perceived failure of Modern architecture
Form was no longer to be defined solely by its functional requirements or minimal appearance
"I prefer 'both-and' to 'either-or,' black and white, and sometimes gray, to black or white. (Architecture) must embody the difficult unity of inclusion rather than the easy unity of exclusion. More is not less."
- Robert Venturi
Characteristics & Style
"Anything goes" attitude
Solving the problem of Modernism
Goal is to create a unifying theme throughout the structure
Adding unexpected touches to buildings that go against convention but are still aesthetically pleasing, highly functional, cohesive and sustainable
Allows for creativity, however must follow a basic order. Quality is essential
Juxtaposition of styles: Blend of traditional, contemporary, and newly-invented forms
Buildings are designed not only to deliver conventional function but also combined with characteristics of meaning such as pluralism, irony, paradox, and contextualism.
Exaggerated or abstract traditional detailing
Materials or decorations drawn from far away sources
Postmodern buildings often don't have anything in common with one another, other than their lack of commonality
Designs may be bizarre, humorous, or shocking, but they are always unique
Architects were inspired by previous architectural periods and took aspects of the past to incorporate them into designs of the present.
Public Services Building
Museum of Civilization
Architects should consider "black and
"Blatant simplification means bland architecture"
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"OnPostmodernism." OnPostmodernism. Web. 27 Apr. 2015.
"Postmodern - Boundless Open Textbook." Boundless. Web. 27 Apr. 2015.
"Postmodernist Portland Building Will Be Saved, Says Graves." Dezeen Postmodern Portland Building Will Be Saved Says Architect Michael Graves Comments. 29 Dec. 2014. Web. 27 Apr. 2015.
Rebecca Koffman | For The Oregonian/OregonLive. "The Portland Building: Architect Michael Graves Fiercely Defends His Controversial Creation against Demolition." Web. 27 Apr. 2015.
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Venturi, Robert, and N.Y. York. Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture. 2d ed. New York: Museum of Modern Art ;, 2011. Print.
Wolfe, Tom. From Bauhaus to Our House. New York: Farrar Straus Giroux, 1981. Print.
York, N.Y. Five Architects: Eisenman, Graves, Gwathmey, Hejduk, Meier. New York: Oxford UP, 1975. Print.