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"The Tragedy of Julius Caesar" Literary Terms

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JosieAnn Gonzalez

on 30 January 2015

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Transcript of "The Tragedy of Julius Caesar" Literary Terms

The Tragedy of Julius Caesar
William Shakespeare
Literary Terms

tragic hero
protagonist, or central character, of a tragedy
usually fails or dies because of a character flaw
often male
often from upper class
a fatal error in judgment; a weakness
contributes to tragic hero's ruin
tragic flaw
tragedy
a drama in which a series of actions leads to the overthrow or ruin of the main character
foil
a character whose personality/attitude
sharply contrasts the personality/attitude
of another character
monologue
a long speech given by one
character who is addressing
other characters on stage
dramatic irony
irony in which the audience knows something that the
characters don't know
pun
humorous use of words to suggest two literal meanings at one time
soliloquy
a speech given by a character alone on stage (as though the character is thinking aloud!)
helps audience understand a character's motivation
aside
a short speech directed to the audience, or another character, that is not heard by other characters on stage
blank verse
unrhymed poetry written in iambic pentameter; each line of blank verse has five pairs of syllables (in most pairs, an unstressed syllable is followed by a stressed syllable)
The following lines, spoken by the conspirator Casca, describe one of the wonders Casca observed during the storm on the night before Caesar’s assassination.
drama
literature in which plots and characters are developed through dialogue and action
literature in play form
drama is meant to be performed
iambic pentameter
a metrical pattern of five feet, or units, called iambs
each iamb is made up of two syllables
a single line of poetry written in iambic pentameter has a total of ten syllables
iambic pentameter is the meter used in blank verse and the English sonnet
iamb
a metrical foot, or single unit, of poetry made up of two syllables: the first syllable is unstressed and the second syllable is stressed
rhetorical devices
techniques used to enhance an argument and communicate more effectively
rhetorical devices include analogy, parallelism, rhetorical questions, and repetition
analogy
compares two things for the purpose of explaining or clarifying something that is unfamiliar and/or difficult to understand by showing how it is similar to something familiar and/or easy to understand
parallelism
the use of identical or similar grammatical structure in a series of words, phrases, or clauses to show given ideas are equal in importance
adds balance, rhythm, and clarity to sentences
helps emphasize important information and/or make powerful points
rhetorical question
a question that does not require a reply
a question asked for effect and/or to make a point
writers/speakers use rhetorical questions to suggest that their arguments make the answer obvious
repetition
a technique in which a sound, word, phrase, or line is repeated for emphasis or unity
repetition often helps to reinforce meaning and create an appealing rhythm
connotation
an attitude or a feeling associated with a word
the connotations of a word may be positive or negative
example: enthusiastic has positive associations, while rowdy has negative ones
denotation
a word’s literal, or dictionary, meaning
allusion
a brief reference to a famous person, place, event, or literary work
readers are expected to be familiar with the reference
used to evoke emotions associated with the referenced person, place, event, or literary work
Full transcript