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THEO 301 (Fa '15) T01 - NRM Overview

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by

Hartmut Scherer

on 28 August 2015

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Transcript of THEO 301 (Fa '15) T01 - NRM Overview

New Religious Movements (NRMs)
Sources and Image Credit
1)
Adopted key thoughts from Timothy Miller "Religious Movements in the United States: An Informal Introduction;" accessed August 17, 2015; http://web.archive.org/web/20060827231029/http://religiousmovements.lib.virginia.edu/essays/miller2003.htm.
1)
The First Amendment to the United States Constitution guarantees that . . .
Introduction
no religion will have governmental endorsement
all Americans are free to practice the religions of their choice
Overview
- William Penn founded his colony of Pennsylvania
and offered freedom of religion to all believers
Quaker
1820s
1630
1650s
1681
1830s
1683
1870s
1965
late 60s
1875
Centuries of Religious Movements
- immigration laws changed
(abolished quotas based
on national origin)
Increase in New Religions after 1965
- term New Religious Movements
(NRMs) is a bit misleading as they have been with
us for a long time
The Puritans
- a movement that broke away from the Church
of England
- Puritans were so offended by the thought and
actions that for a time it was a capital crime in
Massachusetts simply to be a Quaker
- Mennonites, Moravians, and the Amish began to
settle there
Colony of Pennsylvania
- Freedom and toleration slowly but surely gained a
foothold in the American colonies
Pietists from Germany
- They sought to return to a religion of the heart, a
religion of piety, discipline and community
The Puritans
Quaker
Colony of Pennsylvania
Pietists from Germany
Latter Day Saints movement - the Mormons
Adventist movement
Jehovah's Witnesses
Theosophical Society
New Immigration Act
Create Your Own Religious Movement
Things you might want to cover:
God, Gods or No God, or something new...?
Rules, moral or otherwise...
Beliefs about the world, human nature, the universe, the soul etc.
Other beliefs: aliens, end of the world, spirit, miracles/superpowers, supernatural stuff etc...
Ceremonies/parties/events/holidays?
Name of your movement...
- Their movement was based in a critique of what
they regarded as the cold, empty forms of their
state churches
- were Anglicans who took issue
with some practices of their
church
Latter Day Saints movement
- emerged during the Second Great Awakening
- Mormonism was founded in upstate New York on the
basis of a series of revelations that founder Joseph
Smith, Jr.
- The Mormons were controversial from their earliest days
Adventist movement
- emerged also during the Second Great Awakening
- William Miller became fascinated with the possibility
of predicting the time of the second coming of Christ
Jehovah's Witnesses
- Russell, like Miller, thought he could predict the
year of the Second Coming: 1914.
- The movement has grown impressively despite the
problematic nature of its end date
Theosophical Society
- Spiritualism gave rise to Theosophical society.
- Helena P. Blavatsky (chief founder) combined
Spiritualism with a body of teachings that she called
Ancient Wisdom.
- Theosophy was charged of fraudulent claims of messages
from the "other side."
NRMs - Asian Imports
-
International Society for Krishna Consciousness
,
popularly called the Hare Krishnas
-
Transcendental Meditation
, led by the Maharishi
Mahesh Yogi
NRMs - grounded in Christianity
- Adherents of the
Jesus Movement
looked like hippies,
but subscribed to fairly conventional evangelical
Protestantism
- The
Baha’i faith
now claims over 100,000 American
members
- Probably the most controversial of the Jesus
Movement groups was the
Children of God
Neopaganism
- It's a network of movements with an earth- centered
spirituality
- Most of them try to preserve or reclaim pre-Christian
religions of Europe
- Two defining pillars are environmentalism and
feminism
Full transcript