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Aboriginal Awareness Exploratory

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Tanya Hall

on 26 June 2018

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Transcript of Aboriginal Awareness Exploratory

Why are we offering this exploratory?
Aboriginal Awareness
Why do Aboriginals prefer to sit in circles?
Talking Circles
Local Enhancement Agreement

1. Sense of Belonging
To increase Aboriginal students' sense of place belonging and caring in School District 67.

2. Aboriginal Ways of Knowing
To increase awareness and understanding of Aboriginal ways of knowing in both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal students.

3. Language
To increase knowledge of aboriginal languages by aboriginal and non-Aboriginal students.

4. Achievement
To enhance the achievement and success of Aboriginal students from kindergarten to Grade 12 in academics as well as training for trades and life skills
When sitting in a circle everyone feels included, important and equal.
General Process/Protocols

1. It is respectful to introduce oneself.

2. The only one speaking is the one with the Talking Circle item.

3. It is important that the circle of people listens respectfully to the person speaking.

4. The person who is speaking should speak from the heart.

5. Shared communications should be kept in confidence, especially if personal.
6. No put downs

7. Once circle has began no one leaves or joins in on the circle.
The Lands of British Columbia
We wish to recognize and acknowledge the Okanagan (Syilx) people on whose traditional territories we live and do our work.
Acknowledgment of the Local First Nations Territories
Map of Territory
is spread across approximate 69,00km2(17.043 million acres) in the Southern Interior and additional 5,568 km2(14 million acres) in Norther Washington.
Okanagan Territory includes the following:
The Okanagan Nation consists of 7 Canadian member bands- approximately 4,897 members.

American members - Confederate Tribes of the Coville Reservation - approximately 8,700 members
UpperNicola Band (Merrit Bc)
Okanagan Indian Band (Vernon Bc)
Westbank First Nation (Westbank Bc)
Penticton Indian Band (Penticton Bc)
Osoyoos Indian Band (Osoyoos Bc)
Upper Similkameen Indian Band (Keremeos Bc)
Lower Similkameen Indian Band ( Hedley Bc)
The Seven Bands are:
San Poil
Nez Perce
Arrow Lake
Colville Confederated Tribes
12 Bands
Penticton Indian Band Members

History before contact
Adam and Sandy Eneas
Responsibilities of youth
Robert Edward
Chief of Lower Similkameen

Robert was raised by his Father John Edward who was born in 1886-1983. He has had a lot of traditional training in his childhood. Chief Robert is fluent in Okanagan.
A little about Chief Robert
The Absolutely True Diary of a Part Time Indian
Your prediction
Look only at the title and the images on the front cover what do you think the this book will be about?
After each chapter you will do a chapter review.

You can either type your review, add pictures or both.
Syilx people
*The original people of the Okanagan
*Syilx speaking people
*We have been here since the beginning
*We were wished here by the Creator
*History is passed on from one person to another, generation to generation
*History of being Syilx is formed through oral stories and songs
*We were given memories to remind us of what we could and could not do
You have to taught how to be "part of the land" to survive
Who We Are:
*To understand who we are as Syilx people one must understand the evolution of our people
*Syilx people live with numerous roles
*They respect the responsibility of those roles
*They are taught skills such as fishing, hunting, tanning hides and making baskets to songs, stories, dances and prayers.
*Every living thing has a right to be a part of our lives/community
Children are taught what plants are edible and which are not
*Teens/young adults are taught when to harvest,how to prepare, when to use the plants
*Grandparents look over the children between the ages 4 to 11
*Their role is to educate and discipline the children in a patient and loving way
*They teach them the songs, stories,dances and way of life
Our Syilx Evolution Through Life
There are four elements
- the land and where we live*
- Allows us to breathe
- warmth or electricity
- makes up most of our bodies and the Earth
All 4 elements are balanced between and connected to all living things.
We as living things are "Earth"
Syilx Perspective on Ecology
Residential School
Anne Tenning
will present this discussion.

How to make a dream catcher
You will use Comic Life program to show the steps on how to make a dream catcher.
If this is your first time making a dreamcatcher the protocol is that you must give it away.
You should not make anything if you are not in a positive place.
If you are on your "time" (girls) you should not make one.
Pow Wow Lessons
Click on the button below to see a video clip that show a Grand Entry at a Pow wow.
The host drum that did not sing the Grand Entry song will sing the Flag song.
A welcome is extended and the various dignitaries may say a few words. This means the ceremony is then complete and the dancing may begin.
Then the master of ceremonies will invite a respected member of the community to give an invocation blessing the gathering.
The flags are raised after all the dancers have entered the circle, and then the flag songs are played. The flag song is an equivalent to the national anthem.
The dancers dance like the sun in a clockwise pattern showing the audience that they are ready to begin and are showing their regalia. (The term costume is seen by some as derogatory.)
Then the children enter; the junior boys first and then the junior girls. They enter in the same order as the adults.
The women are the next to enter; first traditional, then grass dancers and then fancy dancers.
The men are always the first dancers to enter; first traditional, then grass dancers and then fancy dancers.
The dancers dance with pride and dignity as the songs are drummed.
The invited dignitaries are next followed by the dancers.
In the center of the circle are the drummers who offer a special song for the Grand Entry procession.
Following the eagle staff the flags enter the circle; first the Canadian flag, state and tribal flags.
The eagle staff is first carried into the circle, usually carried by a native war veteran who has earned the respect of a member of the Pow wow committee.
Pow wows may differ depending on location or type, but the following is a system used by many Pow wows throughout the plains arearea.
Grand Entry for a Pow Wow
The last to enter are the little boys traditional and fancy dancers then the little girls traditional and fancy dancers.
Meaningless syllable sounds such as “weyaheyeh”, “ya”, “hey”, etc.
What are vocables?
Traditionally, the “big drum” was not a drum used by the Okanagan First Nation.
The elders have given their permission for females to drum on the “big drum” in the Okanagan Nation because they do not want their songs to be lost.
Local Trivia
Hope you enjoy the Pow Wow!
Traditional Dancers dance to songs with slow beats.
The songs have a slower tempo to allow for graceful, slow dance steps.
Male dancers often mimic animals as they dance.
Song Interpretation
Flag Song is a song dedicated to the flags that are brought in during Grand Entry.
The lead singer of a drum group.
Head Singer
Meaningless syllable sounds such as “weyaheyeh”, “ya”, “hey”, etc.
What are vocables?
Songs with words in the Native language.
Songs with nonsense words/sound known as vocables.
Songs that are a combination of vocables and words.
Pow Wow Songs3 types of songs are sung
Traditionally, the “big drum” was not a drum used by the Okanagan First Nation.
The elders have given their permission for females to drum on the “big drum” in the Okanagan Nation because they do not want their songs to be lost.
Local Trivia
Across North America, since the 1970’s, women have started drumming on big drums.
We now have women drum groups.
Contemporary Protocols observed by Drum Groups
The main drum group at the Pow Wow.
They sings the songs to open and close the Pow Wow.
Host Drum
And she taught them how to sing the songs. This is how the 1st “big drum” came to be.
When the woman returned to her community she taught the people how to make the drum.
While hiding, the water spirits instructed her how to make a pow wow drum.
To evade capture by soldiers, the woman hid in the water for 4 days
Soldiers attacked her village.
A long time ago, an Ojibwa woman was the first to make the drum.
It symbolizes life, hope and healing.
First Nation people believe it calls on the spirits of good fortune and it also works to keep the nations unified
It represents the heart beat of Mother Earth
Significance the Pow Wow Drum
Pow Wow Drum and Songs
Traditionally, only men beat on the drum. Women stand in the row behind them.
The drum must never be left unattended at a Pow Wow.
Nothing is ever placed on the drum.
No one should reach across the drum after it is set up.
To be respectful to the drum, it should be covered with a blanket when it is not being used.
Traditional Protocols observed by Drum Groups at Pow Wows
They taught her protective songs to sing while beating the drum.
An Ojibwa legend tells of the origin of the “big drum”
It is a large, circular, wooden frame covered with rawhide (buffalo, deer, cow, horse, etc)
It is also known as the “big drum”
Pow Wow Drum
Fancy Dancers and Jingle Dancers dance to faster songs.
The songs have a quick and lively tempo that the dancers interpret through unique foot work patterns and lively movements.
Song Interpretation Cont’d
Okanagan Legends
Where in everyday do we see talking circles?
Dinner table
Opening of gifts
School classrooms
At lunch with friends
Special occasions
sporting events (huddle)
principals office
What is the difference between a Welcome a to a Territory and Acknowledgment of Territory?
A Welcome is from someone who is from the territory.

An Acknowledgment is from someone who is not from the territory
Who would you ask to Welcome guests to the Territory?

Member of the Okanagan First Nation ex. Chief or Council or Elder
Find a picture of the Chief of the Penticton Indian Band (PIB)
Full transcript