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tania diez

on 10 January 2013

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Transcript of Japan

JAPON Geography and Climate CONTEXTUALIZACION in 2011, Japan was hit with a devastating tsunami that took out much of the east coast
damage was done to nuclear power plants
earthquake of 9.0 hit
started in the Pacific Ocean 70 miles east of the coast of Japan
tsunami washed away as far as 6 miles inland
over 20,000 casualties SUJETO DE
ESTUDIO 4 seasons (summer, winter, fall, spring)
warm humid summers
mild winters
mild earthquakes are common major ones happen every few years
typhoons in August/September
western side of island generally cooler than the eastern 145,913 square miles
slightly larger than Germany and just smaller than Montana
four main islands Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, and Shikoku mountainous
Mount Fuji is the highest point
big cities usually located on the coast
thousands of small islands
1943 U.S turned against Japan
U.S dropped bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in the summer of 1945
Japan has had 5 prime ministers
after the was they adopted a new constitution under U.S direction in 1947 a part of world war II
attacked the U.S at Pearl Harbor on December 7th 1941
U.S then turned on Japan 2 years later EL SISTEMA
JAPONES greetings depend on your relationship
close family call children by their name with a different suffix (chan for girls, kun for boys
visits arranged in advance
not impolite to slurp soup
main meal is in the evening chopsticks are used along with utensils
eat from your bowl at chest level
save dinner for late
eat with your father who often works late into the night Beliefs and Values buddhism and shinto are the main religions
2% are christian
emperors considered decendants of the sun goddess amaterasu
marriages are shinto natured and funerals are buddhist believe in the sun goddess, Amaterasu
respect natures beauty
honor, courage, politeness are very neccessary
devoted to groups
respect adults feel obligated to return favors and gifts no matter how big
rarely use the word "no" straight it is disrespectful
interpret feelings by a persons voice
companies give lifetime employment to devoted workers as a reward Language official language is japanese
word written called a kanji
two ways of pronouncing each word, ancient chinese way and traditional japanese
two alphabets, hiragana and katakana more is written on computers than traditional japanese
can be written vertical or horizontal
since 2011 english has been madatory for 5th and 6th grade
english always taught in secondary schools Music gagaku is the oldest type of music in ancient Japan
biwagaku is a type of music played with the biwa, a type of guitar
nahgaku consists of the hayashi flute and the tsuzumi drum played with a koto that has 13 strings
shakuhachi is a bamboo flute that is 55 centimeters long
minyo are japanese folk songs the taiko is a drum used in many japanese songs and comes in various sizes
umui are religious songs popular in japan
okinawan folk music is played with a taiko, sanba ( similar to castinets) and a yubi which sounds like sharp finger whistling
the minyo scale is a music scale that has no half steps between notes
scales are played in degrees like 1,2,3,4.. Areas of Interest Osaka, Japan
home of the Osaka castle
Yokohama, Japan
one of the nations largest ports
home of Japans native superhero, Anpanman Asakusa, Japan
home of the Sensoji buddhist temple built in the year 800
rickshaw rides and japanese street food
Shibuya, Tokyo
Tokyo tower and other tall buildings
bright neon signs and great views Mt. Fuji
Ueno Park
home of the saigo takamori statue
national museum of western art
Toshuga Shrine
1,000 cherry blossom trees to see Known For cherry blossoms
high technology
ancient temples
mt. fuji zen gardens
geisha girls
fast bullet trains
bonsai trees
bento boxes himedji castle
kiso valley
kumamoto castle
matsumoto castle
okinawa castle
hiroshima Unique Common Foods Nori dried seaweed miso paste beans Sashimi sushi dipped in vinegar sauce Eggrolls Tofu curd from mashed soybeans Dining Habits eating on the go is considered rude
tables lower to ground
eat on the ground
chopsticks are used for japanese style meals
utensils for western style foods main meal in the evening
not impolite to slurp soup
eat with bowl at chest level Authentic Recipes Miso Soup-
dashi (a japanese type broth in most soups) Chicken Katsu-
chicken breasts
bread crumbs
salt pepper
served with japanese fried rice Sushi-
soy sauce
tuna Social and Business Dining bowing is polite
use both hands when handing money to waiter
say "itadakimasu" (I humbly receive) before dining similar to bon appetit or saying grace
chew with mouth closed
lift soup or rice bowls
dont drink or eat while walking around or on the go eat out of bento boxes which are seperated into sections for food and shaped according to the season
considered an honor to be invited over to someones home
shoes are removed in the genkan or front room
wearing just socks is exceptable informally
greetings are highly important How Japan differs from the U.S architecture
gods Kumamoto Comida

La gastronomia japonesa esta basada en 5 alimentos basados en carbohidratos  arroz, trigo y avena  y frijol y mijo comn (plantas del gnero Echinocloa).
Una comida japonesa estndar siempre consiste de una taza de arroz japons (gohan) como shushoku, y de acompaamiento tsukemono (encurtido), que es una taza de sopa y una variedad de platos okazu como pescado, carne, vegetales, etc. pero la comida tradicional es la ichij-sansai (? "una sopa, tres platos"), donde cada plato se realiza con una tcnica de cocinado diferente.
Entre los shushoku ms usados estn:
el arroz japons (gohanmono);
el congee (?),
el donburi (?)
 sushi (?)
Otros alimentos principales son los fideos japoneses tales como el soba ,el udon ( y el ramen (entre otros.
 Acompaando al okazu existen otros elementos dentro de la gastronoma japonesa. Los dulces y aperitivos ms conocidos son los wagashi (?), que son aperitivos tradicionales. Entre ellos estn: - - - el anmitsu (あんみつ?),
- el kakigori (かき?),
- el kompeit (?),
-  pan de meln (メロンパン?)
En cuanto a las bebidas tradicionales, el t verde tiene predominio en las bebidas no alcohlicas, aunque existen otras bebidas como el ramune (ラムネ?) o el calpis (カルピス?). Con respecto a las bebidas alcohlicas, se destacan el sake (?), el shch (?), el awamori (?) y el umeshu (?)
La comida tipica japonesa, esta centrada en el arroz blanco y lo mas comun es llamado ichij-sansai que consiste en una sopa y tres platos secundarios basados en:
- pescado crudo
- plato a la parrilla
- otro cocido.

Junto con la comida se suele beber agua o te verde.
Existe una ceremonia del te, realizada junto con gente en una habitacion, donde te debes sentar en forma de “seiza” sobre un tatami y una vez que te lo sirvan debes de beber un poco y si no deseas mas dejar el vaso lleno. Tania Diez Lobato
Mº Montserrat Gutierrez
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