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Anatomy: The Field Hockey Drive

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claire cochran

on 4 December 2012

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Transcript of Anatomy: The Field Hockey Drive

The Field Hockey Drive The field hockey drive is used as a one of the most powerful shots in the sport.

Point of a drive:
-Advance the ball up or down the field quickly
-Shot on goal
-Defensive technique
-Fast removal of ball
-Pass


The field hockey drive uses a great number of muscles in the upper and lower body. In our research we analyzed only the upper body section. There are four phases to a field hockey drive; the ready position, swing, follow through, and final rotation of stick. There has been an analysis of each phase placed below demonstrating specifically which muscles, joints and bones are being used in each phase. Introduction to the drive The most common injuries in the sport are caused by getting hit with something, a ball, stick or person. These often results in bruises or fractures. Some other injuries are described below and can often be prevented by stretching correctly.

Tendonitis:
Usually an injury due to overuse.
The area of a tendon prone to injury is called a watershed zone.
Tendonitis can occur in the base of the thumb, elbow and shoulder.
Muscle sprains and strains:
Sprains and strains are often confused.
A sprain is an injury to a ligament. Ligaments connect bones to other bones.
Sprains often occur at the ankle, knee, finger, wrist, and shoulder joints.
A strain is an injury to a muscle or a tendon. Tendons connect muscles to bones.
Strains can happen to any muscle in the body. Most common in hamstrings, calves, lower back or groin.
Dislocations:
Dislocations happen when too much force is put a ligament.
Examples of these joints are the hip and shoulder. Possible Injuries
It is very important to be warmed up before practice in order to prepare your muscles for any athletic activity. While your body warms up it makes muscles more flexible and less likely to be strained.

Field hockey is a sport that involves a great deal of running as well as upper body movements, so it is necessary to stretch both your upper and lower body.

Below is a list of stretches on the upper body only that should be performed before this physical activity. Stretches Claire Cochran
Maxine Dunn Braddock, N. (n.d.). The Importance of Stretching: What You Need to Know (And Probably Never Knew Before). Yahoo! Contributor Network. Retrieved December 1, 2012, from http://voices.yahoo.com/the-importance-stretching-know-854467.html?cat=50

Dick R, Hootman JM, Agel J et al. "Descriptive Epidemiology of Collegiate Women's Field Hockey Injuries: National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance System, 1988-1989 through 2002-2003." Journal of Athletic Training. 2007; 42(2): 211-220
Exercise & Muscle Directory. (n.d.). Exercise & Muscle Directory. Retrieved November 30, 2012, from http://www.exrx.net/Lists/Directory.html

Foot, Dr. (2012). Wrist Injury. Wrist Tendonitis. Retrieved November 29, 2012, from http://www.drfoot.co.uk/wrist_pain/Wrist%20Tendonitis.htm

"How To Hit A Ball in Field Hockey." Field.hockeyisport. Isport, n.d. Web. 26 Nov. 2012. <http://fieldhockey.isport.com/fieldhockey-guides/how-to-hit-the-ball-in-field-hockey>.

Kapit, W., & Elson, L. M. (1993). The anatomy coloring book. New York, NY: HarperCollins College.

Shier, D., Butler, J., & Lewis, R. (2006). Hole's essentials of Anatomy and Physiology. New York: McGraw-Hill Higher Education. Bibliography Phases of the Field Hockey Drive Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 Phase 4 Teres major General back Biceps brachii Forearms (supinators and pronators) Shoulders Phase one Components involved Shoulder
Components involved:
Scapula, humerus and clavicle
-Ball and Socket joint between the head of the humerus and the glenoid cavity of the scapula.
-Muscles used during this movement
Trapezius
Deltoid
Infraspinatus
Rhomboid Major
Subscapularis
Supraspinatus Phase one ·Flexion of both elbows
Components involved:
Humerus, ulna and radius
Hinge joint
Muscles
Brachialis
Deltoid
Brachioradialis Phase one Wrist
Components involved:
Carpals, metacarpals, ulna, radius
Gliding joint
Muscles
Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus
Flexor digitorum profundus
Flexor carpi ulnaris
Flexor carpi radialis brevis
Brachioradialis Hands Components involved:
Phalanges and metacarpals
Hinge joint, saddle joint
Muscles
Abductor digiti minimi brevis
Flexor digiti minimi brevis
Adductor pollicis
Flexor pollicis brevis
Abductor pollicis brevis
Opponens digiti minimi
*Fingers stay flexed through all four phases Spine Components involved:
Thoracic and cervical vertebrae
Cartilaginous joint
Muscles used
Trapezius
Rhomboid major
Splenius capitis Phase 2 Flexion of elbows
Muscles used differently
Latissimus Dorsi
Triceps Brachii Phase 2 Wrists
Muscles used differently
Pronator quadratus
Pronator teres Phase 4 Wrists
Muscles used differently
Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus
Flexor carpi ulnaris
Flexor carpi radialis Conclusion In order to prevent injuries while performing a field hockey drive it is important to understand the body parts involved. Some injuries can’t always be prevented, like getting hit by a stick or ball. However, stretching can help prevent many injuries. By being aware of the muscles, bones, and joints involved in this skill help to not only improve one’s ability but also decrease the risk of harming one’s body.
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