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Team Supercells' Final Project

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Tamia Campbell

on 26 June 2013

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Transcript of Team Supercells' Final Project

What Poses a threat to H2O
Opinions
Unnatural Causes
Natural Causes
Water Quality
Climate change in our surroundings.
Earths' Background
History

The earth is over 4.6 billion years old.
The units of time are divided into eons, eras, periods, epochs, and ages.
The earth’s age has been found through carbon dating.
Layers of Earth/Coal

Coal is a sedimentary rock.
Drilling is used to gain access to the coal reserves in the earth.
Drilling styles include surface mining, area mining, contour mining, mountaintop removal mining, and underground mining.
Drilling and the burning of fossil fuels add pollution into the atmosphere.

Tectonic Plates

Tectonic plates are large plates of rock that make up the foundation of the Earth's crust and the shape of the continents.
There are 14 plates major plates.
Even though earthquakes are natural drilling can them when done on fault lines.
Climate/Atmosphere

The ozone layer is getting thicker and it is stopping rays from exiting the earth’s atmosphere.
On our experiment involving green house gases we found that methane absorbs heat faster than dry air.
The experiment compared methane, CO2, dry air, saturated air, and pure oxygen.
The make up of the atmosphere changes every time we release gases.

As well as our atmosphere and soil are in danger of manmade pollutants, so is our water. Water: the most precious resource on our planet, the source of life itself and only 1% of it is available for us to drink.
We live in Florida, so our aquifer isn’t that far under our feet. Things like runoff and fertilizer will eventually drain into our drinking water, polluting this valuable resource. This not only harms us, but the ecosystems collected around that water source.
Every time you pour out a soda on the ground, every time a sewage pipe leaks, and every time you spray fertilizer on your lawn. All this will eventually make it into the aquifer, the collected water stored underground.


Water Pollutants

Fossil fuels don’t only disrupt the atmosphere, but they create scars on the surface that may never heal.
In lecture we learned about different methods of mining coal. Good examples of this are blasting and drilling. Large deposits of coal are known to be located in mountainsides, and fossil fuel companies will not hesitate to blast apart a whole mountainside to acquire them, which can destroy vital parts of an ecosystem. This also pollutes the nearby streams, where the rock and dirt debris will wash into.
Drilling for oil and natural gas on a fragile plate boundary can disrupt the crust so that an earthquake can happen. The largest on record was a 5.6 magnitude earthquake in Oklahoma caused by oil-drilling. It was felt across 17 states and destroyed 14 properties.
Land Pollutants

We have just over 400 ppm of carbon in the atmosphere from burning fossil fuels. 350 ppm is too much but we have exceeded that maximum value by over 50 ppm.
These increased greenhouse gasses go hand in hand with climate change by thickening the layer of gasses that protect the Earth’s surface from being damaged by the sun’s harmful UV rays. Unfortunately, as we learned in our first lecture this layer of gasses can be compared to a blanket, and as that blanket becomes thicker the heat radiation that does reach the Earth becomes trapped, increasing the surface temperature to an unsustainable level.
This increase in temperature and pollution of the atmosphere is a health risk to Earth and all of the species that inhabit it.

Greenhouse Gasses and other Air Pollutants

Venezuela

Alberta, Canada

A mixture of water & chemicals is introduced into the
shale deposit under pressure it breaks up the sand and rocks releasing the gas which is then brought to the surface along with the water mixture.

Oceans can become acidified because the draw in the co2 in the air.
This would balance out the co2 we are giving out but due to the fact that we are giving to much out at one time the ocean can become acidic to the point of no return.
The acidification of the ocean would kill plants fish and many other organisms in the ocean that many countries thrive on to survive.
The lose of the ocean would equal a drastic plummet in the economy, an increase of starving people, and a increase of unemployed fisher mans. Along with may industries that many countries thrive on for their economy

Oceans

These rays are studied by scientist because they have various effects on the planet but the one effect that we consider the most important would be that they are causing a decrease in cloud coverage.
This is an issue because clouds deflect sunlight and without these clouds the sun heat would contribute greatly to the global warming.
With the heat of the sun the earth would become so hot that every thing on the earth would die and in a couple of months the earth would become a vast desert.

Cosmic Rays effect on the clouds

Primary Rays are studied from a small observatory in space. Due to the fact that it is more expensive to create theses observatories they are smaller and more compact.
Secondary Rays are studied from large observatories on the earth surface. These observatories are larger so that it can catch more rays so that they can get better results.

Ways to study Cosmic Rays

Fossil fuel companies are in a category of their own.
They don't accept the regulations that have potential to be pushed through congress.

The fossil fuel industry cheats. Fossil fuel companies are rogue.

Most if not all industries have regulations that punish over the top pollution.
Taxes from new regulations could increase the research and implication of renewable energy resources.

Only big oil and big coal can pollute for free.

The oil companies lobby in congress to dodge taxes and regulations.
Shows that the oil companies have to be forced if they don't compromise.

The lobbying done by petroleum companies is an indication of their bad intentions.

The enemy would not be willing to stop polluting the Earth.
Oil companies could compromise to satisfy environmentalist.

Some petroleum companies are not the enemy

If we are kept on this track we will not be able to survive.
Steps can be taken to preserve the planet.
It is a group effort where every individual counts.

The petroleum industry's locking us into a future in which we cannot survive.

Fracking - a process to extract natural gas from Shale Plays that lie deep below aquifers and ground water.

Space/Sun

The sun lets off solar rays that send radiation to earth as well as warming it up.
The sun has a great amount of energy and we saw this when we created our own solar ovens out of pizza boxes.
Our solar oven reached a temperature of 295 degrees.
We also created a pinhole projector to get a minimized view of the sun.
We used our information to figure out the diameter of the sun which happens to be 1,391,000 km.

There still is time to compromise with the oil companies or even have them drastically reduced.
It may be too late if we stay on the path we are on.

Money is the major issue that is holding back progress.
If the companies wanted what was best for the public, they would fund research and use of renewable energy.

We are not switching to renewable energy, because a few people are making large profits from the petroleum industry.

Tar sand is the most toxic way to get oil.
This pipe could lead to another oil spill that will destroy property.
We should be downsizing the oil companies not expanding.

The Keystone XL pipeline is a threat to civilization.

Just removing the burning of fossil fuels for energy will drastically reduce the amount of co2 emissions.
Cars would have to be a long-term commitment where the government steps in.

The solutions are in front of us.

People must stand up and have their voice heard.
Spreading of the knowledge people learn in books will help the movement.

Change does not happen by people reading books.

Water filtration Project

Procedures
Took the pre-cut bottle and placed it upside down.
Added a filter at the bottom. Then added the sand, gravel, and rock until full.
Poured water on top of the bottle and watched it filter to the bottom.
We then collected the sample for our coliform bacteria and drinking water labs.




Tools
A 2 liter bottle cut in half w/ cap.
Sand
Rock
Gravel
Water
Tape


Objective
The project was designed to simulate natures water filtration the system that will filter system by devising both visible and invisible pollutants.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DCq015rc_lk

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dwwVo3CEFAQ

The impacts of further development of the possible oil sands and extra CO2:

Scarcity of potable water
Toxicity
Pollution
Acid rain
Increase in global warming
due to GHG emissions

We have just over 400 ppm of carbon in the atmosphere from burning fossil fuels. 350 ppm is too much but we have exceeded that maximum value by over 50 ppm.
These increased greenhouse gasses go hand in hand with climate change by thickening the layer of gasses that protect the Earth’s surface from being damaged by the sun’s harmful UV rays. Unfortunately, as we learned in our first lecture this layer of gasses can be compared to a blanket, and as that blanket becomes thicker the heat radiation that does reach the Earth becomes trapped, increasing the surface temperature to an unsustainable level.
This increase in temperature and pollution of the atmosphere is a health risk to Earth and all of the species that inhabit it.

The world depends on petroleum to fuel our transportation, but the burning of this petroleum harms the environment in every way imaginable. From land, to air, to sea, to temperature.
The burning of coal and petroleum has already caused the temperature to rise by one degree centigrade. The highest we can allow it to rise is by two, but if we continue burning the entire reserve of petroleum we will increase the temperature by six degrees centigrade.

Major Fossil Fuel Companies

The Canadian petroleum company “TransCanada” is attempting to gain permission to build a pipeline to transport oil from Alberta to Texas so it can be refined. This oil, “tar sands oil” is one of the dirtiest fuel sources to ever exist.
Not only will this pipeline tear across America, but pipe leakage is a common thing no matter how well-built the pipe is. One rupture in the pipe can spill out onto the land and leak into the soil, polluting the area for miles and causing heavy harm to the surrounding ecosystems and residential area.

The Keystone XL Pipeline


This is the last minute in the last quarter of the most important game that humanity has ever faced.

Earth Man
Action Plan
Full transcript