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Native American Literature and Creation Myths

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Tara Okun

on 2 October 2017

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Transcript of Native American Literature and Creation Myths

Native American Literature and Creation Myths
Objective:

SWBAT
Participate in various background activities for Native American myths
in order to
build background knowledge

by
completing a journal prompt, viewing a prezi, and completing a close reading nonfiction activity
.

Today I will...
So that I can...
I'll know I have it by...
Standards addressed:
RI.1 - Cite text evidence
RI.2 - Determine & analyze themes
RI.3 - Analyze how ideas/events develop through texts

September 21st
Journal entry # 3
Do Now:
Place any past due assignments in bin, please!
Introduction to Native American Myths
https://share.nearpod.com/vsph/AKjnRTXxRw
Exit Slip
Homework:
Complete Text Dependent Questions
Homeroom Packet Past Due
Group Reading
Reading Purpose:
Identify characteristics of the storytelling of Native American Myths.
The Sun Still Rises…
Joseph Bruchac
Reading Comprehension: Restate and respond.

1. Why did scholars have problems recognizing the traditions of Native American literature?

2. What three generalizations does Bruchac make about American Indian oral traditions?

3. Identify three comparisons Bruchac makes between American Indian and Western views of the world.

Higher Level Analysis: Use text to support.

4. What does Bruchac’s title suggest?

5. What does the emphasis on oral literature tell you about Native American cultures?

The Sun Still Rises...
As you read together aloud, switch readers at the end of each paragraph, and try to imagine this piece from the perspective of the author.
Reading Comprehension:

1. According to this myth, what was the world like in the beginning?

2. What happens when Aataentsic cuts the tree?

3. How does this myth explain the origin of the earth as we know it today?

Higher Level Analysis:

4. Would the people who told this myth feel hostile or supportive toward the natural world? Why?


Objective:

SWBAT
read and discuss The Sky Tree
in order to
analyze the elements of a Native American Myth
by
completing a graphic organizer and text dependent questions.
Today I will...
So that I can...
I'll know I have it by...
Standards addressed:
RL.1 - Cite text evidence
RL.2 - Determine & analyze themes
RL.4 - Determine meaning of words/phrases, including figurative language
The Sky Tree
Objective:

SWBAT
read and discuss
Coyote Finishes His Work
in order to
analyze the element of archetypes in Native American Myths
by
participating in peer discussion and

completing text dependent questions.
Today I will...
So that I can...
I'll know I have it by...
Standards addressed:
RL.1 - Cite text evidence
RL.2 - Determine & analyze themes
RL.3 - Analyze author’s choices about story development
Figurative Language Review
imagery
: language that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, taste, touch, smell).

metaphor
: a comparison between two unlike things, in which one thing becomes another, without the use of
like, as, than, or resembles
.

personification
: a kind of metaphor in which a nonhuman object or thing is given human qualities.

symbol
: person, place, thing, or event that stands for itself and something beyond itself as well.
Complete the right column of the graphic organizer by citing evidence from
Sky Tree
.
About the author...
Archetypes
People have always asked questions about the origins of the world and about their place in the natural order of things. To answer their questions, people have told themselves stories. The stories, which are almost always connected with religious rituals, explain the world the people live in and their traditions. These stories, called myths, also comfort people when they are afraid and give them a sense of cultural identity.
In your journals, respond to the following...
What are some myths you are familiar with?
What do they explain to people?
What comfort might they offer?
Group Reading
Reading Purpose:

Identify and analyze the use of figurative language and literary elements in the Native American Myth.
The Sky Tree
Joseph Bruchac
Since American Indian literature was handed down orally by storytellers, these pieces lose some of their power in written form. As you read together aloud, switch readers at the end of each paragraph, and try to imagine each piece being spoken by a skilled storyteller to an eager audience.
Exit
Ticket:
Since American Indian literature was handed down orally by storytellers, these pieces lose some of their power in written form.
As you read together aloud
,
switch readers at the end of each paragraph
, and try to imagine each piece being spoken by a skilled storyteller to an eager audience.
Coyote Finishes
His Work
Reading Purpose:
Identify and analyze the use of archetypes in a Native American Myth.
Homework:
Be ready to present next class!
Creation Myth
Group Presentation
Powerpoint

Prezi

Voicethread

Voki

Google Slides
Animoto

ToonDoo

BitStrips

Glogster
List the character
archetypes
as you watch...
Reading Comprehension:

1. What aspects of life on earth are explained in this myth?

2. Metamorphoses, or shape changes, are common in myths of all cultures. What metamorphoses take place in this myth?

3. What does this myth promise for the future?

Higher Level Analysis:

4. Old Man says that when he returns, earth “will require a change.” What do you think he means?

5. What does the archetype of the Earth mother in this story reveal about the Nez Perce vision of nature?
Coyote Finishes His Work
Joseph Bruchac (1942– ) was born in Saratoga Springs, New York, and was raised there by his grandfather, a member of the Abenaki people. Bruchac has edited several anthologies of poetry and has written short stories, poems, and novels, many of which incorporate myths from the Abenaki heritage.
“Coyote Finishes His Work”
has been handed down through the tradition of the Nez Perce, a Native American people of the Plateau culture who lived in what is now Idaho, Oregon, and Washington.

The French coined the name nez percé, meaning “pierced nose,” because some of the people wore nose pendants.

Following the establishment of the Oregon Trail and aggravated by the mania of the nineteenth-century gold rush, fierce conflicts erupted over the Nez Perce land.

In 1877, the Nez Perce leader, Chief Joseph, surrendered to federal troops with the now famous words “I will fight no more forever.”
Before Reading: Building Background
Archetypes
September 27th
Do Now:
Place homework in bin, please!

Complete the left column. List the characteristics of a Native American Myth as defined by Joseph Bruchac's
The Sun Still Rises.

September 27th
Do Now:
Be ready for The Sky Tree Partner Quiz: Nearpod
Read
The Earth Only
.
Then respond to the following higher level analysis questions on
Padlet
. Support with information from the text.
1. What does the idea repeated in the last three lines of this chant signify about the position of old men in this culture?
2. What profound philosophical comment does “The Earth Only” make by what it leaves out? In other words, what does not endure?
Have one member, go to Teacher Page &
Click on Padlet!
Archetypes can be:

plots: the death of the hero, boy wins girl, the quest
characters: the trickster, the savior, the rescued maiden, the wise old man, the devoted mother
images: a place where people never die, a golden cup, hoarded treasure

An
archetype
is an old imaginative pattern that appears across cultures and is repeated through the ages.
The life-giving tree is an archetypal image found in Native American myths as well as in Norse and Middle Eastern myths.

The trickster hero is a character archetype found in Native American, African, Scandinavian myths and in modern fiction (comics).
Exit Ticket
Analysis of Archetype
Today's Reading Purpose:

Identify and analyze the use of figurative language and literary elements in the Native American Myth.
The Earth Only:
Which character archetypes appear in this poem?

The Sky Tree
:
What aspects of the setting in this myth are archetypes?
What other stories have used the same archetypes?
Be prepared for a KAHOOT!
How significant are
animals to creation myths?
Creation Myth Collaborative
Narrative Writing Task and Presentation
Exit Ticket
September 29th
Do Now:
Objective:

SWBAT
collaborate with a group
in order to
synthesize the elements of Native American Myths
by
creating an original creation myth and presentation
.
Today I will...
So I can...
I know I have it by...
Writing Standards addressed:
W.11-12.3: Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, well-chosen details, and well-structured event sequences

Speaking and Listening Standards addressed:
SL.11-12.1: Initiate and participate effectively in a range of collaborative discussionswith diverse partners on grades 11-12 topics, texts, and issues, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively.
Photograph of Indian petroglyphs, or rock carvings, at Newspaper Rock, Indian Creek State Park, Utah
Place in bin when complete, please!
Homework:
Complete Text Dependent Questions
Discuss in your groups...
All group members should be ready to share!
Create an example of each. Be ready to share!
Cooperative Group Roles

Leader

Time Keeper & Group Voice

Recorder

Presenter

Recorder

Records group responses neatly and completely
Makes sure everyone's name is on the final product
Ensures all questions are answered in complete questions
Helps with clean-up
Time Keeper/ Group Voice

Watches the clock
Keeps groups on task and reminds them about time
Asks group questions and get clarification from teacher
Leaves group to get materials
Helps with clean up
Leader

Reads all directions to group
Keeps everyone on task
Leads the discussions
Ensures respectful and relevant group participation
Helps with clean up
Asks the teacher questions
Presenter

Prepares presentation of findings to class
Presents information to class in a clear and knowledgeable manner
Answers audience questions
Helps with clean-up

Summative Assessment #2
Summative Assessment #1
Analyzing multiple
mediums (Visual Literacy):

What do we infer about Native Americans from this picture?
List 3 characteristics of Native Americans implied by this picture.
Be ready to take notes on the following:
Creation
Myth
Presentation
Remember
the elements of a Native American Myth!
Uniform Check
Address tardiness
No lining up at the door, please!
Each group will be assigned a myth.
Working together, read the text, discuss, and respond to the following questions. All group members should be ready to share!
Place Coyote Finishes His Work TDQ's with rubric attached in the bin, please!
Creation Myths Across Cultures
Today's tasks...
Work collaboratively to answer guided questions for your myth.
Assign tasks. Share google doc and presentation.
Work diligently and cooperatively to complete a narrative and presentation.
Questions to consider...
What is the purpose of my myth? What does my myth explain?
Who is the audience?
Who are the main characters? Are they animals?
What is the point of view?
What is the setting?
What is the conflict?
How is the conflict resolved?
Which archetypes will I include? Character archetypes? Archetypal images? Plot?
Where might I add figurative language (imagery, metaphors, personification)?
What is the theme or message? How will I show, not tell?
On the back: How does today's lesson relate to the standards?
October 29th
Do Now:
Journal entry # 3
Consider and describe the elements that are essential to writing a Narrative. What also should be included in your original Creation Myth?
Uniform Check
A Kahoot is coming!
Today's tasks...
Self and peer revise and edit narrative writing task
Share final copy with teacher
Complete presentation
Practice presentation!!!!
Be ready to present next class!
Extra checklist available on back counter
Presentation Requirements
Minimum 7-10 slides devoted entirely to the telling of your story
Minimum of 5 pictures to illustrate your myth
Final slide should include an explanation of the functions and characteristics demonstrated in your myth
See teacher for modifications for Voki and Voicethread
Exit Ticket
Please come to SAP for additional concerns or questions
Please note: Save ALL your work!
Presentation Day
http://prezi.com/bcadvdozi-de/?utm_campaign=share&utm_medium=copy
Presenters will also be required to respond to peer questioning
https://play.kahoot.it/#/k/5ac3ffd8-3044-4a64-9336-8dc4aa725311
1. What function(s) of myths does your chosen myth include?


2. What typical characteristics of myths are evident in your chosen creation myth?

Creation Myths Across Cultures
Which myth do you have?
You will also need a chromebook
Full transcript