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Transcript of Welcome To
Social Work Practice I
Robin DeLuca-Acconi, LCSW
631 367 6848
Glicken, M.D. Using the Strengths Perspective in Social Work Practice
Shulman, L. The Skills of Helping Individuals
What led you to study social work?
Share one interesting fact about yourself
Purdue Online Writing Lab
Foundation for a Generalist Practice
Effective Practice with Individuals
Across Client Systems and across the Life Span
We are all born under different circumstances
Graduate with MSW
For LCSW, 3 years of approved supervised clinical practice-keep track and have supervisors sign off
What would you like to get out of this class?
What are your goals as a social worker?
Maintaining the status quo- Social work seen as an indispensable
tool of the social order. Its function is to produce
and maintain the capitalist state machine and to
ensure working class subordination.
Progressive change agents-
Social workers can be seen as a catalyst for social change.
Social workers work with the oppressed and marginalized and can
transform society into a more just state
Radical change agents-
Social workers question structural and societal functions.
While they may act as an instrument of class control,
social workers can simultaneously create the conditions
for a radical change of policy and ideology.
Generalist Social Work
First, human behavior is inextricably connected to the social and physical environment.
Second, Opportunities for enhancing the functioning of any human system include changing the system itself, modifying its interactions with the environment, and altering systems within its environment.
Third, work Social work intervention with all human systems requires an exchange of information through some form of dialogue, a process of discovery to locate resources for change, and a phase of development to accomplish the purposes of the work.
Finally, generalist practitioners have responsibilities beyond direct practice to work toward just social policies as well as to conduct and apply research.
Intervention focuses on work with people individually, in families, or in small groups to foster changes within personal functioning, in social relationships, and in the ways people interact with social and institutional resources.
Social workers draw on the knowledge and skills of clinical practice, including strategies such as crisis intervention, family therapy, linkage and referral, and the use of group process.
Microlevel Interventions Individuals, Families, and Small Groups
Mezzolevel Interventions Organizations and Formal Groups
Macrolevel Intervention Communities and Societies
Married John Huey Addams in 1844 in Pennsylvania
Moved to Illinois
Gave birth to 8 children (4 survived to adulthood)
Jane was the youngest
Sarah died during her ninth pregnancy in 1862
Decline of the Movement
Adoption of various reforms
Creation of the Social Work profession
Creation of federal, state, and local government agencies
As social work was professionalized, it became
Transition to the neighborhood center
Settlement House Movement
Saw need for both individual change and societal change
Engaged clients in social change
History of Social Work parallels the history of community organizing
Response to the paradoxical history of American Society
(i.e., espousing freedom while only land-owning men were allowed to vote for much of our history)
Fairly well-to-do, college graduates
Women had few outlets for talents or education
Concentrated on problems of an entire area and neighborhood
Looked at strengths rather than weaknesses
Provide an atmosphere where people of different backgrounds
and positions in life could cooperate
Residence, reform, research
“Aid in the solutions of life in a great city,
to help our neighbors build responsible, self-sufficient lives for
themselves and their families.”
“To provide a center for a higher civic and social life; to
institute and maintain educational and enterprises, and to investigate
and improve the conditions in the industrial districts
Live and work with the urban poor
Be objective and positive
Base work on needs and desires of their neighbors
Bolster self-respect and accept people for who they are
Encourage people to retain and be proud of their own
Old World traditions
The Progressive Movement
Hull House became a world center for social reform activity
Became involved in city-wide and state-wide campaigns for:
improvements in public welfare
stricter child-labor laws
protection of working women
Engaged in speeches, writing articles
Addams helped found the Progressive Party
Hull House Settlement, Chicago, IL
a girls' club
a book bindery
a music school
a drama group
Hull House Facilities
night school for adults
clubs for older children
a public kitchen
an art gallery
Generalist Intervention Model
Substantively and effectively prepare for action
Use empathy and other interpersonal skills
Develop a mutually agreed-on focus of work and desired outcomes
Collect, organize, and interpret client data
Assess client strengths and limitations
Develop mutually agreed-on intervention goals and objectives
Select appropriate intervention strategies
nitiate actions to achieve organizational goals
Implement prevention interventions that enhance client capacities
Help clients resolve problems
Negotiate, mediate, and advocate for clients
Facilitate transitions and endings
Critically analyze, monitor, and evaluate interventions
Settlement work began in 1880s as reaction to organized charity
Goal was to bridge the gap between races and classes
Eliminate the sources of distress
Improve urban living and working conditions through the preventive approach
Built by John Hull at 800 South Halsted Street
Mezzo level intervention creates changes in task groups, teams, organizations, and the network of service delivery. In other words, the locus for change is within orga- nizations and formal groups, including their structures, goals, or functions.
Macrolevel intervention addresses social problems in community, institutional, and societal systems. At this level, generalist practitioners work to achieve social change through neighborhood organizing, community planning, locality development, public education, policy development, and social action.
Take Licensing Exam for LMSW
Every week a question/ point of discussion will be posted on Blackboard. You are expected to respond every week unless it is your turn to present an article/ current event for that week.
I will post by the question by Saturday evening.
Please post your response no later than the following Thursday Evening. Discussions will be based on readings for that week.
This is part of your class participation grade.
Attendance is mandatory
While you are in class, you are expected
to be present in class.
Please put away the phones,
unless I ask you to use them for an activity.
If you are using a computer
please use to take notes, not for other purposes.
Each absence deducts from final grade.
If more than three classes (or the
equivalent of three classes) are missed,
there is no way to pass the course.
Importance of Relationships
: Social workers recognize the central importance of human relationships.
: Social workers behave in a trustworthy manner.
: Social workers practice within their areas of competence and develop and enhance their professional expertise.
NASW Code of Ethics-Core Values
Social workers’ primary goal is to
help people in need and to address
: Social workers challenge
Dignity and Worth
: Social workers respect the inherent dignity and worth of the person.
As social workers why is it important to use our voices for social justice?
Clint Smith said "Silence if the residue of fear"
When have you felt silenced in the face of injustice?
What do you wish you have said?
What is one place/area that you want to use your voice as a social worker?
The Nature of Ethics’ Mistakes
“Most social workers who find themselves in the midst of ethics-related controversies have not engaged in serious misconduct . . . Rather, ethical issues in social work often take the form of what can only be described as mistakes made by talented, conscientious, and dedicated practitioners. . . these are situations where good social workers slip on the proverbial banana peel and violate ethical standards. [Frederick G. Reamer, Ph.D., Nov. 30, 2011]”
From Shelek-Furbee (2014)