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Year 10 Illicit Drugs

A brief guide to the different types of illicit drugs.

Hayley Tagell

on 18 August 2015

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Transcript of Year 10 Illicit Drugs

A guide to the different types of drugs
Psychoactive drugs
Drugs can be classified into groups, for example legal versus illegal, hard versus soft. However, these categories can be confusing and misleading. As more evidence becomes available, the legal status of drugs may alter with time and location: for example, the legal status of cannabis use changes in different states and territories.
What is a drug?
The term ‘drug’ refers to any substance, with the exception of food and water, which when
taken into the body alters the way the body functions, physically and/or psychologically.
This is a very general definition from the World Health Organization (WHO, 1982) but it has
to be broad to account for all the drugs that exist.
‘Psychoactive’ drugs;
are drugs that affect the user's central nervous system (CNS) and alter the user's mood, thinking and behaviour. Not all drugs are psychoactive (for example antibiotics) but majority are. They are grouped into four categories.
1. Depressants
Decrease activity of the CNS. Includes slowing of the heart rate and breathing.
For example alcohol and heroin.
2. Stimulants
Increase the activity of the CNS and arouse the body, increasing heart rate and breathing.
For example coffee, amphetamines, tobacco and cocaine
3. Hallucinogens
Affect the CNS by causing perceptual distortions and sometimes true hallucinations.
For example LSD
4. Multiple Action Drugs
Have more than one effect. For example cannabis can have both depressant and hallucinogenic effects, and ecstasy can have both stimulant and hallucinogenic effects.
As a group of 3-4 you need to discuss, research and apply knowledge of different illicit drugs.

Check out the post it notes and choose an illicit to find information on.
Create a Fact & Information sheet Information that will be given to the rest of the students in the class.

You will need to find out and include.....
The slang or street names of your drug
Which category of drug it falls into and why
Short term and long term effects the drug may have on an individual
Legal staus in Victoria - including the use of the drug, possession of drug and dealing of the drug
Statistics on users of the drug in Australia (or Victoria if available)
Treatment to curb addiction or use of the drug
A video, story or news article that highlights the dangers or side-effects of the drug
Any other interesting or relvant information about the drug
Full transcript