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Archetypes Notes

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Cassie Friend

on 2 September 2016

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Transcript of Archetypes Notes

Archetypes
Notes

Situational Archetypes
The Quest
search for someone or something which when found and brought back will restore land
The Initiation
Usually takes the form of an initiation into adult life. The adolescent comes into his/her maturity with new awareness and problems along with new hope for the community. This awakening is often the climax of the story.
The Task
To save the kingdom, to win the fair lady, to identify himself so that he may resume his rightful position, the hero must perform some nearly superhuman deed.
The Task is not the same as the Quest. The Task is one function of the ultimate goal, the restoration of the land.
The Magic Weapon
This symbolizes the extraordinary quality of the hero because no one else can wield the weapon or use it to its full potential. It is usually presented by a mentor figure.
The Ritual
These are actual ceremonies the initiate experiences that will mark his rite of passage into another state. The importance of these rites cannot be over stressed as they provide clear signs of the character's role in society as well as our position in this world.
The Journey
The journey sends the hero in search for some truth or information necessary to restore the kingdom. Usually the hero descends into some real or psychological hell and is forced to discover the blackest truths, quite often concerning his faults. Once the hero is at this lowest point, he must accept personal responsibility to return to the world of the living. A second use of this pattern is the depiction of a limited number of travelers on a sear voyage, bus ride , or any other trip for the purpose of isolating them and using them as a microcosm of society.
The Fall
Describes a descent from a higher to a lower state of being. The experience involves a defilement and/or loss of innocence and bliss. The fall is often accompanied by expulsion from a kind of paradise as penalty for disobedience and moral transgression.
Death & Rebirth
This motif grows out of the parallel between the cycle of nature and the cycle of life. Thus morning and springtime represent birth, youth, or rebirth; evening and winter suggest old age and death.
Nature vs. Mechanical World
Nature is good while technology and society are often evil.
Battle between Good & Evil
This is the battle between two primal forces. Mankind shows eternal optimism in the continual portayal of good triumphing over evil despite great odds.
Unhealable Wound
The wound is either physical OR psychological and cannot be healed fully. The wound also indicates loss of innocence. These wounds always ache and often drive the sufferer to desperate measures.
Character Archetypes
The Hero
Life of the protagonist can be clearly divided into a series of well-marked adventures which strongly suggest a ritualistic pattern.
Traditionally, the hero's mother is a virgin, the circumstances of this conception are unusual, and at birth some attempt is made to kill him.
He is however, spirited away and reared by foster parents.
We know almost nothing of his childhood, but upon reaching manhood he returns to his future kingdom.
After a victory over a king or wild beast, he marries a princess, becomes king, reigns uneventfully, but later loses favor with the gods.
He is then driven from the city after which he meets a mysterious death, often at the top of a hill.
His body is not buried, but nevertheless, he has one or more holy sepulchers.
The Young Man from the Provinces
The hero is spirited away as a young man and raised by strangers. He later returns to his home and heritge where he is a stranger who can see new problems with new solutions.
The Initiates
These are young heroes or heroines who, prior to their quest, must endure some training and ceremony. They are usually innocent and often wear white.
The Mentor
These individuals serve as teachers or counselors to the initiates. Sometimes they work as role models and often serve as a father or mother figure.
The Devil Figure
Evil incarnate-this character offers worlds goods, fame, or knowledge to the protagonist in exchange for possession of the soul.
Father-Son Conflict
Tensions often result from separation during childhood or from an external source when the individuals meet as men and where the mentor often has a higher place in the affections of the hero than the natural parent.
The Outcast
A figure who is banished from a social group for some crime (real or imagined) against his fellow man. The outcast is usually destined to become a wanderer from place to place.
The Scapegoat
An animal or more usually a human whose death in a public ceremony expiates some taint or sin that has been visited upon a community. Their death often makes them a more powerful force in the society than when they lived.
Star-Crossed Lovers
These two characters are engaged in a love affair that is fated to end tragically for one or both due to the disapproval of the society, friends, or family, or some tragic situation.
Hunting Group of Companions
Loyal companions willing to face any number of perils in order to be together.
Loyal Retainers
These individuals are somewhat like servants who are heroic themselves. Their duty is to protect the hero and reflect the nobility of the hero.
The Creature of Nightmare
A monster usually summoned from the deepest, darkest part of the human psyche to threaten the lives of the hero/heroine. Often it is a perversion or desecration of the human body.
Friendly Beasts
This implies that nature supports the hero.
The Apparently Evil Figure with an Ultimately Good Heart
A redeemable devil figure saved by the nobility or love of the hero.
The Woman Figure
The Earth Mother - Symbolic of fruition, abundance, and fertility, this character traditionally offers spiritual and emotional nourishment to those with whom she comes in contact. She is often depicted in earth colors and has large breasts and hips symbolic of her childbearing capabilities
The Temptress - Characterized by sensuous beauty, this woman is one to whom the protagonist is physically attracted and who ultimately brings about his downfall
The Platonic Ideal - This woman is a source of inspiration and spiritual ideal, for which the protagonist or author has an intellectual rather than a physical attraction.
The Damsel in Distress - The vulnerable woman who must be rescued by the hero. She often is used as a trap to snare the unsuspecting hero.
Symbolic
Archetypes

Light vs. Darkness
Light usually suggests hope, renewal, or intellectual illumination; darkness implies the unknown, ignorance, and despair.
Water vs. Desert
Because water is necessary to life and growth, it commonly appears as a birth or rebirth symbol. Water is used in baptismal services, which solemnizes spiritual battle.
Heaven vs. Hell
Man has traditionally associated parts of the universe not accessible to him with the dwelling places of the primordial forces that govern his world. The skies and mountain tops house his gods; the bowels of the earth contain the diabolic forces that inhabit his universe.
Innate Wisdom vs. Educated Stupidity
Some characters exhibit wisdom and understanding of situations instinctively as opposed to those supposedly in charge. Loyal retainers often exhibit this wisdom as they accompany the hero on the journey.
Supernatural Intervenion
The gods intervene on the side of the hero or sometimes against him.
Fire vs. Ice
Fire represents knowledge, light, life, rebirth
while ice like desert represents ignorance, darkness, sterility, and death.
The unconscious mind tends not to make fine distinctions, but thinks in terms of polarities. Thus when archetypes appear in literature, they usually evoke their primordial opposites.
Good is in conflict with evil; birth symbols are juxtaposed with death images; descriptions of heaven are counted with depictions of hell; and for every Penelope, there is usually a Circe to act as a character foil and therefore balance the archetypal scales.
What is an archetype?
Created by Carl Jung, a swiss psychiatrist and founder of analytical psychiatry.
Greek word meaning “original pattern, or model.”
In literature, an archetype is a character, an event, a story or an image that recurs in different works, in different cultures and in different periods of time.
Recurring patterns of situation, character, or symbol existing universally and instinctively in the collective unconscious.

Complete this quiz and record your grade next to your name on your archetypes notes.
http://www.sporcle.com/games/OPPA_PSY/archetypes-and-symbolism-in-literature


So do you know your archetypes now?
Full transcript