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Teacher Education in Nigeria

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philip Chima

on 25 March 2013

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Transcript of Teacher Education in Nigeria


Teaching Regulatory Council of Nigeria.

To improve mentoring and supervions.
Verification of courses and program in teacher training institution as conform to professional standards.
Accrediting all teacher training for uniformity and meeting set Standards.
To promote excellence by mandatory continuing professional development and maintenance of discipline.
To match teacher quality, discipline, professionalism, reward and dignity with international standards. Reforms Program Prior to independence there were differing and confusing systems of training school teachers.
Inconsistent polices from 1960 to 1976, because of various problems National and Regional priorities, civil war.
Constant changes in country’s leadership affects focus of teacher education.
The major obstacle preventing it from becoming professional body has been the lack of exact educational training for everyone.
Low status and recognition to teachers in society that has not enable to attract the right calibre of people in to it.
Teacher education is treated from economic perspective of production and maintaince which attract some cost to government. Challenges of Teacher Education in Nigeria Teaching in College of education, at least a master’s degree is required, while a doctoral degree is required for teaching in universities. Lecturers in College of education are required to have a teaching qualifications.

Holders of specialised qualification like the national Diplomas awarded by the polytechnics can be employed to teach is secondary schools and technical colleges. Continuation of progress in Teacher education 4. 1960, the idea of Advanced Teacher’s College a two year teacher training, which will be associated with the Institutes of education of Universities will award Grade II certificate.
5. 1976, Universal Free primary education (UPE) by the Federal government of Nigeria, there was deaths of qualified teachers with the majority of the teachers recruited being trainees who underwent a one year crash program in the pivotal teachers colleges set up by government of the time.
1998, the 3rd edition of the National Policy on Education, raised the minimum standard for entry into the teaching profession from Teachers Grade II Certificate to the National certificate of Education (NCE). A three year post Senior secondary training program.
Bachelor of Education degree or the single subject bachelor degree plus a post-graduate diploma in education is required at the Senior Secondary school. Teacher education is commonly referred to as teacher training.
The history of teacher education is coterminous with the history of education, one can calm that its beginning dates back to the coming of the Christian missionaries in the second half of the 19th century.
From literature, authors have the congruent opinion that it was the missionaries who initiated the teacher education system in Nigeria, although there is disagreement as to the year, when formal teacher training started.
Taiwo ,(1980), credited the Church missionary society (CMS), with initiating teacher training in Nigeria Abeokuta, Solaru (1964), and Fafunwa (1974) credited the same CMS with establishing the first teacher training college in 1959.
Adesina, (1977), cited 1896 when the CMS opened St. Andrews College Oyo.
2. The Education Code of 1926 gave rise to the formation of the Nigerian Union of Teachers (NUT), when all the existing teacher associations which were concerned mainly with the improvement of the school system and welfare of teachers came together under one umbrella in1931 for the purpose of fighting the cause of teachers.
3. The UPE proposal that the western Region in 1952, preparatory to the final take- off of the program in 1955, the grade1 teacher was the highest level of professionally qualified teachers in Nigeria until 1960. History & Progress of Teacher education in Nigeria. Training differs from education. “While the skills knowledge and attitude acquired in training are directed to improve performance in a specific vocation, that of education is a broad knowledge, skills and attitude not directed to any particular job training does not take place in a vacuum. It involves people, money and materials”. (Afe, 1993).
Education according to “Brembeck, (1966). Can kill or heal, bind up or tear apart, lift or deprave. It can be defined as the aggregate of all processes by means of which a person develops abilities, skills and other force of behaviour of positive ( and sometimes of negative) value in society which she/he lives”. (Fafunwa, 1982).
Teaching has existed for ages so that sometimes it is difficult to trace precisely its origin. It is one of the oldest of human activates or occupations. “ as an activity it consists of a body of actions intended to induced learning through the conscious and deliberate efforts by a matured experienced person to impart knowledge, information, skills attitudes beliefs etc to an immature or less experienced persons” (Afe, 1998).
Teacher Educations “ is that component of any education system charged with the education and training of teachers to acquire the competencies and skills of teaching for the improvement in the quality of teachers for the school system” (Afe, 1993). Concepts Related to Teacher Education/Training
This policy introduced the 6-3-3-4 educational system modelled after the American system of 6 years primary school education, 3years of Junior secondary school, 3 years senior secondary school and 4 years of University education.
5. 1998 National Policy on education: Constitution (Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999, p. 29) gave impetus to ensuring the following:
1.equal and adequate educational opportunities for all at all levels of the educational system;
2.promotion of science and technology;
3 .Eradication of illiteracy through the provision of

a)free compulsory universal primary education, and
b)free university education, and
c)free adult literacy programme.


















 

 

 
 

 

  2. In 1842 the Christian missionaries educational philosophy was “ enable recipient to learn to read the Bible in English and local languages, gardening and agriculture as well as train local school masters, catechists and Clergymen”.
3. 1959 Ashby Report on education gave this statement ” that education was indeed the tool of achieving national economic expansion and the social emancipation of the individual”.
4. 1997 national Policy on education, was geared towards problems solving.
-- Education relevant to the needs and aspirations of Nigerians.
- Promoting Nigeria’s unity and laying the foundation for national integration.
-Realising a self- reliant and self- sufficient nation to meet the country’s developmental needs. Cont. These policies could in other words or concept be called the Framework of education/ Educational Philosophies on which the nations educational system is built.
The traditional curriculum of education of the various ethnic group before the advent of western educational system could be summed up as” developing the Childs' physical skills , character, intellectual skills and sense of belonging to the community as well as inculcating respect for elders and giving specific vocational training and understanding and appreciation of the community’s cultural heritage.” (Fafunwa, 2004). These are carried out informally and by orality. The Policies of Education in Nigeria Nigeria Population
The total population in Nigeria was last recorded at 162.5 million people in 2011 from 45.2 million in 1960, changing 260 percent during the last 50 years. Population in Nigeria is reported by the World Bank. Historically, from 1960 until 2011, Nigeria Population averaged 92.0 Million reaching an all time high of 162.5 Million in December of 2011 and a record low of 45.2 Million in December of 1960. The population of Nigeria represents 2.35 percent of the world´s total population which arguably means that one person in every 43 people on the planet is a resident of Nigeria. This page includes a chart with historical data for Nigeria Population Reform Programs Teacher Continuing Educations/In service Training
Training in designated institutions and educational resource centers (eg National mathematical Center, Nigeria Education Technology Centre).

Training through seminars and workshops usually organized during long vacations; these usually provide opportunities for the dissemination of new ideas and innovations.

Correspondence degree programs.

4. Distance teacher education programs offered by the National Teachers' Institute for under-qualified or unqualified serving teachers. Teacher Education Curriculum Regulatory Bodies

National Commission for Colleges of Education NCCE, the NCE course is drawn up by the National Commission for Colleges of Education charged with the accreditations of program.

National Universities Commission NUC Teacher Education is drawn up, along with all other undergraduate curricula, by the Commission that accredits university under graduate program.

National Teachers Institute NTI, is charged with academic oriented continuing education programs like Workshops and short courses. University of Ibadan Founded in1948 In 2004, the National Policy on Education was once more revised. This is the latest revised educational policy and 4th edition. Generally, the National Policy of Education in Nigeria is based on the dynamic model of formulating educational policies, which is adaptive to changes and most appropriate for a developing country and multi-ethnic nation like Nigeria. The policy has the following peculiarities:
1)It set specific objectives for the nation and its education;
2)it addressed the problem of unity and laid foundation for national integration;
3)It aimed at realising a self-reliant and self-sufficient nation to meet the country’s developmental needs.
4)It gave a comprehensive structure of educational system and laid the foundation for the 6-3-3-4 system of education in Nigeria (i.e. six years primary schooling, three years junior secondary education, three years senior secondary school and four years university education); Snapshots of Nigerian history .
The nation called Nigeria came into being in 1914 after the amalgamation of the Northern and Southern protectorates by the British Government.
Nigeria had its Independence from the British government and became a self governing nation in October 1st 1960.
Nigeria had its civil war 1967 to 1969.
Nigeria is made up of about 250 Ethnic groups, with 3 languages recognised as major and English as the official language.
The nation due to its pluralistic society adopted a Federal Structure of Government.
Nigeria is currently made up of 36 states and a Federal Capital Territory. The Map of Nigeria Reform Programs
Teaching Regulatory Council of Nigeria.

To improve mentoring and supervions.
Verification of courses and program in teacher training institution as conform to professional standards.
Accrediting all teacher training for uniformity and meeting set Standards.
To promote excellence by mandatory continuing professional development and maintenance of discipline.
To match teacher quality, discipline, professionalism, reward and dignity with international standards. Reforms Program Teacher Continuing Educations/In service Training
Training in designated institutions and educational resource centers (eg National mathematical Center, Nigeria Education Technology Centre).

Training through seminars and workshops usually organized during long vacations; these usually provide opportunities for the dissemination of new ideas and innovations.

Correspondence degree programs.

4. Distance teacher education programs offered by the National Teachers' Institute for under-qualified or unqualified serving teachers. Teacher Education Curriculum Regulatory Bodies

National Commission for Colleges of Education NCCE, the NCE course is drawn up by the National Commission for Colleges of Education charged with the accreditations of program.

National Universities Commission NUC Teacher Education is drawn up, along with all other undergraduate curricula, by the Commission that accredits university under graduate program.

National Teachers Institute NTI, is charged with academic oriented continuing education programs like Workshops and short courses. 4. 1960, the idea of Advanced Teacher’s College a two year teacher training, which will be associated with the Institutes of education of Universities will award Grade II certificate.
5. 1976, Universal Free primary education (UPE) by the Federal government of Nigeria, there was deaths of qualified teachers with the majority of the teachers recruited being trainees who underwent a one year crash program in the pivotal teachers colleges set up by government of the time.
1998, the 3rd edition of the National Policy on Education, raised the minimum standard for entry into the teaching profession from Teachers Grade II Certificate to the National certificate of Education (NCE). A three year post Senior secondary training program.
Bachelor of Education degree or the single subject bachelor degree plus a post-graduate diploma in education is required at the Senior Secondary school. Teacher education is commonly referred to as teacher training.
The history of teacher education is coterminous with the history of education, one can calm that its beginning dates back to the coming of the Christian missionaries in the second half of the 19th century.
From literature, authors have the congruent opinion that it was the missionaries who initiated the teacher education system in Nigeria, although there is disagreement as to the year, when formal teacher training started.
Taiwo ,(1980), credited the Church missionary society (CMS), with initiating teacher training in Nigeria Abeokuta, Solaru (1964), and Fafunwa (1974) credited the same CMS with establishing the first teacher training college in 1959.
Adesina, (1977), cited 1896 when the CMS opened St. Andrews College Oyo.
2. The Education Code of 1926 gave rise to the formation of the Nigerian Union of Teachers (NUT), when all the existing teacher associations which were concerned mainly with the improvement of the school system and welfare of teachers came together under one umbrella in1931 for the purpose of fighting the cause of teachers.
3. The UPE proposal that the western Region in 1952, preparatory to the final take- off of the program in 1955, the grade1 teacher was the highest level of professionally qualified teachers in Nigeria until 1960. History & Progress of Teacher education in Nigeria. University of Ibadan Founded in1948 Training differs from education. “While the skills knowledge and attitude acquired in training are directed to improve performance in a specific vocation, that of education is a broad knowledge, skills and attitude not directed to any particular job training does not take place in a vacuum. It involves people, money and materials”. (Afe, 1993).
Education according to “Brembeck, (1966). Can kill or heal, bind up or tear apart, lift or deprave. It can be defined as the aggregate of all processes by means of which a person develops abilities, skills and other force of behaviour of positive ( and sometimes of negative) value in society which she/he lives”. (Fafunwa, 1982).
Teaching has existed for ages so that sometimes it is difficult to trace precisely its origin. It is one of the oldest of human activates or occupations. “ as an activity it consists of a body of actions intended to induced learning through the conscious and deliberate efforts by a matured experienced person to impart knowledge, information, skills attitudes beliefs etc to an immature or less experienced persons” (Afe, 1998).
Teacher Educations “ is that component of any education system charged with the education and training of teachers to acquire the competencies and skills of teaching for the improvement in the quality of teachers for the school system” (Afe, 1993). Concepts Related to Teacher Education/Training In 2004, the National Policy on Education was once more revised. This is the latest revised educational policy and 4th edition. Generally, the National Policy of Education in Nigeria is based on the dynamic model of formulating educational policies, which is adaptive to changes and most appropriate for a developing country and multi-ethnic nation like Nigeria. The policy has the following peculiarities:
1)It set specific objectives for the nation and its education;
2)it addressed the problem of unity and laid foundation for national integration;
3)It aimed at realising a self-reliant and self-sufficient nation to meet the country’s developmental needs.
4)It gave a comprehensive structure of educational system and laid the foundation for the 6-3-3-4 system of education in Nigeria (i.e. six years primary schooling, three years junior secondary education, three years senior secondary school and four years university education);
This policy introduced the 6-3-3-4 educational system modelled after the American system of 6 years primary school education, 3years of Junior secondary school, 3 years senior secondary school and 4 years of University education.
5. 1998 National Policy on education: Constitution (Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999, p. 29) gave impetus to ensuring the following:
1.equal and adequate educational opportunities for all at all levels of the educational system;
2.promotion of science and technology;
3 .Eradication of illiteracy through the provision of

a)free compulsory universal primary education, and
b)free university education, and
c)free adult literacy programme.


















 

 

 
 

 

  2. In 1842 the Christian missionaries educational philosophy was “ enable recipient to learn to read the Bible in English and local languages, gardening and agriculture as well as train local school masters, catechists and Clergymen”.
3. 1959 Ashby Report on education gave this statement ” that education was indeed the tool of achieving national economic expansion and the social emancipation of the individual”.
4. 1997 national Policy on education, was geared towards problems solving.
-- Education relevant to the needs and aspirations of Nigerians.
- Promoting Nigeria’s unity and laying the foundation for national integration.
-Realising a self- reliant and self- sufficient nation to meet the country’s developmental needs. Cont. Nigeria Population
The total population in Nigeria was last recorded at 162.5 million people in 2011 from 45.2 million in 1960, changing 260 percent during the last 50 years. Population in Nigeria is reported by the World Bank. Historically, from 1960 until 2011, Nigeria Population averaged 92.0 Million reaching an all time high of 162.5 Million in December of 2011 and a record low of 45.2 Million in December of 1960. The population of Nigeria represents 2.35 percent of the world´s total population which arguably means that one person in every 43 people on the planet is a resident of Nigeria. This page includes a chart with historical data for Nigeria Population Snapshot of the history of the country.
The nation called Nigeria came into being in 1914 after the amalgamation of the Northern and Southern protectorates by the British Government.
Nigeria had its Independence from the British government and became a self governing nation in October 1st 1960.
Nigeria had its civil war 1967 to 1969.
Nigeria is made up of about 250 Ethnic groups, with 3 languages recognised as major and English as the official language.
The nation due to its pluralistic society adopted a Federal Structure of Government.
Nigeria is currently made up of 36 states and a Federal Capital Territory. The Map of Nigeria Teacher Education in Nigeria Prior to independence there were differing and confusing systems of training school teachers.
Inconsistent polices from 1960 to 1976, because of various problems National and Regional priorities, civil war.
Constant changes in country’s leadership affects focus of teacher education.
The major obstacle preventing it from becoming professional body has been the lack of exact educational training for everyone.
Low status and recognition to teachers in society that has not enable to attract the right calibre of people in to it.
Teacher education is treated from economic perspective of production and maintaince which attract some cost to government. Challenges of Teacher Education in Nigeria These policies could in other words or concept be called the Framework of education/ Educational Philosophies on which the nations educational system is built.
The traditional curriculum of education of the various ethnic group before the advent of western educational system could be summed up as” developing the Childs' physical skills , character, intellectual skills and sense of belonging to the community as well as inculcating respect for elders and giving specific vocational training and understanding and appreciation of the community’s cultural heritage.” (Fafunwa, 2004). These are carried out informally and by orality. The Policies of Education in Nigeria Teaching in College of education, at least a master’s degree is required, while a doctoral degree is required for teaching in universities. Lecturers in College of education are required to have a teaching qualifications.

Holders of specialised qualification like the national Diplomas awarded by the polytechnics can be employed to teach is secondary schools and technical colleges. Continuation of progress in Teacher education Prior to independence there were differing and confusing systems of training school teachers.
Inconsistent polices from 1960 to 1976, because of various problems National and Regional priorities, civil war.
Constant changes in country’s leadership affects focus of teacher education.
The major obstacle preventing it from becoming professional body has been the lack of exact educational training for everyone.
Low status and recognition to teachers in society that has not enable to attract the right caliber of people in to it.
Teacher education is treated from economic perspective of production and maintaince which attract some cost to government. Challenges of Teacher Education in Nigeria Teacher Continuing Educations/In service Training

Training in designated institutions and educational resource centers (eg National mathematical Center, Nigeria Education Technology Centre).

Training through seminars and workshops usually organized during long vacations; these usually provide opportunities for the dissemination of new ideas and innovations.

Correspondence degree programs.

Distance teacher education programs offered by the National Teachers' Institute for under-qualified or unqualified serving teachers. Teacher Education Curriculum Regulatory Bodies

National Commission for Colleges of Education NCCE, the NCE course is drawn up by the National Commission for Colleges of Education charged with the accreditation of program.

National Universities Commission NUC Teacher Education is drawn up, along with all other undergraduate curricula, by the Commission that accredits university under graduate program.

National Teachers Institute NTI, is charged with academic oriented continuing education programs like Workshops and short courses. Teaching in College of education, at least a master’s degree is required, while a doctoral degree is required for teaching in universities. Lecturers in College of education are required to have a teaching qualifications.

Holders of specialized qualification like the national Diplomas awarded by the polytechnics can be employed to teach is secondary schools and technical colleges. Continuation of progress in Teacher education 4. 1960, the idea of Advanced Teacher’s College a two year teacher training, which will be associated with the Institutes of education of Universities will award Grade II certificate.
5. 1976, Universal Free primary education (UPE) by the Federal government of Nigeria, there was deaths of qualified teachers with the majority of the teachers recruited being trainees who underwent a one year crash program in the pivotal teachers colleges set up by government of the time.
6. 1998, the 3rd edition of the National Policy on Education, raised the minimum standard for entry into the teaching profession from Teachers Grade II Certificate to the National certificate of Education (NCE). A three year post Senior secondary training program.
Bachelor of Education degree or the single subject bachelor degree plus a post-graduate diploma in education is required at the Senior Secondary school. Teacher education is commonly referred to as teacher training.

The history of teacher education is coterminous with the history of education, one can calm that its beginning dates back to the coming of the Christian missionaries in the second half of the 19th century.
From literature, authors have the congruent opinion that it was the missionaries who initiated the teacher education system in Nigeria, although there is disagreement as to the year, when formal teacher training started.
Taiwo ,(1980), credited the Church missionary society (CMS), with initiating teacher training in Nigeria Abeokuta, Solaru (1964), and Fafunwa (1974) credited the same CMS with establishing the first teacher training college in 1959.
Adesina, (1977), cited 1896 when the CMS opened St. Andrews College Oyo.
2. The Education Code of 1926 gave rise to the formation of the Nigerian Union of Teachers (NUT), when all the existing teacher associations which were concerned mainly with the improvement of the school system and welfare of teachers came together under one umbrella in1931 for the purpose of fighting the cause of teachers.
3. The UPE proposal that the western Region in 1952, preparatory to the final take- off of the program in 1955, the grade1 teacher was the highest level of professionally qualified teachers in Nigeria until 1960. History & Progress of Teacher education in Nigeria. University of Ibadan Founded in1948
T












 

 

 
 

 

  2. In 1842 the Christian missionaries educational philosophy was “ enable recipient to learn to read the Bible in English and local languages, gardening and agriculture as well as train local school masters, catechists and Clergymen”.
3. 1959 Ashby Report on education gave this statement ” that education was indeed the tool of achieving national economic expansion and the social emancipation of the individual”.
4. 1997 national Policy on education, was geared towards problems solving.
-- Education relevant to the needs and aspirations of Nigerians.
- Promoting Nigeria’s unity and laying the foundation for national integration.
-Realising a self- reliant and self- sufficient nation to meet the country’s developmental needs. Cont. Nigeria Population

The total population in Nigeria was last recorded at 162.5 million people in 2011 .

From 45.2 million in 1960, changing 260 percent during the last 50 years.

The population of Nigeria represents 2.35 percent of the world´s total population which arguably means that one person in every 43 people on the planet is a resident of Nigeria. Snapshot of the history of the country.
The nation called Nigeria came into being in 1914 after the amalgamation of the Northern and Southern protectorates by the British Government.
Nigeria had its Independence from the British government and became a self governing nation in October 1st 1960.
Nigeria had its civil war 1967 to 1969.
Nigeria is made up of about 250 Ethnic groups, with 3 languages recognised as major and English as the official language.
The nation due to its pluralistic society adopted a Federal Structure of Government.
Nigeria is currently made up of 36 states and a Federal Capital Territory. The Map of Nigeria Teacher Education in Nigeria
Teaching Regulatory Council of Nigeria.

To improve mentoring and supervision.
Verification of courses and program in teacher training institution as conform to professional standards.

Accrediting all teacher training for uniformity and meeting set Standards.

To promote excellence by mandatory continuing professional development and maintenance of discipline.

To match teacher quality, discipline, professionalism, reward and dignity with international standards.

To create standardized salary scale for the profession.

Unification of all the teaching associations.
Reforms Program In 2004, the National Policy on Education was once more revised. This is the latest revised educational policy and 4th edition. Generally, the National Policy of Education in Nigeria is based on the dynamic model of formulating educational policies, which is adaptive to changes and most appropriate for a developing country and multi-ethnic nation like Nigeria. The policy has the following peculiarities:
1)It set specific objectives for the nation and its education;
2)it addressed the problem of unity and laid foundation for national integration;
3)It aimed at realising a self-reliant and self-sufficient nation to meet the country’s developmental needs.
4)It gave a comprehensive structure of educational system and laid the foundation for the 6-3-3-4 system of education in Nigeria (i.e. six years primary schooling, three years junior secondary education, three years senior secondary school and four years university education); These policies could in other words or concept be called the Framework of education/ Educational Philosophies on which the nations educational system is built.
The traditional curriculum of education of the various ethnic group before the advent of western educational system could be summed up as” developing the Childs' physical skills , character, intellectual skills and sense of belonging to the community as well as inculcating respect for elders and giving specific vocational training and understanding and appreciation of the community’s cultural heritage.” (Fafunwa, 2004). These are carried out informally and by orality. The Policies of Education in Nigeria The seminar presentation
Snapshots of Nigeria history
National Policies on Education
History and progress of Teacher education
Challenges
Reform programs

What should teacher education be based policy or national needs?
Full transcript