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Group Project: Group 3:
Transcript of Group Project: Group 3:
Professor:Dr. Dominique Charlotteaux Kionna Howard Gardner has devoted most of his career toward the research of multiple intelligence and the thinking and practices within education. He has impacted the way that teachers approach learning material and how it is delivered. He has delivered insight in how students think and process information which has had a major impact on the educators within the United States . Howard Gardner Develops the theory of
Multiple Intelligences Intrapersonal intelligence Linguistic Intelligence Logical-mathematical intelligence Musical Intelligence Bodily-
Kinesthetic Intelligence Spatial Intelligence Interpersonal Intelligence In the world that we live in children face many obstacles in order to learn and comprehend the things that are being introduced and taught to them for the very first time. Having difficulty when the language barrier is the problem can set that child back where he /she cannot produce results substantial to their age level. These deficiencies can be due to their second language, lower socioeconomic backgrounds or their difficulties stemming from linguistics. 1st step Finished 2nd step Spark Last step Start (cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr Exceptional Student Needs Exceptional Students are students who have been determined to be eligible for special programs. They include:
Autism Spectrum Disorders
Traumatic Brain Injury
Specific Learning Disability
Deaf/Hard of Hearing
Hospital or Homebound
Blind/Sight Impaired Gifted Gifted students require higher level challenges and typically need to be motivated to maintain their interest. Recommendations are to provide enrichment activities, academic competitions and challenging lessons that are above grade level. Online educational learning systems that allow in-depth and independent learning would be a great resource. Intellectually Disabled Students with autism spectrum disorders can show a wide range of different educational needs. Most children with ASD are visual learners. Students with autism typically have difficulty with communication, organization and remaining focused. They have difficulty grasping concepts and expressing ideas. They may exhibit challenging behaviors. Many of these issues can be addressed through the use of assistive technology such as AAC devices, communication boards, visual supports and schedules. Boardmaker software can be used for making most visual supports. Video modeling, interactive whiteboards, educational software that allows self paced learning are a few helpful technologies that can be used. Autism Spectrum Disorders Orthopedic Impairment Emotional and Behavioral Disability Individuals with emotional and behavioral disabilities have difficulty with focus and with demonstrating appropriate behaviors. Software can be used to create behavior rules charts to post in the classroom and token reward systems. Video modeling to show appropriate behaviors in a variety of real life situations should be used to help the student develop social skills. Hospital or Homebound Blind/Sight Impaired Exceptional Students have varying special educational needs. Most of these needs can be effectively addressed through the use of technology. Assistive technology can give exceptional students the ability to access the general curriculum. It is important to incorporate technologies and strategies that also address different learning styles and multiple intelligences. Individuals that are intellectually disabled need help with adaptive skills. They require demonstration in addition to verbal and written directions. They also need tasks broken down into small steps. Educational software and online educational learning systems that allow the students to work at their own pace would be helpful. Using an interactive whiteboard for video clips, visual presentations, concept maps, labeled diagrams and matching games would also be beneficial. Conditions include:
Degenerative Diseases Individuals with orthopedic impairments have difficulty with gross and/or fine motor control. They may also have perceptual difficulty and varying degrees of physical needs. Assistive technology such as specialized touch screens, adaptive keyboards, voice activated software, eye movement computers, AAC devices should be utilized. Podcasts, videos and speak-to-text software are also recommended. Individuals that are hospitalized or homebound can benefit from a large variety of technological resources. PodCasts, online classes, blogs, Wikis, educational software and online educational learning systems are a few suggestions to help students. Individuals that are blind or sight impaired benefit from experiential learning. Optical enhancers and magnifiers are vital for those that are sight impaired. Large font size and bright colors on an interactive whiteboard are necessary. Use auditory strategies such as Podcasts and programs that read aloud. Braille software which provides print-to-Braille and Braille-to-print translations is also recommended. Every child has the ability to learn and to achieve! ADD/ADHD Students with ADD or ADHD have difficulty maintaining focus and are frequently unable to stay seated or remain in one place for long. They typically present a variety of challenging behaviors. Using a variety of teaching strategies and breaking activities into shorter time periods will help keep them engaged and focused. Visual and audio technologies should include videos, educational software and Podcasts. Allowing them hands on participation with interactive whiteboard activities would also help keep them engaged. Nancy Giovanniello Deaf or Hard of Hearing Individuals that are deaf or hard of hearing have many communication needs. They require assistive technology such as AAC devices and text to speech software. Videos should have closed captioning or sign language. Visual supports are necessary. WebQuests, educational software, online educational learning systems, electronic books, classroom websites and blogs should all be utilized. Specific Learning Disability Includes: Dyslexia
Developmental Aphasia Individuals with specific learning disability have difficulty recognizing words, math concepts or both. They have difficulty processing information and may have sensory issues as well as handwriting difficulties. They may demonstrate uneven academic performance, hyperactivity, lack of follow through and disorganization. Educational software and online learning systems can be helpful. WebQuests, Podcasts, computers to help with organizational skills and spell checking software are a few suggestions to help students. Traumatic Brain Injury Individuals with traumatic brain injuries have varying degrees of physical needs, cognitive needs and communication needs. Online educational learning systems and software that allow the student to learn at his or her own pace can be utilized. Assistive technology such as voice command switches, adaptive keyboards and communication devices may be needed depending upon the specifics of the impairment. Speech or Language Impaired Individuals with speech disorders have difficulty articulating sounds and making themselves understood. Individuals with language disorders can have difficulty with receptive language (understanding what others are trying to communicate to them) and/or expressive language (communicating their thoughts, ideas and feelings to others) or both. Individuals that have speech or language impairments can exhibit challenging behaviors if their communication needs are not met. They require AAC devices, communication boards and visual supports. Boardmaker software can be used to make classroom visual supports and a picture exchange communication system. Text to speech software can be used. References Beech, Marty. Accommodations and Modifications What Parents Need to Know.
FloridaDepartment of Education, 2006. Print.
Florida Senate. “2011 Florida Statutes, Title XLVIII, Chapter 1003, Public K-12 Education”. (2011).
Web. www.flsenate.gov/laws. 26 September 2012.
Hasselbring S Ted. Use of Computer Technology to HElp Students with Special Needs.
Maloy, Robert W., Verock-O-'Loughlin, Ruth-Ellen, Edwards, Sharon A. & Woolf, Beverly Park.
(2011). Transforming Learning with New Technologies. Boston, Massachusetts: Pearson Education, Inc.
National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities. “Disabilities”. (2012). Web.
1 October 2012.
Sadker, David Miller & Zittleman, Karen R. (2010). Teachers, Schools, and Society: Florida Edition
(9th ed.). New York, New York: McGraw-Hill.
Wright, Peter W. D. & Wright, Pamela Darr. (2007) Wrightslaw:
Special Education Law (2nd ed.). Hartfield, Virginia: Harbor House Law Press, Inc. Examples of Technologies Used In Special Needs Classrooms Word processing software allows students to easily produce and revise text. Generally this work is cleaner and clearer than written work. This also allows the students to spend more time on the content of their work and not as much time on editing Word Processing Software Word Prediction Software Word prediction software allows for users to start typing and provides a list of words that begin with the letters entered to choose from. This allows students to ensure their work is accurate and to expand their vocabulary. Communication technology is used to remove the barrier of the walls of the classroom. It allows students access to information from around the world. It also allows for collaboration amongst students both inside and outside the classroom. Communication Technology Hyperlinks Multimedia Hyperlinks are used within texts to help ensure understanding. It is similar to using dictionaries or encyclopedias to find out more information on an unknown word or subject. Multimedia is used in teaching and learning of special needs classes by deepening the students' understanding of material. Research shows that when multimedia is used appropriately it can be helpful. Classroom teachers use technology to introduce, reinforce, extend, enrich, assess, and remediate students mastery of curricular targets Teacher Planning for Technology Integration Laptop Examples of Technology Integration In a classroom setting students can use laptops to do assignments that teachers assign them to do. For example, SuccessMaker, this program is used for students to practice their reading and math skills. Teachers can use computers and connect them to an overhead projector and teach the students from there. Ipad In a classroom setting students and teachers can use an ipad to search things as well as search books instantly. Some learning games can be downloaded as an applications. For example, Virtual Surgery, this application is a game but at the same time students are learning the different body parts. Smart Board In a classroom setting teachers use smart boards to teach different lessons. Students look on to the smart board and can copy anything that the teacher is writing. For example, lets say the teacher is teaching a Math lesson on integers. The teacher may use the smart board to draw the number line and use different colors to show the negative numbers from the positive numbers. Students can go up to the smart board and show the teacher what he or she has learned. NET's are a set of standards published by the international society for technology in education. Its purpose is to leverage the use of technology in K-12 education to enable students to learn effectively and live productively. National Educational Technology Standards NET's for students There are six performance indicators. Each performance indicator indicates and outlines what the students should be able achieve within the technological literacy by the completion of a school year. NET's for teachers This program has been implemented to prove teachers with the effective tools so they are able to engage their students, improve learning environments and their own professional practice as well as provide a positive model for their school community. In classrooms, teachers need to satisfy all students needs. Not all students learn at the same pace, therefore teachers need to be flexible. Some students may learn by doing, others by hearing, and others by hands on activities. Teachers should be able to teach in all different ways to satisfy all students Students Needs