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Matrix: Modified Erickson Scale of Communication Attitudes (
Transcript of Matrix: Modified Erickson Scale of Communication Attitudes (
- Each statement is answered true or false, each questions that is answered with the answer matching the answer key is 1 point. The final score is compared to adult norms and determined if the individual is considered a stutters or non-stutterers (Ulliana & Ingham,1984).
- An individual with a mean score of 19.22 and range of 9-24 is considered a stutterer
- An individual with a mean score of 9.4 and a range of 1-21 is considered a non-stutterer
The tests were outdated so some questions can be misinterpreted
“I am a good mixer”
“I find it hard to make talk when I meet new people”
- It is normed on adult population
- In our opinion, it could be used on older school-aged children who can read/write
- Could maybe modify wording to accommodate younger child
- “To assess communication attitudes among stutterers (Erikson, 1969)”
- May be used to predict long-term therapy outcome (Guitar and Bass, 1978)
- “To measure communication attitudes that distinguish from stutterers vs. non-stutterers (Andrews & Cutler)
- Can measure the changes in communication attitudes pre and post treatment
- Depends on the client's’ thoughts/feelings
Communication attitudes and long term therapy outcomes Ulliana, L. & Ingham, R. J., 1984).
- In a study by Ulliana & Ingham, they administered it by having the participants was given the form, and asked to read the instructions and then to answer each item
- In our opinion, you can read it to the person, have them read it, and/or fill it out on their own time (depending on the other assessment procedures that are being completed and his or her reading level). For example, you can utilize this as a reading task as part of a language sample
- Questionnaire format
Professional or research based support and/or criticism
Andrews, G. & Cutler, J. (1974). Stuttering Therapy: The Relation between Changes in Symptom Level and Attitudes. Journal of Speech & Hearing Disorders, 39(3), 312-319. doi: 10.1044/jshd.3903.312.
Ulliana, L. & Ingham, R. J. (1984). Behavioral and Nonbehavioral Variables in the Measurement of Stutterers' Communication Attitudes. Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, 49(1), 83-93. doi: 10.1044/jshd.4901.83
Andrews and Cutler's (1979) results revealed that the experimental group’s results did not change over the course of treatment, even once fluency was achieved, until the participants actually went about their daily life with increased fluency. The study also concluded that the S24, the revised short form of the Erickson’s S-Scale, was more reliable and more valid assessment that the former version.
Uliana and Ingham (1984) discussed the impact of behavioral variables, feelings, and attitudes influenced the responses on the Erikson Communication Scale. Their findings contradict with the perception that the S24
scale assesses feelings or attitudes
related to speech communication.