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The Reign of Terror
Transcript of The Reign of Terror
"Flight to Varennes"
Royal family on "house arrest"
Threats sent daily to King & Queen
Decide to pack up children and escape in the middle of the night
dressed in disguises to go unrecognized
Did they make it?
Family is caught
People heard of escape and were on the lookout
Recognized Louis XVI through disguise
Picture on money
Given arrest warrant and sent back to Paris
Treasonable dealings with foreigners
Louis: immediately sent to jail upon return
Officially loses title as "King"
No more power/authority
"The National Razor" aka The Guillotine
Marie Antoinette's Demise
The Execution of Louis XVI
List the 4 major causes of the French Revolution
What did the 3rd estate rename themselves?
What officially started the French Revolution?
Life in France during the Reign of Terror
France needed to raise large army to fight against neighboring European powers
Mass Conscription: required all males to serve in the army
Turned tide of war
Focused on defeating leaders
What happened to Robespierre?
Attempted to commit suicide
Shot himself in the jaw
He was then seized and executed
Terror ends - power shifted back to moderates
End of the French Revolution (1799)
What does this all mean for France?
Louis XVI accepts changes brought forth by the revolution
July 1790: took oath to new Constitution
France officially becomes a Constitutional Monarchy
The Reign of Terror Begins
Committee of Public Safety: took over France in 1793
Lead by : Robespierre & other radical leaders
Use force to achieve goals
Laws passed to allow the arrest of anyone
No rights to defend selves
About 40,000 people executed during Reign of Terror
Why is this so important?
Monarchy: officially overthrown
Republic: government without a King, in which citizens are given the right to elect representatives
Every adult male in France could vote
Louis XVI put on trial for crimes against his people and is executed (1793)
1. Cut victim's hair above neckline
2. Strap victim to board and harness with belt straps face-down
3. Slide victim into snug little neck/head hole and seal with board
4. Make sure basket in in place to catch head/blood
5. Release the blade
Recap of the French Revolution