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Comparing a Plant Cell to The Maze Runner Series by James Da

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Kenzie Raven

on 10 November 2014

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Transcript of Comparing a Plant Cell to The Maze Runner Series by James Da

Nucleus
Rough EndoPlasmic Reticulum
Centrioles
In the cell-
Centrioles are a major part of cell division. They help organize the mitotic spindle and they aid in the completion of cytokinesis. They also play a role in cellular organization. They help determine the position of the microtubules, cilia, flagella, and even nucleus.
In the cell-
It controls lipids and fats while producing hormones and secretary products. It is a continuation of the outer nuclear membrane.
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
In the cell-
It has numerous ribosomes on its surface onwhich proteins are synthesized. These proteins collect in the RER for transport.
Mitochondria
In the cell-
The mitochondria converts chemical energy stored in food into compounds that are convenient for the cell to use
In the cell-
It contains the cell's genetic material (DNA) and it controls the cell's activities. It acts as the 'brain'. It is located, often in the center of the cell.
Summary:
http://www.gradesaver.com/the-maze-runner/study-guide/short-summary/


Cell Membrane
In the cell-
Ribosomes are made of RNA and protein. Their purpose in the cell is to assemble proteins for the cell. They are located in the rough endoplasmic reticulum.
Ribosomes
In the cell-
The jelly-like substance that is outside of the cell nucleus that all organelles are located within. It contains proteins and nutrients to keep the cell alive and healthy
Cytoplasm
Comparing an Animal Cell to The Maze Runner Series by James Dashner
The Maze Runner
In the cell-
A thin, semipermeable layer of fat and protein that surrounds the cell. It allows certain molecules enter and helps the cell keeps its shape and stay safe.
In the novel-
The cell membrane serves the same
purpose as 'the glade' (the area
where both the maze and the characters
live). It keeps them
safe from the
flare (disease) in
the outer world, while still allowing people
and supplies to enter
the glade (when they
are needed).
In the novel-
The nucleus would be W.I.C.K.E.D. Wicked controls the whole 'save the world' operation and (by manipulating factors in the maze) can control the 'runner's activities. They also have al the files about the glader's history and family held secret from the memory-erased kids (their DNA).

In the novel-
The ribosomes would be the the farmers. The farmers grow food to provide the necessary nutrients to keep the group healthy. They live in the village within the glade (to be discussed later).

Golgi Apparatus

In the novel-
The mitochondria would be the equivalent on the cooks. They would take anything found in the maze and surrounding areas to make something for the gladers to eat.
(n.d.). Retrieved October 28, 2014, from Flickr website: http://static.flickr.com/31/92239122_c858651646_o.jpg

In the cell-
The golgi apparatus is a stack of membranes found in the endoplasmic reticulum. It modifies, sorts and 'packages' proteins and then has them distibuted around the cell. It also creates lysosomes.
In the novel-
The golgi apparatus would be similar to the role of the other gladers. They have to pitch in to make sure everyone is fed and cared for and they help organize things in their own little 'society'. They help distribute and package supplies for each person and create supplies from anything they can find or are given.

The Cytoplasm and Cellular Organelles. (n.d.). Retrieved November 3, 2014, from OpenStax CNX website: http://cnx.org/contents/7d5ecac2-a4c4-4167-b952-c3a9bde54252@5/The_Cytoplasm_and_Cellular_Org

Lysosomes

In the cell-
Lysosomes are filled with enzymes that are needed to break down certain materials in the cell (mostly unneeded materials).
In the novel-
The lysosomes could represent the Grievers. The Grievers are large, machine-like creatures that contain a poison to try to eliminate the gladers. They purpose is to weed out the unneed and weak gladers (very similar to the role of the lysosomes)

In the novel-
The rough endoplasmic reticulum could be compared to the gladers' village. The farmers live in the village similar to how the ribosomes collect on the rough endoplasmic reticulum.

Endoplasmic Reticulum. (2012, July 22). Retrieved November 4, 2014, from Disease Pictures website: http://diseasespictures.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/Endoplasmic-Reticulum.jpg

In the cell-
The nucleolus is not bound by a membrane and is found in the nuclear matrix. It is composed of granular and fibrillar components, an ill-defined matrix and DNA. The granular materials are maturing ribosomes that are being prepared to be released into the cell.
Nucleolus
In the novel-
The nucleolus is most closely related to Chancellor Kevin Anderson. He was the main investigator and chancellor of WICKED. He is first in command (controls and contains "DNA") and he chose the candidates. The candidates (ribosomes) would stay and go through preparations under his command to become gladers. He is not controlled by anyone (not membrane bound) and is a part of WICKED (the nuclear matrix).



Endoplasmic Reticulum. (2012, July 22). Retrieved November 4, 2014, from Disease Pictures website: http://diseasespictures.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/Endoplasmic-Reticulum.jpg

In the novel-
Teresa would
be similar to the
smooth endoplasmic reticulum. As you find out later in the series, she is a continuation and member of WICKED (the nucleus). She has unique abilities compared to the other gladers and is the only girl there (just like how the SER has a very unique function).
Davidson, M. W. (2005). The Nucleolus. In Molecular Expressions (TM). Retrieved from http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/cells/nucleus/nucleolus.html

In the novel-
The cytoplasm is closely related to the glade itself. It is a vast space where everything and everyone is kept. The glade keeps everyone safe (from the flare at least) and contains everything
needed to live
and be healthy.
Everyone (all the
organelles) live
within the glade
(cytoplasm).
In the novel-
Chancellor Ava Paige would have the closest role to that of a centriole. She is the highest-ranking official of WICKED and is able to control a lot of what is going on with the operation (including people's (organelle's) position). She helped the gladers find and escape to a new paradise. This would be similar to
cell division because she
is initially separating
WICKED and all the
gladers (the components
of the whole cell) and
putting an end to the
operation and creating a new goal (new cell structure)
.
Cytoskeleton
In the cell-
It has 3 main components; microfilaments, intermediate filaments and microtubules. The cytoplasm as a whole mediates movement and helps the cell maintain shape. Microfilaments are composed of G-actin protein and are in helical shape. Intermediate filaments are twisted in a cord shape and are made of keratin and keratin-like proteins. They are tough and resist tension. Microtubules are made of alpha and beta tubulin. They are the largest component of the cytoskeleton and form in strong, long, hollow cylinders. They can be lengthened or shortened from the positive end.
In the novel-
The cytoskeleton can describe the role of Thomas. Thomas is one of the main characters of the series and defiantly has an influence on the action of the group. He guides them and controls their movement through the maze as they try to escape (similar to how the cytoskeleton controls the movement of the cell) and manipulates WICKED to some extent. He is a strong character holding together his group (the cells) and cannot be easily destroyed (resists tension) by the traumatic events that go on in this post-apocalyptic world.
In Celebration of Psalm Nineteen: God's handiwork in Creation. (2012, July). Retrieved November 5, 2014, from http://ps-19.org/Crea07Eukary/index.html

More information about specific characters or places (spoilers):
http://mazerunner.wikia.com/wiki/The_Maze_Runner_Wiki
The maze runner griever. (n.d.). Retrieved November 6, 2014, from http://gal10.piclab.us/key/the%20maze%20runner%20griever

L0LAD. (2014, September 8). The Maze Runner Wikia. Retrieved November 6, 2014, from Wikia website: http://mazerunner.wikia.com/wiki/File:Thomas_hammock_3.png

Someone Random BookWorm. (2014, November 8). The Maze Runner Wikia. Retrieved November 8, 2014, from Wikia website: http://mazerunner.wikia.com/wiki/File:2014-Movie-The-Maze-Runner-HD-Wallpaper.jpg

(n.d.). Retrieved October 31, 2014, from Bangzo website: http://www.bangzo.com/ebayimages/jamesdashner-mazerunner-4bks.jpg

The Maze Runner Wikia. (2014). Retrieved November 4, 2014, from Wikia website: http://mazerunner.wikia.com/wiki/The_Maze_Runner_Wiki

The Maze Runner Wikia. (2014). Retrieved November 4, 2014, from Wikia website: http://mazerunner.wikia.com/wiki/The_Maze_Runner_Wiki

The Maze Runner Wikia. (2014). Retrieved November 4, 2014, from Wikia website: http://mazerunner.wikia.com/wiki/Ava_Paige

In the cell-
Stores materials such as water, salts, proteins and carbohydrates. They are small in comparison to those a plant cell.
Vacuoles and Vesicles
(n.d.). Retrieved November 4, 2014, from Science Control website: http://www.sciencecontrol.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/04/Vesicle-Function.jpg

In the novel-
The vacuoles and vesicle can be closely related to the huts in the gladers' village. It stores all food, supplies and the gladers themselves. It is small in comparison to actual houses and the living quarters of WICKED
Works Cited:

What Are The Different Functions Of Cell Organelles?
(n.d.). Retrieved October 20, 2014, from
Blurtit website: http://science.blurtit.com/61410/what-are-the-different-functions-of-cell-organelles

Davidson, M. W. (2005, May 10).
The Nucleolus.
Retrieved October 21, 2014, from Molecular
Expressions website: http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/cells/nucleus/nucleolus.html

Cytoskeleton.
(2014). Retrieved November 6, 2014, from http://biology.kenyon.edu/HHMI/
Biol113/cytoskeleton.htm

Centriole Function.
(2014). Retrieved November 6, 2014, from Science Control website: http://
www.sciencecontrol.com/centriole-function.html

Eukaryotic Cell vs Prokaryotic Cell.
(n.d.). Retrieved October 19, 2014, from http://
www.diffen.com/difference/Eukaryotic_Cell_vs_Prokaryotic_Cell

***For information (citations for pictures are beside the image)***
Full transcript