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Transcript of Philippine Architecture
The architecture of the Philippines is a reflection of the history and heritage of the country. The most prominent historic constructions in the archipelago are based on a mix of indigenous Austronesian, Spanish, Chinese and American influences.
AMERICAN COLONIAL PERIOD
AFTER WORLD WAR II
The pre-colonial architecture of the Philippines consisted of the Nipa hut made from natural materials but there are some traces of large-scale construction before the Spanish colonizers came but not well documented. An example of this is the pre-colonial walled city of Manila although later after the Spanish colonization, dismantled by the Spaniards and rebuilt as Intramuros.
During three hundred years of Spanish colonization, the Philippine architecture was dominated by the Spanish influences. During this period, Intramuros, the walled city of Manila, was built with its walls, houses, churches and fortress. The Augustinian friars built a large number of grand churches all over the Philippine Islands.
During this period the traditional Filipino "Bahay na bato" style for the large houses emerged. These were large houses built of stone and wood combining Filipino, Spanish and Chinese style elements.
BAHAY NA BATO
After the Spanish-American war, the architecture of the Philippines was dominated by the American style. In this period the plan for the modern city of Manila was designed, with a large number of neoclassical architecture and art deco buildings by famous American and Filipino architects. During the liberation of Manila by the combined American and Filipino troops in 1945, large portions of Intramuros and Manila were destroyed. In the period after the second world war many of the destroyed buildings were rebuilt.
implementing modernism through the utilization of reinforced concrete, steel and glass, the predominance of cubicforms, geometric shapes and Cartesian grids, and the absense of applied decoration
THE NEW MILLENNIUM
Exemplified by the garish application paste colors and the mixing and matching of ornamentsand styles