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The future tense

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English Courses

on 26 August 2017

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Transcript of The future tense


Question@clic2speak.com
The future simple
The future tense
Form
Will and shall => 'll
Will not => won't
Shall not => shan't

Examples:
Next month she
'll
be 45.
I
won't
talk about the film because you haven't seen it yet.
Shan't
we visit our grandmother on Sunday?
There are several ways to express the future. This Prezi focuses on four of them:

1- The future simple
2- Be going to + infinitive
3- The present simple and the present continuous
4- Verbs expressing the future
Tutors
I
will / shall*
work
You
will
work
He / she / it
will
work
We
will / shall*
work
You
will
work
They
will
work
Use
The future simple is used:

1. To talk about things that will happen in the future.
Next month I
will
be 45.
It
will
be a nice day tomorrow.

2. To ask questions about the future.
When
will
you know the results?

3. To make promises and threats.
I
will
phone you tonight.
I
will
hit you if you do that again.

4. To make offers and suggestions (
shall
).
Shall
I carry your suitcase?
Shall
we go swimming?
Shortened forms
Watch this video if you need more explanation.
The present simple and
the present continuous
The present continuous is often used to talk about things we have arranged to do in the future.
We
are moving
next week.
I
am going
to London tomorrow.
I
am seeing
Jamila tonight.
In this case we can also use
will
and the future continuous.
We
will move
next week.
We
will be moving
next week.
Watch this video if you need more explanation.
Will / shall + infinitive
Source: Voort, van der P. (2009). Core Grammar for Higher Education. First Edition. Noordhoff Uitgevers: Groningen.
Be going to + infinitive
is used:

1. To talk about something we intend to do.
I
am going to
paint
my room.
He said he
was going to
swim
.
I
am not going to

drive
to work today.
They
are going to

move
to Boston.

2. To make predictions that are based on some evidence in the present situation.
Look at those black clouds. I think it
is going to

rain
.
Be careful! You
are going to

fall
.
*
Shall
sounds more formal than
will
.
Summary
Watch this video if you need more explanation on "will" and "be going to".
The present simple
The present continuous
The present simple is used to refer to the future when we talk about timetables, schedules or programmes.
The sale
starts
on 8 January.
The exhibition
opens
on May 1st.
The train
leaves
at 8.30.

In this case the future can also be expressed by
will
.
The exhibition
will open
on May 1st.
However, the present simple is more usual.

With departure times the present continuous is also possible.
The train
leaves / will leave / is leaving
at 8.30.
The present simple
in subclauses of
condition or time
The present simple must be used to refer to the future in subclauses of time or condition.

A clause indicating time usually starts with
till, until, before, when, while, as soon as.
I will stay
till
the plane
takes
off.
Phone me
when
you
arrive
.

A clause indicating condition usually begins with
if, unless, in case
.
I will give a party
if
I
pass
my exam.
We are going for a walk tomorrow
unless
it
rains
.
Be going to
Be going to + infinitive
Form
I
am going to
eat
You
are going to
eat
He / she / it
is going to
eat
We
are going to
eat
You
are going to
eat
They
are going to
eat
Be going to + infinitive
Future simple or be going to?
Future simple or be going to?
Future simple or be going to?
Summary
Verbs expressing the future
Verbs such as
"would like to", "plan to", "want to", "hope"
and
"expect"
can also express the future.
What are you going to do next year?
I’d like to
find a new job.
We
plan to
go to Italy for our holidays.
Emily
wants to
buy a new house.
Verbs expressing the future
Full transcript