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Grapes Of China (Song Dynasty)
Transcript of Grapes Of China (Song Dynasty)
when China's trade and commerce increased. Society The huge increase in the production of rice and better farming tools assisted in the growth of China's economy. Economics Political By: Brian Li and Derek Su Many farmers moved south to escape from the Mongol attacks and for the better weather there. Farmers used terraces to farm on the hills in the south. The many rivers and canals increased trade. This was called neo-Confucianism. Neo-Confucianism was the basis of all teachings. Civil Service exams were based on Confucian ideas. Religion during the Song Dynasty was a mixture of Confucianism, Daoism, and Buddhism. Exploration/Travel
paddle wheel boats
segmental arch bridge
watertight compartments Industry
steel Military Technology
canons Everyday Objects
mechanical clock Disease Prevention
heat sterilization Farmers used terraced hillsides to grow crops Canals helped with transportation and trade http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Modern_Course_of_Grand_Canal_of_China.png Sources http://forum.freegamedev.net/viewtopic.php?f=18&t=2016 Just click the link Pictures Pictures Religion was a mix of Confucianism,Daosim, and Buddhism. Civil service exams were based on the teachings of Confucius. Sources http://www.absolutechinatours.com/china-travel/zhuxi-china-confucianism.html http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/answer-sheet/wp/2012/12/03/how-the-first-standardized-tests-helped-start-a-war-really/ Just click the link Pictures The Chinese first invented paper money because of a shortage of copper for coins. Gunpowder changed the way wars were fought. Smallpox inoculations stimulated the immune system, making one less likely to get the disease Sources http://amhistory.si.edu/polio/virusvaccine/history.htm http://cij.inspiriting.com/?p=135# http://tandsynastygina.blogspot.com/2011/02/gunpowder-clothing-and-daoism-buddhism.html Just click the link. Period 1 The Song relied on civil service exams and created a meritocracy. People from lower classes acquired the ability to become scholar-officials. The imperial exams were about political
and social problems that are based on the ideas of Confucianism. http://www.at0086.com/UpLoadImages/ht/rank/2007831103035752.jpg Government officials can enjoy certain privileges such as being excused from taxes and military service. Candidates who passed the test had to wait a
few years before their first appointment. Pictures Links Scholars had to take a local test and passed it before they can take the imperial test. http://www.learntci.com/shared/sections/6826 When the candidates took the test, a
second person copied each paper so
that the examiners don't know whose
work they are reading. http://shahon.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/S.230-gridlines.jpg Just click the link Trading increased because the wealthy landowners demanded for luxury items. The government minted a huge amount of copper coins to the point where there was a copper shortage. The business in trading increased prosperity
which gave the China the title of the highest living standard in the world during that time period. Pictures Magnetic compasses made life easier for
sailors by helping keep their routes
during long voyages. Links http://www.brasscompass.com/complightweight.jpg http://www.openminds.tv/wp content/uploads/Jiajing_Emperor_on_his_state_barge.jpg The barge, a boat with a flat bottom, can
travel up to 45 miles a day while an oxcart can only travel 25 miles a day. With so much buying and selling
going around,people needed currency
so the government started to issue
copper coins. http://lh3.ggpht.com/_Cg02E5r8Wzo/S6I8I-KVjRI/AAAAAAAAB7A/N3x9VMLB_h4/wiki_china_coin1_500px.jpg Click the link to visit the original picture Women in the upper and middle classes in the cities were not required to work. Women that worked in the farms located on China's countrysides enjoyed the greater status. Public-works/projects gave many employment for many city dwellers. Pictures Foot binding was considered beautiful
during that time period but was extremely painful for the woman. Links http://www.neatorama.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/07/boundfeet1.jpg Chinese cities back then were huge
centers of activity where many people were buying and selling goods. http://mmletloose.files.wordpress.com/2011/09/dsc02303.jpg Some followers of Confucianism
believed that women were below men
in rank. http://www.china-consult.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2010/09/confucius6.jpg Click the links above to
visit the original images. Thanks for watching!