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Verbs: Tenses, Forms, Active vs. Passive Voice

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by

Jenny Ho

on 13 August 2015

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Transcript of Verbs: Tenses, Forms, Active vs. Passive Voice

Verbs: Tenses, Forms, Active vs. Passive Voice
By Jenny & Tony
Verb Tenses
GOAL!
Thank you!
Helping Verbs
There are three
Active vs. Passive Voice
Active Voice:
the subject performs the action of the verb.
Modals:
1. Likelihood (will, could, may, might)
Ex: The Spurs
will
win tomorrow.
2. Assumption (must)
Ex: The dog just started barking; he
must
hear our guests arriving.
3. Expectation (should)
Ex: Two large onions
should
be enough for this recipe.
4. Ability (can, could)
Ex: Mick Jagger
can
still put on quite a performance, but years ago he
could
sing and throw himself around stage more dramatically.
5. Necessity or Obligation (must, should)
Ex: Travelers
must
have a passport for foreign trouble.
6. Permission and Request (may, can, could, would, will)
Ex: People traveling with small children
may
board the plane first.
7. Advice (should)
Ex: You
should
never text while driving.
8. Intention (will, shall)
Ex: We
shall
overcome.
Verb Forms
Definition: There are four forms of a verb: the base form, the past, the past participle, and the present participle.

verb that indicates time
indicating past, present and future action as well as whether the action is ongoing or complete
These three forms
1.Simple Tense: indicating actions that happens in the present or habitually.

2.Perfect Tense: indicates actions that took place in the past time or stuff from the past and continued to the present.

3.Progressive Tense: indicating continuing actions.

Past Tense & Past Participle
Formed by adding
-ed
or
-d
to the Base Form.
(Past Tense)Ex. Last week, we
visited
the Museum of Modern Art.
(Past Participle)Ex. I have also
visited
the Metropolitan Museum, but I've not yet been to the Cloisters.
Tense Ex:
In 2010, Congress
approved
the Affordable Care Act.
Base Form
Right
Agatston showed that south Beach dieters
lost
(lose) about ten pounds in the first two weeks.
Base forms are words that are not derived from or made up of other other words.
Ex. On Thursdays, we
visit
a museum.
Wrong
Present Participle
Consists of the base form plus -ing.
Ex. We will be
visiting
the Cooper-Hewitt Museum tomorrow to see the cutlery exhibit.
Base forms
Some Common irregular verbs.
Ex. be, do, eat, and go.
Perfect Tense Ex:
Wrong
Progressive Tenses
Willie joined the Grace Church Boy Choir
when he was ten
, and he
has been singing ever since.
Many teachers and parents
have resisted
the increasing pressure for more standardized testing of students.
By the time I was born, the Gulf War
(had)
already ended.
Right
Past Tense & Past Participle
(Past Tense) was/were, did, ate, and went.
(Past Participle) been, done, eaten, and gone.
(Present Participle) being, doing, eating, and going.
Present Participles
Base Form
Incorrect Verb Forms
Ex. I also wanted
studying
(to study) Russian.
Past Tense
Ex. For vacation last summer, my family
gone
(went) to the Outer Banks.
Past Participle
Ex. After a week at the beach, we had
ate
(eaten) a lot of seafood.
Present Participle
Ex. Just in time for Thanksgiving, the painters finished
to put
(putting) up the wallpaper.
Activity
Passive Voice:
the subject receives the action.
Are more direct and easier to understand.
Ex. One year ago, almost to the day, I
asked
my hairdresser to cut off 16 inches of my hair.
Is also appropriate in scientific writing when you want to emphasize the research itself, not the researchers.
Ex. As a teenager I was instructed on how to behave as a proper senorita.
Answers
Verb Tenses
1. (A) is / hurt

2. (A) comes / goes

3. (A) allows / are
Verb Forms
_
U
_ 1. If the club limited its membership, it
will
have to raise its dues.
change will to would
_
U
_ 2. By the time negotiations began, many pessimists
have
expressed doubt about them.
change have to had
_
U
_ 3. After Capt. James Cook visited Alaska on his third voyage, he
is
killed by Hawaiian islanders in 1779.
change is to was
_
S
_ 4.

Harry

wants

to show his friends the photos he
took

last summer.

_
S
_ 5.

Scientists
predict

that the sun

will die
in the distant future.
Active Vs. Passive Voice
1.Dinner was made by my little brother.
My little brother made dinner.

2.The World Series was won by the Yankees.
The Yankees won the World Series.

3.It was decided by my teachers to let us out early today.
My teachers decided to let us out early today.
Right
While I
will be finishing
(am finishing) my homework, she is going to make dinner.
Wrong
1. do
(does did)
2. have
(has, had)
3. be
(am, is, are, was, were, been)
others (modals): can, could, may, might, must, should, will, would, ought to.
That professor
did
take class participation into account when calculating grades.

I
have
applied for insurance through one of the new exchanges.
Examples
8 categories
Full transcript