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Verbs: Tenses, Forms, Active vs. Passive Voice
Transcript of Verbs: Tenses, Forms, Active vs. Passive Voice
By Jenny & Tony
There are three
Active vs. Passive Voice
the subject performs the action of the verb.
1. Likelihood (will, could, may, might)
Ex: The Spurs
2. Assumption (must)
Ex: The dog just started barking; he
hear our guests arriving.
3. Expectation (should)
Ex: Two large onions
be enough for this recipe.
4. Ability (can, could)
Ex: Mick Jagger
still put on quite a performance, but years ago he
sing and throw himself around stage more dramatically.
5. Necessity or Obligation (must, should)
have a passport for foreign trouble.
6. Permission and Request (may, can, could, would, will)
Ex: People traveling with small children
board the plane first.
7. Advice (should)
never text while driving.
8. Intention (will, shall)
Definition: There are four forms of a verb: the base form, the past, the past participle, and the present participle.
verb that indicates time
indicating past, present and future action as well as whether the action is ongoing or complete
These three forms
1.Simple Tense: indicating actions that happens in the present or habitually.
2.Perfect Tense: indicates actions that took place in the past time or stuff from the past and continued to the present.
3.Progressive Tense: indicating continuing actions.
Past Tense & Past Participle
Formed by adding
to the Base Form.
(Past Tense)Ex. Last week, we
the Museum of Modern Art.
(Past Participle)Ex. I have also
the Metropolitan Museum, but I've not yet been to the Cloisters.
In 2010, Congress
the Affordable Care Act.
Agatston showed that south Beach dieters
(lose) about ten pounds in the first two weeks.
Base forms are words that are not derived from or made up of other other words.
Ex. On Thursdays, we
Consists of the base form plus -ing.
Ex. We will be
the Cooper-Hewitt Museum tomorrow to see the cutlery exhibit.
Some Common irregular verbs.
Ex. be, do, eat, and go.
Perfect Tense Ex:
Willie joined the Grace Church Boy Choir
when he was ten
, and he
has been singing ever since.
Many teachers and parents
the increasing pressure for more standardized testing of students.
By the time I was born, the Gulf War
Past Tense & Past Participle
(Past Tense) was/were, did, ate, and went.
(Past Participle) been, done, eaten, and gone.
(Present Participle) being, doing, eating, and going.
Incorrect Verb Forms
Ex. I also wanted
(to study) Russian.
Ex. For vacation last summer, my family
(went) to the Outer Banks.
Ex. After a week at the beach, we had
(eaten) a lot of seafood.
Ex. Just in time for Thanksgiving, the painters finished
(putting) up the wallpaper.
the subject receives the action.
Are more direct and easier to understand.
Ex. One year ago, almost to the day, I
my hairdresser to cut off 16 inches of my hair.
Is also appropriate in scientific writing when you want to emphasize the research itself, not the researchers.
Ex. As a teenager I was instructed on how to behave as a proper senorita.
1. (A) is / hurt
2. (A) comes / goes
3. (A) allows / are
_ 1. If the club limited its membership, it
have to raise its dues.
change will to would
_ 2. By the time negotiations began, many pessimists
expressed doubt about them.
change have to had
_ 3. After Capt. James Cook visited Alaska on his third voyage, he
killed by Hawaiian islanders in 1779.
change is to was
to show his friends the photos he
that the sun
in the distant future.
Active Vs. Passive Voice
1.Dinner was made by my little brother.
My little brother made dinner.
2.The World Series was won by the Yankees.
The Yankees won the World Series.
3.It was decided by my teachers to let us out early today.
My teachers decided to let us out early today.
will be finishing
(am finishing) my homework, she is going to make dinner.
(am, is, are, was, were, been)
others (modals): can, could, may, might, must, should, will, would, ought to.
take class participation into account when calculating grades.
applied for insurance through one of the new exchanges.