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Caddos and Karankawas Indian Tribes

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by

Josalyn Dean

on 17 December 2012

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Transcript of Caddos and Karankawas Indian Tribes

Caddos Caddos Region More Interesting Facts Caddos Current Location Caddos Climate Caddo Influence on Texas History Caddo Food Before Supermarkets Caddos - How they Lived Texas Region: They lived in the Southern Plains. Which is the East and Northeast part of Texas. Caddos were on of the first Indians to be
recognized.

Caddos were most famous for their pottery.

Caddo hunters primarily used bows and arrows.

Caddo's most important instrument is the drum. Most Caddos currently live in Oklahoma. The Caddo Indians were farming people.
Caddo women harvested crops of corn,
beans, pumpkins and sunflowers. Cado men hunted for deer, buffalo, and small game and fished in rivers. Traditional Caddo foods included cornbread, soups, and stews. The Caddo Indians in Texas also mined salt from underground mines, which they boiled down to use in their cooking The climate where the Caddos lived was wet.
The area received a good annual rainfall. The state name originates from the Caddo
Indian word "Taysha" meaning "friends or
allies"
'Texas' comes from the Caddo Indian tribe. The Spanish Conquistadors encountered the Caddo Indians around 1540 in the area of East Texas. The Caddos referred to the Spanish as "tayshas," which meant "friend" or "allies." The Spanish translation was "tejas." The Americans converted it to "Texas." Clothing: The men wore breechcloths. Sometimes with leather leggings. Caddo women wore wrap around skirts and poncho tops made of woven fiber and deerskin. Both
genders wore earrings and moccasins. Cado men did not usually wear shirts, but in cold weather both men and women wore Buffalo robes.

Homes: They lived in earthen lodges with thatched roofs. Each village also included a temple and a sports field.

Transportation: They made their own canoes from hollowed out logs, but preferred to travel by land. There were no horses so they used dogs to help them carry their belongings. One Interesting Fact Karrankawas Texas Region The Karankawa lived along the "coastal bend" of Texas. The Coastal Bend starts at the west end of Galveston and extends to Corpus Christi Today's Location The Karankawa are extinct so they do not have a current location. Clilmate They lived in a semi tropical environment. Hot and Humid in the summer and warm to cool in the winter. How They Lived The Karankawa houses were small huts made of long sapling tree trunks or limbs bent over and tied together. Influence on Texas History They were the first people to discover Aransas Pass. 5 Interesting Facts 1. Clothing - They did not wear very much clothing. The men wore simple breach cloths and the women wore grass skirts. Often the men simply went naked. The kids always went naked in warm weather.
2. Because their environment has lot of insects that would bite they would smear animal fat and grease all over their bodies. Sometimes they would smear mud all over their bodies to protect them from bug bites.
3. They liked tattoos. Men and women would tattoo themselves with bold designs.
4. Their favorite weapon is the long bow.
5. The Karankawa men were tall. Usually over 6 feet tall. Karankawa and Cados
Have in Common 1. They both fought in wars.
2. They both made dug out canoes for transportation.
3. They both lived in huts.
4. The men in both tribes drank black tea.
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