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Rhetorical Devices in FDR's Inaugural Address

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Lydia Zentz

on 18 October 2013

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Transcript of Rhetorical Devices in FDR's Inaugural Address

Rhetorical Devices in FDR's Inaugural Address
Historical Background
In 1933, Franklin Delano Roosevelt won the election for 32nd president of the United States. On March 4, 1933, Roosevelt gave his first inaugural address at East Portico, U.S Capitol, Washington D.C. Roosevelt had a massive challenge because as he became president, the Great Depression was in full swing. He explained what steps he was going to take to bring the nation back to the top.
Audience
Roosevelts' audience includes millions of Americans across the U.S. Some listeners were President Hoover, the Chief Justice in 1933, and any citizen at the site where the speech was given or who had a radio to listen to, wether or not they were rich or poor.
Purpose
Roosevelt's purpose was to assure his citizens that he would do everything in his power to fix the emergency of the Great Depression.
Rhetorical Devices
Anastrophe
"And yet our distress comes from
no
failure of substance. We are stricken by
no
plague of locusts."
This quote uses anastrophe to put emphasis on the word no. Roosevelt is trying to say that the problems the citizens are facing are not caused by something unfixable.
Anaphora
"
It can be helped
by preventing...
It can be helped
by insistence...
It can be helped
by the unifying...
It can be helped
by national planning..."

Roosevelt used the same phrase at the beginning of each sentence to emphasize each example of how the Great Depression can be helped and to persuade actions to be taken.
Parallelism
"Small wonder that confidence languishes, for it thrives only on honesty, on honor, on the sacredness of obligations, on faithful protection, and on unselfish performance;..."

Roosevelt uses parallelism to say how confidence is difficult to obtain because of bad things that people do.
Polyptoton
It can be
accomplished
in part...
accomplishing

great-- greatly
needed...
Roosevelt uses polyptoton to emphasize accomplishment of projects that will make a difference
Antanaclasis
It can be accomplished... accomplishing
great-- greatly
needed projects..."
Roosevelt uses antanaclasis by saying that the
citizens can accomplish big projects that are very
needed.
Lydia Zentz
Pd 1
Ethos
" In such a spirit on my part and on yours we face our common difficulties."

This is ethos because Roosevelt makes his listeners feel equal to him even though he has power above them.
Logos
"Values
have
shrunk to fantastic levels; taxes have risen; our ability to pay
has
fallen;..."

This is logos because he uses "have " to express fact such as that taxes in America have risen since the Great Depression started.
Pathos
"...- nameless, unreasoning, unjustified
terror
which
paralyzes
needed efforts to convert retreat into advance."

Roosevelt uses loaded language to emphasize what fear, which is useless, does to us and how it effects our plans.
Full transcript