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Chapter 29: Achieving a Sustainable Future in a Globalized World

An overview of what this course will cover.

Kabilan Nanthakumar

on 14 January 2013

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Transcript of Chapter 29: Achieving a Sustainable Future in a Globalized World

Achieving a Sustainable Future in a Globalized World Kabilan Nanthakumar Economic Growth
and Sustinability To have economic globalization it is common for the need to have maximum economic growth. This however leads to reduced sustainability, due to the fact that many people are challenging business and government leaders to find a middle ground between economic growth and sustainability. http://www.southdacola.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2009/05/credit-card-debt.jpg Humans must begin to develop lifestyles that improve living standards while protecting the environment, but before doing this one must come up with a way to measure economic success and progress toward sustainability This is necessary for easily modifying our lifestyle for improved benefits GDP: WHAT IS IT AND WHAT WHAT DOES IT MEASURE? GDP (Gross Domestic Product) is the total value of all the country’s good and services produced over a period of time. When there are two consecutive quarters of negative GDP, it is considered a recession. FACT: As of October 2012, Canada was on the brink of recession but shows signs of slow and steady growth in the economy for reliable sustainability. (5) http://occupynewsnetwork.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/recession.jpg During a recession, corporations lose sales, governments lose tax revenues, and workers lose jobs. This strikes fear into the media, the public, and government/business leaders Though recessions contain several disadvantages, it does include a significant advantage, which is protecting the environment. When factories stop producing because of workers losing their jobs, less fossil fuels are being used. This results in less greenhouse gases, fighting against global warming. http://static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Guardian/Pix/pictures/2011/9/19/1316431271351/Occupy-Wall-Street-Anti-B-007.jpg GDP should not be used as the only indicator for social and economic progress, as they can be misleading. After the 9/11 attacks in the US, billions of dollars were spent on repairing the damage dealt, increasing overall security, and launching the “War on Terror”. While this did contribute to economic progress, it did not contribute to the overall quality of life. Many see the war as a form of biased oppression, for example. http://whi-d.wikispaces.com/file/view/OILLL.gif/138522905/OILLL.gif THE BELLAGIO
PRINCIPLES 1. Guiding Vision and Goals
Be guided by a clear vision of sustainable development and goals that define that vision 2. Hollistic Perspective
Consider the well-being of social, ecological, and economic sub-systems, their state as well as the direction and rate of charge of that state, of their component parts, and the interaction between parts

Consider both positive and negative consequences of human activity, in a way that reflects the costs and benefits for human and ecological systems, in monetary and non-monetary terms. 3. Essential Elements

Consider equity and disparity within the current populations and between present and future generations, dealing with such concerns as resource use, overconsumption and poverty, human rights, and access to service as appropriate.

Consider the ecological conditions on which life depends. 4. Adequate Scope

Adopt a time horizon long enough to capture both human and ecosystem time scales, thus responding to needs of future generations as well as those current to short-term decision making

Define the space of study large enough to include not only local but also long-distance impacts on people and ecosystems 5. Practical Focus
An explicit set of categories or an organizing framework that links vision and goals to indicators and assessment criteria

A limited number of key issues for analysis

Standardizing measurement whenever possible to permit comparison 6. Openness

Make the methods and data that are used accessible to all

Make explicit all judgements, assumptions, and uncertainties in data and interpretations 7. Effective Communication
Be designed to address the needs of the audience and set of users
Draw from indicators and other tools that are stimulating and serve to engage decision makers
Aim, from the outset, for simplicity in structure and use of clear and plain language. 8. Broad Participation
Obtain broad representation of key grass-roots, professional, technical, and social groups, including youth, women, and indigenous people – to ensure recognition of diverse and changing values
Ensure the participation of decision makers to secure a firm link to adopted policies and resulting action 9. Ongoing Assessment
Develop a capacity for repeated measurement to determine trends

Adjust goals, frameworks, and indicators as new insights are gained

Promote development of collective learning and feedback to decision making 10. Institutional Capacity
Clearly assigning responsibility and providing ongoing support in the decision-making process

Supporting development of local assessment capacity

These principles are used to evaluate the indicators, communicating information that has been gathered, and for methods of interpretation. Indicators of Sustainable
Development Specific Indicators…

Statistic that has been used to measure something other than sustainability can work as a specific indicator of sustainable development

(ex. # of sidewalks= number of people that could be walking in comparison to those driving.) *saves fossil fuels and reduces air pollution!* Using purpose built indicators (statistics gathered to measure a particular thing) such as Living Planet Index we can measure the state of the world’s biodiversity in terrestrial, freshwater, and marine ecosystems.
It is a useful measure; however it is not efficient as it only measures one aspect to sustainability. http://sustainu.info/wp-content/uploads/the-living-planet-index-measures-trends-in-the-abundance-of-species-for-which-data-is-available.jpg Comprehensive
Indicators Ecological footprints are often used as a measure of land area, to suggest the ecological pressure created by the residents of a country. It's affected by food, clothing, homes, buildings, and roads to name a few. http://learninghood.ca/wp-content/uploads/2011/03/ecological-footprint-illustration.jpg Index of Sustainable Economic Welfare (ISEW)

While measuring social and economic progress, it also takes into account the positive value of a beneficial activity, as well as the negative value of an activity that is unsustainable.

ex. child care costs are added to the index, but the economic costs of air pollution are reduced.) Genuine Progress Indicator

GPI uses economic, social, and environmental indicators, and like the ISEW, attempts to measure genuine progress by adjusting its measurement positively or negatively according to how an activity affects people’s well-being.

GPI assigns economic value to activities such as nursing homes, daycares, etc. to contribute to a society’s quality of life ISO 14001
International Organization for Standardization (ISO)

An old and important agency that works behind the scenes
Founded 1947, HQ in Geneva, Switzerland
Created more than 16,500 international standards to ensure that companies in different countries have corresponding measurements and meet agreed-upon levels of quality in manufacturing Achieving a More
The logic behind extended producer responsibility (EPR) is that the company produces the product and the person who buys it should be responsible for its environmental cost
With EPR, the company is held responsible for the product over its lifespan, along with the company
(ex. manufacturer might choose environmentally sound packaging, ensuring the product is easily recycled, etc.) GREEN TAXATION
The use of taxes to encourage environmentally friendly behaviour is called green taxation

Green taxes must be high enough to change a person’s behaviour http://www.avglob.net/wp-content/uploads/2011/05/carbon-tax-sign-550px.jpg SLOW CITIES (AKA CITTA LENTE)
Many cities find themselves being globalized by other countries, however some cities value the quality that make their communities and regions around them special, so they use ways to stop globalization in their area
One common method is not allowing the construction of fast-food restaurants or cellphone antennas SMART GROWTH
Refers to a new approach in urban planning

The idea that communities must be developed and managed in ways that promote environmental and economic sustainability, through the use of long term urban planning policies that focus on preventing urban sprawl

Goal is to build high density communities, with extravagant downtown cores that are pedestrian and bicycle friendly, and have both commercial and residential land uses http://onepieceatatime.info/blog/sites/default/files/smart-growth.jpg CHANGING OUR BEHAVIOR CHANGING OUR BEHAVIOUR
We must manage development as the human population rises in numbers
Humans must attain a clear understanding of our resources in order to take better care for them
For instance, if fresh air and clean water had a price tag on them, how much would one be willing to pay?
The things that nature does for humans are far more than what we could ever be capable of, which is why we should start seriously considering ways to preserve it THE END :)
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